|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2013)|
|Birth name||Gretchen Kunigk|
February 11, 1919|
|Died||February 17, 1994
Sun Valley, Idaho
Gretchen Kunigk Fraser (February 11, 1919 – February 17, 1994) was an alpine ski racer, the first American to win an Olympic gold medal in skiing.
The daughter of German and Norwegian immigrants, Gretchen Kunigk was born in Tacoma, Washington in 1919. Her Norwegian-born mother was a skier and Gretchen first skied at age 13, at Paradise on the south slopes of Mount Rainier in December 1932. Under the tutelage of Otto Lang she became a proficient ski racer and later competed on the ski team at the University of Puget Sound.
In 1938 she traveled to Sun Valley to compete in the second Harriman Cup, a new international event featuring the best racers in the world. She met 1936 Olympian and Northwest ski champion Don Fraser of the University of Washington on the train trip to central Idaho and their paths crossed frequently over the next year. They were married in October 1939 and Sun Valley became their home.
Fraser was a member of the 1940 Olympic team, games that were cancelled due to World War II. She spent the war years skiing in Otto Lang's military training films and helping to rehabilitate wounded and disabled veterans through skiing, setting the stage for a lifelong commitment to working with disabled skiers.
After the war she finally got her chance to compete at the Winter Olympics. A week before her 29th birthday, she won the gold medal in the women's slalom and a silver medal in the women's combined event at the 1948 Winter Olympics in St. Moritz, Switzerland.
Following the Olympics, Fraser became an ambassador for Sun Valley (and skiing in general), easily recognized in her braided blonde pigtails. Later in life she was a mentor to aspiring female ski racers at Sun Valley, including Susie Corrock, Christin Cooper, Picabo Street, and disabled skier Muffy Davis.
Fraser was inducted into the National Ski Hall of Fame in 1960 and the Intermountain Ski Hall of Fame in Park City in the inaugural class of 2002. She was also inducted into the State of Washington Sports Hall of Fame and the University of Puget Sound Hall of Fame.
"Gretchen's Gold," a ski run at Sun Valley's Seattle Ridge is named for her, as well as a restaurant in the Sun Valley Lodge, "Gretchen's."
- Allen, E. John B. (2011) Historical Dictionary of Skiing (Historical Dictionaries of Sports) ISBN 978-0810868021
- Commire, Anne; Klezmer, Deborah (2002). Women in World History. Yorkin Publications. ISBN 978-0787637361.
- Pfeifer, Luanne (1996) Gretchen's Gold: The Story of Gretchen Fraser; America's First Gold Medallist in Olympic Skiing. Missoula, Montana: Pictorial Histories Publishing, ISBN 9781575100197
- Pfeifer, Luanne (1994) "The One and Only Gretchen" Skiing Heritage Journal Vol. 6, No. 2
- "database Olympics.com". - Gretchen Fraser
- "State of Washington Sports Hall of Fame". - Gretchen Fraser
- U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame - 2012 nominee, Gretchen Fraser
- Visit Sun Valley.com - Fun Facts, Gretchen Fraser
- Alpenglow.org - Gretchen Fraser
- Univ. of Puget Sound Hall of Fame - Gretchen Kunigk Fraser
- Tacoma Public Library - photo - Gretchen Fraser, age 19 - 13-Feb-1938
- University of Idaho Library - teenage Gretchen Fraser running gates at Sun Valley