Gries, Bas-Rhin

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Gries
Coat of arms of Gries
Coat of arms
Gries is located in France
Gries
Gries
Coordinates: 48°45′20″N 7°49′02″E / 48.7556°N 7.8172°E / 48.7556; 7.8172Coordinates: 48°45′20″N 7°49′02″E / 48.7556°N 7.8172°E / 48.7556; 7.8172
Country France
Region Alsace
Department Bas-Rhin
Arrondissement Strasbourg-Campagne
Canton Brumath
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2014) Claude Kern
Area
 • Land1 12.23 km2 (4.72 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 2,778
 • Population2 density 230/km2 (590/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 67169 / 67240
Elevation 125–169 m (410–554 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Gries is a commune in the Bas-Rhin département in Alsace in north-eastern France, a short distance to the south-southeast of Haguenau.

Etymology[edit]

The first document mentioning the name of the village is dated 13 March 826. Gries is mentioned for the first time under the name Gerareshusa. By 830, it is called Gerireshusa.

According to the pastor Guggenbühl[1] the name comes from the given name Gerhard. The name of the village would therefore be in modern standard High German Gerhardshausen, which suggests that it was owned by a certain "Gerhard", whose identity so far has not been discovered.

A document from 974 uses the name Grioz which more closely resembles the current name of the village. Guggenbühl[1] explains that name change as follows: very fast the suffix -hausen of Gerireshausen has been abandoned, the resulting Gerires being transformed over the years first to Grioz, then to Grieze and finally to current Gries.

History[edit]

Belonging to the landgraves of Lower Alsace until 1332, the town passed subsequently to Lichtenberg and then to Zweibrücken-Bitsch, before belonging to the count of Hanau-Lichtenberg who introduced the Reformation. Thus its population became Protestant by virtue of the principle cujus regio, ejus religio. In 1622 – during the Thirty Years War – Gries was completely destroyed by the troops of Mansfeld upon which its inhabitants fled to Strasbourg.

To repopulate the region, settlers from Switzerland (Swiss German) came to the town. The landgraves of Hesse-Darmstadt were the last masters of the village from 1736 until the French Revolution, when it was annexed by France. The landgraves contributed significantly to its development.

Sights[edit]

FR-67-Gries.JPG

Southeast of the village is a mound, the only remains of an ancient castle, the residence of the bishop of Strasbourg, which remained occupied until the late fifteenth century, when it was destroyed.

Organ[edit]

The Protestant church contains an organ built by Johann Andreas Silbermann in 1781.[2]

Administration[edit]

The present mayor is Claude Kern who was first elected mayor in 2001 and reelected in 2008 for a second term (until 2014).

Demographics[edit]

1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2007
1908 2093 2281 2319 2464 2688 2743

Source: INSEE[3]

Notable people[edit]

Twin Towns – Sister Cities[edit]

Gries is twinned with:

This other Gries lies in the west of the Palatinate about 20 km west of Kaiserslautern. Since the 1979 establishment of the partnership, it has been well developed. The relatively short distance between Gries and Gries – only about 110 km – has made private contacts easy. Even a Palatine-Alsatian marriage, complete with children, has sprung from this partnership. There are regular visits back and forth by each municipality’s councils.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Guggenbühl, Willy (1957). Gries: Chronik einer unterelsässischen Landgemeinde. Saverne: Imprimerie Savernoise. 
  2. ^ "Orgue de Gries, Eglise protestante" [Organ of Gries, Protestant Church] (in French). Retrieved 17 February 2011. 
  3. ^ "Résultats du recensement de la population – 2007 – Gries" [Results of the population census – 2007 – Gries] (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 17 February 2011. 

External links[edit]