Grigory Abramovich Shajn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Grigory Shayn)
Jump to: navigation, search
Asteroids discovered: 3
1057 Wanda August 16, 1925
1058 Grubba June 22, 1925
1709 Ukraina August 16, 1925
Large optical telescope is named after Shajn

Grigory Abramovich Shajn (Russian: Григорий Абрамович Шайн) (April 19, 1892–August 4, 1956) was a Soviet/Russian astronomer. In modern English transliteration, his surname would be given as Shayn, but his astronomical discoveries are credited under the name G. Shajn. Nonetheless, his last name is sometimes given as Schajn.[1]

He was the husband of Pelageya Shajn (Пелагея Фёдоровна Шайн) née Sannikova (Санникова), who was also a Russian astronomer.

He worked on stellar spectroscopy and the physics of gaseous nebulas. Together with Otto Struve, he studied the rapid rotation of stars of young spectral types and measured the radial velocities of stars. He discovered new gaseous nebulas and the anomalous abundance of 13C in stellar atmospheres.

He became a member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences in 1939, and was also a member of various foreign societies such as the Royal Astronomical Society. From 1945 to 1952 he was the director of the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory.

He also discovered a few asteroids. He also co-discovered the non-periodic comet C/1925 F1 (Shajn-Comas Solá), also known as Comet 1925 VI or Comet 1925a. However, the periodic comet 61P/Shajn-Schaldach was co-discovered by his wife rather than by him.[2]

The crater Shayn on the Moon is named after him.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Facts About Grigory Abramovich Shajn. TrueKnowledge.com. Accessed March 12, 2012.
  2. ^ "Obituary Notices : Grigori Abramovich Shajn." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 117 (1987): 248-49. Print.
  3. ^ Craters: "S". Lunar Republic. Accessed March 12, 2012.
  • Gurshtein, Alexander A. (2007). "Shain [Shayn, Shajn], Grigory Abramovich". The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. p. 1046. ISBN 978-0-387-31022-0. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Shklovsky, Iosif (1991). Five billion vodka bottles to the moon : tales of a Soviet scientist. Translated and adapted by Mary Fleming Zirin and Harold Zirin (1st ed.). New York: W.W. Norton. ISBN 0393029905. 
  • Struve, Otto (1958). "G. A. Shajn and Russian Astronomy". Sky & Telescope 17 (6): 272–274. 

External links[edit]

Obituaries