Grievous Angel

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Grievous Angel
Studio album by Gram Parsons
Released January 1974
Recorded Summer 1973 at Wally Heider Studio 4, Hollywood, California
Genre Country rock
Length 36:14
Label Reprise
Producer Gram Parsons
Gram Parsons chronology
GP
(1973)
Grievous Angel
(1974)
Sleepless Nights
(1976)
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 5/5 stars[1]
Robert Christgau (A)[2]
Rolling Stone (favorable)[3]

Grievous Angel was the second solo album by Gram Parsons, compiled from 1973 sessions and released four months after his death. It received great critical acclaim upon release, but failed to find commercial success, a fate shared with his previous efforts solo and with The Flying Burrito Brothers. Grievous Angel peaked at number 195 on the Billboard charts.[4] Despite its modest sales, it is viewed as a successful example of the hybrid between country and rock and roll Parsons called "Cosmic American Music".

In 2003, the album was ranked number 429[5] on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.

History[edit]

After a ramshackle tour in the spring and summer of 1973, Gram Parsons again convened with his singing partner Emmylou Harris, various members of Elvis Presley's "Hot Band", including James Burton and Glen Hardin and the occasional guest (such as Bernie Leadon and Linda Ronstadt) to record his second solo album for Reprise Records. Lacking much-needed new material, Parsons quickly wrote two songs during the sessions ("Return of the Grievous Angel", with lyrics by Boston-based poet and Parsons fan Thomas Brown; "In My Hour Of Darkness", arranged by Harris) and looked to songs rejected for previous albums and to standard country songs to flesh out the scant material he came up with. In regards to the original material, "Brass Buttons" dated from Parsons' brief stint as a Harvard-based folksinger in the mid-1960s; "Hickory Wind" had already been recorded with The Byrds; "$1000 Wedding", about Parsons' aborted plan to wed the mother of his daughter in ostentatious style, had been recorded in a plodding arrangement with the Flying Burrito Brothers circa 1970; "Ooh Las Vegas" had been rejected from GP.

In spite of the dearth of new material, the album took what its predecessor had presented and expanded the format of "Cosmic American Music". With the album in the can, Parsons set off for Joshua Tree, California, where he would fatally overdose on September 19, 1973, officially declared deceased in nearby Yucca Valley.

Posthumous changes[edit]

Parsons's widow, Gretchen, who had never cared for Emmylou Harris's relationship with her husband,[citation needed] removed Harris from the front cover of the album (which was originally credited to "Gram Parsons with Emmylou Harris" and featured a photograph of the two of them) and relegated her to a credit on the back cover. Additionally, Gretchen removed the original title track, "Sleepless Nights" and replaced the cover with an image of Parsons in a sea of blue. The rearranged album was released in January 1974.

The three tracks recorded during the sessions that had gone unreleased, "Sleepless Nights", "The Angels Rejoiced in Heaven Last Night" and "Brand New Heartache", were released on the posthumous 1976 Parsons/Flying Burrito Brothers album Sleepless Nights.

Track listing[edit]

  • Side One:
  1. "Return of the Grievous Angel" (Gram Parsons) – 4:19
  2. "Hearts on Fire" (Walter Egan, Tom Guidera) – 3:50
  3. "I Can't Dance" (Tom T. Hall) – 2:20
  4. "Brass Buttons" (Parsons) – 3:27
  5. "$1000 Wedding" (Parsons) – 5:00
  • Side Two:
  1. "Medley Live from Northern Quebec:"
    (a) "Cash on the Barrelhead" (Charlie Louvin, Ira Louvin) – 2:12
    (b) "Hickory Wind" (Parsons, Bob Buchanon) – 4:15
  2. "Love Hurts" (Boudleaux Bryant) – 3:40
  3. "Las Vegas" (Parsons, Ric Grech) – 3:29
  4. "In My Hour of Darkness" (Parsons, Emmylou Harris) – 3:42

Personnel[edit]

Guests[edit]

  • Bernie Leadon: acoustic guitar on "Return of the Grievous Angel", electric lead guitar on "Hearts on Fire", dobro on "In My Hour of Darkness"
  • Byron Berline: fiddle on "Return of the Grievous Angel", "Medley Live from Northern Quebec" & "In My Hour of Darkness", mandolin on "Medley"
  • N.D. Smart: drums on "Hearts on Fire" and "In My Hour of Darkness"
  • Steve Snyder: vibes on "Medley Live from Northern Quebec"
  • Linda Ronstadt: harmony vocal on "In My Hour of Darkness"
  • Kim Fowley, Phil Kaufman, Ed Tickner, Jane & Jon Doe: "Background blah-blah" on "Medley Live from Northern Quebec"

References[edit]

  1. ^ Deming, Mark. Grievous Angel at AllMusic. Retrieved 29 Nov 2005.
  2. ^ Christgau, Robert. "Gram Parsons: Grievous Angel > Consumer Guide Review". Robert Christgau. Retrieved 4 Sep 2009. 
  3. ^ Scoppa, Bud (March 1, 1973). "Gram Parsons: GP/Grievous Angel > Review". Rolling Stone (129). Retrieved 12 May 2011. 
  4. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. Gram Parsons at AllMusic. Retrieved 21 March 2010.
  5. ^ Levy, Joe; Steven Van Zandt (2006) [2005]. "429 | Grievous Angel - Gram Parsons". Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time (3rd ed.). London: Turnaround. ISBN 1-932958-61-4. OCLC 70672814. Retrieved 10 December 2009.