The Grey-headed Kingfisher (Halcyon leucocephala) has a wide distribution from the Cape Verde Islands off the north-west coast of Africa to Mauritania, Senegal and Gambia, east to Ethiopia, Somalia and southern Arabia and south to South Africa.
A dry-country kingfisher of scrub and woodland, solitary or in pairs, often found near water, but unlike most kingfishers is not aquatic. Perches on branch, unmoving for long periods while watching the ground for signs of insects or small lizards, bobbing head before diving on prey. In appearance very like the Brown-hooded Kingfisher but with a red rather than red and black bill and similar to the Woodland Kingfisher, but the Woodland Kingfisher lacks the chestnut belly and has greater coverage of cyan feathers on the back. Nests in holes in steep riverbanks and is aggressively protective of its nest by repeated dive-bombing of foraging Monitor lizards. It is parasitised by the Greater Honeyguide. This species migrates at night and is often killed by flying into obstacles such as buildings, towers and powerlines.
- (Grey-hooded Kingfisher =) Grey-headed Kingfisher - Species text in The Atlas of Southern African Birds.