Grey River, Newfoundland and Labrador
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (June 2013)|
|Province||Newfoundland and Labrador|
|• MLA||Andrew Parsons (Burgeo-LaPoile)|
|• MP||Judy Foote (Random—Burin—St. George's)|
|Time zone||Newfoundland Time (UTC-3:30)|
|• Summer (DST)||Newfoundland Daylight (UTC-2:30)|
Grey River is a small remote fishing community located on the south coast of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. Grey River was first settled in the early 1800s by English 'youngsters' brought to Newfoundland via great merchant houses based at Ramea, Burgeo, and Gaultois. James Style(s) was the earliest known resident reported in 1835.
Originally, the settlement was named Little River. A severe measles outbreak occurred in the early 1900s. Settlers wired a doctor at St.John's to request advice and medical supplies. The dispatch was sent to Little River on the north-east coast instead of this settlement on the south-west coast. As a result, there were quite a few deaths and the name was changed to Grey River to prevent similar happenings.
Fishing has long remained the main industry in Grey River with the salmon fishery becoming an economic backbone for the community. Since the 1960s and 1970s, residents have increasingly returned to the salmon fishery for income. The scallop fishery also proposes a viable fishing alternative.
Sawmill, Mine, and Bunkhouse
The sawmill in Little River was built in 1955 by Tom Young who owned it back then, but now Garfield Young owns it. It became a gas pump in 1988 because the sawmill wasn’t in use at the time and they needed a place to store their gasoline and fuel. Fuel oil used to be storeed in the big blue drum outside. They used to sell the lumber they made in the sawmill to outside places.
They[who?] started the mine because they found lots of tungsten. They used to dump the leftover dirt about a hundred meters from the mine entrance by using a little cart run by a diesel motor. A couple people who used to work in the mine are Robert Lushman, Ronald Lushman, Henry Rose, Joshua Rose, and Victor Rose. The mine shut down because the price of tungsten dropped. The mine went in the cliff about a mile and a half.
The miners built the bunkhouse in 1962. Some miners stayed there while others stayed in their homes. An American company named Carco owned the mine and the bunkhouse, but now Liberty Resources does. Inside the bunkhouse, there was just a straight hallway with sleeping quarters on each side. Today, teachers stay in the bunkhouse.
Grey River Tungsten of Buchans, NL now Playfair Mining, Vancouver, BC, Canada started the mine because they found lots of tungsten. They used to dump the leftover dirt about a hundred meters from the mine entrance by using a little cart run by a diesel motor. The mine went in the cliff about a mile and a half. A few people who used to work in the mine are Robert Lushman, Ronald Lushman, Henry Rose, Joshua Rose, and Victor Rose. The mine shut down because the price of Tungsten dropped on the world market. Today, the stock price lists at a penny or less per share. The property is located adjacent to the fishing village of Grey River.
Grey River is serviced daily by coastal boat from Burgeo, a coastal port about 40 km to the west. Burgeo is linked by a highway to the Trans Canada Highway and the airport town of Stephenville approximately 125 km to the North. The claims are accessed by foot and helicopter while the Main Zone adit is within 150 metres by gravel trail from Grey River village. A local diesel supplies electricity to Grey River. A large government owned wharf exists in Grey River.
A 6,300 foot long (1,920 metre) adit has been driven into the Main Vein from near the village of Grey River at approximately 40 metres above sea level. Docking and wharf facilities existed at the Asarco adit but the present conditions are not known.
Property & Ownership: The property consists of nine mineral claims (1,750 hectares) that were map staked on August 24, 2000 and July 10, 2001. The claims, were acquired from South Coast Ventures by Playfair Mining (100%). The property is covered on claim map sheet NTS 11P/11.
Exploration History: Tungsten mineralization was first noted near Grey River around 1956. Subsequent exploration by Asarco during 1957 to 1970 included surface geological mapping, trenching and diamond drilling on five of the better veins, driving a 6,300 foot long exploration adit into and along the Main (#10) vein, driving 20 short raises into the vein and collecting a 275 ton bulk sample for a number of metallurgical tests by Asarco and CanMet. Asarco had destined the project for production around 1970 but the drop in tungsten prices shelved the project. The property changed hands several times but no further work was done from 1970 to present day. The claims expired in June 2000 and were map staked by South Coast Ventures when the Newfoundland government released the ground for staking.
Geology: The immediate area is underlain by Ordovician-Silurian age metasedimentary amphibolites and quartz-mica schists and gneisses that predominate to the north. Bedding and foliation-banding strike E-W and dip steeply north. Extensive granitic rocks predominate north of the metasedimentary units. Pegmatites cut all rocks and can form considerable amounts locally. Three prominent fault sets occur; an E-W set is the strongest and brings metasedimentary rocks into contact (usually mylonitic) with the granitic rocks. A younger north to NE trending fault set is commonly occupied by quartz veins hosting the tungsten mineralization.
Mineralization: The Grey River tungsten veins are typical fluorite-rich wolframite-quartz greisen vein deposits. Most of the tungsten mineralization is wolframite with a number of small scheelite occurrences known. GSC Economic Geology Report 32 (Geology of Canadian Tungsten Occurrences, R. Mulligan, 1984) lists the Grey River deposits as "one of the largest typical wolframite deposits in Canada" and states "in view of the geological environment and the presence of beryllium, molybdenum, fluorite and base metal deposits, it would be remarkable if there were not many more tungsten occurrences' (on the property). The wolframite veins occur mainly in the metamorphic rocks but also in the granitic rocks to the north. Over 300 veins and lenses have been mapped on surface although to date only two or three appear significant enough to have been partially evaluated by Asarco. The Main (#10) Vein is from 0.9 to over 4.3 m wide and averages ~1.2 m wide (based on underground mapping) and has been traced for over 1,600 m long with the #10 ore shoot over 775m long. Over 240 m vertical thickness is defined above the adit. The vein increases in width with depth and appears to also increase in grade with depth. Tungsten grades substantially increase with face sampling and bulk sampling compared to drill hole grades; this is likely a result of poor drill core recoveries but is also due to a significant 'nugget effect'.
Resources & Potential: In March of 2011, Playfair reported an updated NI 43-101 Compliant Mineral Resource Estimate completed by Desautels Geoscience Ltd. ("DGL") of 18.8 million pounds of Inferred Resource (1,169,000 tonnes at an average grade of 0.730% WO3 at a 0.20% WO3 cut-off). The resources show an overall increase of 16% in contained tungsten over the 2007 estimate of 852,000 tonnes at an average grade of 0.86% WO3 containing 16.2 million pounds of tungsten trioxide.
The miners built the bunkhouse in 1962. Some miners stayed there while others stayed in their homes. An American company named Asarco owned the mine and the bunkhouse, but now Playfair Mining does. Inside the bunkhouse, there was just a straight hallway with sleeping quarters on each side. Today, teachers stay in the bunkhouse.
The population today reaches only about 160 residents. The first reported census of 1857 reveals a population of only thirteen citizens. The community offers breathtaking scenery as a narrow passageway leads into the settlement from the bay. Nestled between two mountains, a very sheltered basin offers protection from the raging winds which often stop the ferry service from running on schedule. These hills reach an elevation of 199–305 meters or 1000 feet and are great for climbing. In the winter, they make a perfect trail for sliding and believe it or not-skidooing! Grey River shores are steep and bold.