Grewia asiatica

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Grewia asiatica
Phalsa03 Asit.jpg
Flowers and leaves
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Grewioideae
Genus: Grewia
Species: G. asiatica
Binomial name
Grewia asiatica
L.
Synonyms

Grewia subinaequalis DC.
Grewia hainesiana Hole
Microcos lateriflora L.

Grewia asiatica (Phalsa or Falsa)in Sindhi Pharwa (Urdu: فالسہ ) is a species of Grewia native to southern Asia from Pakistan east to Cambodia, and widely cultivated in other tropical countries.[1][2] Grewia celtidifolia was initially considered a mere variety of Phalsa, but is now recognized as a distinct species.

It is a shrub or small tree growing to 8 m tall. The leaves are broadly rounded, 5–18 cm long and broad, with a petiole 1-1.5 cm long. The flowers are produced in cymes of several together, the individual flowers about 2 cm diameter, yellow, with five large (12 mm) sepals and five smaller (4–5 mm) petals. The fruit is an edible drupe 5–12 mm diameter, purple to black when ripe.[1][3]

Cultivation and uses[edit]

It is extensively cultivated for its sweet and sour acidic fruits, which are sold in the market during summer months under the name falsa. The sherbet or squash is prepared from the fruit pulp by mixing it with sugar and used as an astringent, stomachic and cooling agent.

The root bark is used by Santhal tribals for rheumatism. The stem bark is said to be used in refining sugar, for making ropes and its infusion is used as a demulcent. The leaves are used as an application to pustular eruptions. The buds are also prescribed by some physicians.[4]

It has become naturalised and locally invasive in Australia and the Philippines.[2][3][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Flora of Pakistan: Grewia asiatica
  2. ^ a b Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk: Grewia asiatica
  3. ^ a b Flora of Western Australia: Grewia asiatica
  4. ^ Purdue University: Fruits of warm climates: Phalsa
  5. ^ Yadav, A. K. (1999). Phalsa: A Potential New Small Fruit for Georgia. pp.348–352 in: Janick, J. (ed.). Perspectives on new crops and new uses. ASHS Press. Available online.