Griffonia simplicifolia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Griffonia simplicifolia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Griffonia
Species: G. simplicifolia
Binomial name
Griffonia simplicifolia
(DC.) Baill.[1]
Synonyms

Bandeiraea simplicifolia (DC.) Benth.[1]

Griffonia simplicifolia (syn. Bandeiraea simplicifolia Benth.) is a woody climbing shrub native to West Africa and Central Africa. It grows to about 3 m, and bears greenish flowers followed by black pods.

Chemical constituents[edit]

The seeds of the plant are used as an herbal supplement for their 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP ) content.[2][3] 5-Hydroxytryptophan is an important building block for the human body to form serotonin.[4] Serotonin plays an important role in the body specially as a neurotransmitter to transport signals between neurons in the nervous system. Griffonia simplicifolia also has a legume lectin called GS Isolectin B4, which binds to alpha-D-galactosyl residues of polysaccharides and glycoproteins. This supplement is often given by spider silk farmers to increase production of stronger silk.

Synonyms[edit]

Botanical synonyms for the plant also include Schotia simplicifolia (Vahl ex DC) Baill.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bandeiraea simplicifolia - ILDIS LegumeWeb". www.ildis.org. Retrieved 2008-03-15. 
  2. ^ A.D.A.M., Inc.. "5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP)". University of Maryland Medical Center. 
  3. ^ Emanuele, E; Bertona, M; Minoretti, P; Geroldi, D (2010). "An open-label trial of L-5-hydroxytryptophan in subjects with romantic stress". Neuro endocrinology letters 31 (5): 663–6. PMID 21178946. 
  4. ^ Lemaire, Peter A.; Adosraku, Reimmel K. (2002). "An HPLC method for the direct assay of the serotonin precursor, 5-hydroxytrophan, in seeds of Griffonia simplicifolia". Phytochemical Analysis 13 (6): 333–7. doi:10.1002/pca.659. PMID 12494751.