Greystanes, New South Wales

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Greystanes
SydneyNew South Wales
GreystanesNSWlibrary.jpg
Greystanes Community Centre & Library
Population 21,703 (2011)[1]
Postcode(s) 2145
Location 29 km (18 mi) west of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) City of Holroyd
Suburbs around Greystanes:
Girraween Pendle Hill South Wentworthville
Prospect Pemulwuy Greystanes Merrylands West
Wetherill Park Smithfield Woodpark
Frank Cefai with the Archbishop of Sydney, Normal Thomas Gilroy, placing the foundation stone at Our Lady Queen of Peace

Greystanes is a suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. Greystanes is located 29 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of the City of Holroyd.

History[edit]

In the early years of British settlement the area was known as Prospect Hill and was the site of the first land grants to emancipated convicts in 1791. At this period it was one of several areas of conflict between the Darug people and the settlers, the Darug people being led for many years of guerrilla warfare by Pemulwuy.

The area later became differentiated into Prospect, to the west of Greystanes Creek, and Greystanes to the east of the Creek, the latter taking its name from a historical home on Prospect Hill, built by Nelson Simmons Lawson, third child of Lieutenant William Lawson. The name 'Grey Stanes', given by Nelson Lawson, came from the outcrops of basalt on Prospect Hill, "Grey" being its colour and "Stanes" being the Scottish word for stones. The land was originally granted to William Cummings in 1799, before being acquired by William Lawson in approximately 1810.[2]

The area was used for poultry farming in the early twentieth century until Greystanes developed in the 1950s and 1960s as a residential suburb. Frank Cefai, a Maltese migrant, is a well known developer who built thousands of residential homes throughout Greystanes and its surrounding suburbs. Frank built and helped fund the Our Lady Queen of Peace Catholic Church in 1975 and the surrounding primary and secondary schools.[3]

Population[edit]

At the 2011 census, there were 21,703 residents in Greystanes. About two thirds of residents were born in Australia, with the most common other countries of birth being Malta 3.6%, Lebanon 3.1%, India 1.8% and England 1.8%. Languages other than English spoken at home included Arabic 9.1%, Maltese 3.4%, Greek 2.3%, Italian 2.3% and Croatian 1.7%. The top religious affiliation was Catholic (49.2%) and this was almost double the national rate of Catholics.[1]

Transport[edit]

The major arterial roads include Cumberland Highway, Great Western Highway and M4 Western Motorway. Greystanes is serviced by Westbus' routes 806, 809, 810, 811, and 818 which connect Greystanes and Pemulwuy with the train stations at Parramatta and Merrylands.

Schools[edit]

Primary schools

  • Greystanes Public School
  • Beresford Road Primary School
  • Ringrose Primary School
  • Widemere Public School

High schools

Private schools

  • St Pauls Catholic College, which was originally named St. Simon Stock High School and later Newman High School
  • Our Lady Queen of Peace Primary School

Parks and recreation[edit]

Greystanes contains a large number of parks, ovals, and sporting facilities, as well as a golf course. Through the lower portion of Greystanes runs what is known as the Canal, which was a water canal once used to transport water from the Prospect Reservoir, but has since been decommissioned and converted into a cycleway/walkway. Despite this, it is still referred to by its original function. The Canal features the regionally well-known Canal bridge - also known as the Boothtown Aqueduct (as its original function was).

The south-west of Greystanes contains the Gipps Road Sporting Complex and the Rosford Street Reserve, which consist of multiple ovals suitable for sports such as football and cricket. Around the ovals are large, open fields, suitable for other forms of recreation and a small BMX track in Rosford Street Reserve. A small-bore rifle club is located on Hyland Road, near these sporting complexes and the Hyland Road Youth Centre is also on this road. The Cumberland Country Golf Club is located to the geographic centre of the suburb.

Culture[edit]

Our Lady of Victories procession during the Festa

Many of the early residents of Greystanes were from Malta and many of them operated poultry farms. Three family poultry businesses from Greystanes became household names throughout Australia - Cordina Chickens, Baiada Chickens and Pace Farm Eggs.[4] Greystanes still has a large Maltese-Australian community. The Maltese community have hosted a Festa (Festa tal-Vitorja & Maria Bambina) every October since 1965 in and around the church. The Maltese community purchased the land and built a new church dedicated to Our Lady of Victories in 1975. The Maltese Festa has its origins in the religious festivals held annually in each village of Malta, celebrating the patron saint of the village. The church and parish were named after Our Lady of Victories, a beautifully hand crafted statue from Italy, a replica of Maria Bambina from Gozo. Despite hundreds of years of tradition, the clergy of the Catholic Church deemed it incorrect to have the moniker Victories attached to Our Lady. The church then became the Parish of Our Lady Queen of Peace. The statue is on display in the church and at the annual procession of the Maltese Festa.

References[edit]

Coordinates: 33°49′24″S 150°56′37″E / 33.823244°S 150.9436333°E / -33.823244; 150.9436333