Grigorovich M-9

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M-9
Grigorovič M-9.jpg
Grigorovič M-9
Role Reconnaissance flying boat
Manufacturer Shchetinin
Designer Dmitry Pavlovich Grigorovich
First flight January 9, 1916
Retired 1920s
Primary users Russian navy
Finnish Air Force
Number built ca 500
Developed from Grigorovich M-5

Grigorovich M-9 (alternative designation ShCh M-9, sometimes also Shchetinin M-9) was a Russian World War I-era biplane flying boat, developed from the M-5 by Grigorovich.

The first M-9 was ready in 1915 and its maiden flight was carried out on January 9, 1916 at Baku. On September 17, 1916, the test pilot Jan Nagórski became the first to make a loop with a flying boat.

During the Russian Civil War, M-9s participated in the air defence of Baku, dropping approximately 6,000 kg of bombs and 160 kg of arrows. The aircraft also carried out photo reconnaissance, artillery spotting and air combat sorties.

The M-9 was also used for the first experiments on sea shelve study, participating in the finding of new oil fields near Baku.

Nine M-9s were captured by Finland during the Russian Civil War. One was flown by a Russian officer to Antrea on April 10, 1918. It sank the following day during type evaluation. Eight more were taken over at the airfields at Åland and Turku. The aircraft were used until 1922 by the Finnish Air Force.

Operators[edit]

 Russia
Russian Navy
White Army
 Finland
Finnish Air Force
 Soviet Union
Red Army

Specifications (M-9)[edit]

Data from Thulinista Hornettiin

General characteristics

Performance

Armament

  • 1x 7.7 mm MG or
    1x 7.5 mm MG or
    1x 20 mm cannon or
    1x 37 mm cannon

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

Heinonen, Timo: Thulinista Hornetiin - Keski-Suomen ilmailumuseon julkaisuja 3, Keski-Suomen ilmailumuseo, 1992, ISBN 951-95688-2-4

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

Related lists