Grey-legged tinamou

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Grey-legged tinamou
Crypturellus duidae.JPG
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Tinamiformes
Family: Tinamidae
Subfamily: Tinaminae
Genus: Crypturellus
Species: C. duidae
Binomial name
Crypturellus duidae
(Zimmer, 1938)[2]

The grey-legged tinamou (Crypturellus duidae) is a species of tinamou found in relatively dry, shrubby forests in the Amazon in South America.[3]

Taxonomy[edit]

The grey-legged tinamou is a monotypic species.[3] All tinamou are from the family Tinamidae, and in the larger scheme are also ratites. Unlike other ratites, tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. All ratites evolved from prehistoric flying birds, and tinamous are the closest living relative of these birds.[4]

Etymology[edit]

Crypturellus is formed from three Latin or Greek words. kruptos meaning covered or hidden, oura meaning tail, and ellus meaning diminutive. Therefore Crypturellus means small hidden tail.[5]

Description[edit]

The grey-legged tinamou is approximately 30 cm (12 in) in length. It is dark brown above with finely barred black on its lower back, it is rufous below, has tinged grey on its upper breast, the sides of its belly are banded buff, its head and neck are rufous, its throat white, and its legs are greyish. The female is darker on her lower back with narrow light buff barring.[citation needed]

Behavior[edit]

Like other tinamous, the grey-legged tinamou eats fruit off the ground or low-lying bushes. They also eat small amounts of invertebrates, flower buds, tender leaves, seeds, and roots. The male incubates the eggs which may come from as many as 4 different females, and then will raise them until they are ready to be on their own, usually 2–3 weeks. The nest is located on the ground in dense brush or between raised root buttresses.[4]

Range and habitat[edit]

It is found in dry shrubland up to 500 m (1,600 ft) altitude. It may also be found in moist or drier lowland forest. This species is native to east central Colombia, southern Venezuela, and northwestern Brazil.[3] It may also be found in far eastern Peru.[6]

Conservation[edit]

In 2012 the IUCN classifies this Tinamou as Near Threatened,[1] with an occurrence range of 59,000 km2 (23,000 sq mi).[6][7]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Crypturellus duidae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Brands, S. (2008)
  3. ^ a b c Clements, J (2007)
  4. ^ a b Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003)
  5. ^ Gotch, A. F. (1195)
  6. ^ a b BirdLife International (2008)
  7. ^ "Recently recategorised species". Birdlife International. Retrieved 9 June 2012. 

References[edit]

  • BirdLife International (2008). "Grey-legged Tinamou - BirdLife Species Factsheet". Data Zone. Retrieved 6 Feb 2009. 
  • Brands, Sheila (Aug 14, 2008). "Systema Naturae 2000 / Classification, Genus Crypturellus". Project: The Taxonomicon. Retrieved Feb 4, 2009. 
  • Clements, James (2007). The Clements Checklist of the Birds of the World (6 ed.). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-4501-9. 
  • Davies, S.J.J.F. (2003). "Tinamous". In Hutchins, Michael. Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia. 8 Birds I Tinamous and Ratites to Hoatzins (2 ed.). Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group. pp. 57–59. ISBN 0-7876-5784-0. 
  • Gotch, A. F. (1995) [1979]. "Tinamous". Latin Names Explained. A Guide to the Scientific Classifications of Reptiles, Birds & Mammals. New York, NY: Facts on File. p. 183. ISBN 0-8160-3377-3.