Grimethorpe

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Not to be confused with Grimesthorpe, in Sheffield.
Grimethorpe
Grimethorpe is located in South Yorkshire
Grimethorpe
Grimethorpe
 Grimethorpe shown within South Yorkshire
Population 1,873 2001
Civil parish Brierley
Metropolitan borough Barnsley
Metropolitan county South Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Barnsley
Postcode district S72
Dialling code 01226
Police South Yorkshire
Fire South Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Barnsley East
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 53°34′N 1°23′W / 53.57°N 1.38°W / 53.57; -1.38

Grimethorpe is a large village in the metropolitan borough of Barnsley in South Yorkshire, England. Historically within the West Riding of Yorkshire, it has a population of 1,873.[1] It is believed the name Grimethorpe originates from "Grim's Torp", a mixture of Anglo-Saxon and Viking names, meaning a torp or hamlet owned by a Viking named Grimey.

It is located to the east of Barnsley and south of Hemsworth; until the local government reorganisation of 1974, it was part of the Hemsworth district and constituency.

Mining[edit]

The 1981 census recorded 44% of Grimethorpe workers as miners.[2] The two pits in the village were 'Grimethorpe' and 'Ferrymoor' which merged with 'Riddings' in 1967, which in turn merged with 'South Kirkby' in 1985. Grimethorpe colliery was one of the deepest pits in Britain and, following similar mergers with 'Houghton Main' and 'Dearne Valley', employed 6,000 men at the time of its closure in May 1993. During mid-October of the UK miners' strike (1984–85), there was a series of riots in Grimethorpe and local residents complained that the policing was too heavy-handed. Relations between the community and the police remained very cold for the next decade.

Deprivation[edit]

Grimethorpe has gained a reputation as the most long-term deprived community in Great Britain and many houses from its coal-mining days have been demolished. In 1994, the European Union's study of deprivation named Grimethorpe as the poorest village in the country and amongst the poorest in Europe. Levels of crime and drug abuse have been chronically high. Unemployment was above 50% for much of the 1990s and a large proportion of the population are disabled, having suffered injuries down the coal mines.

Regeneration projects[edit]

Several regeneration projects have taken place. The Dearne Valley link roads have been constructed and Park Springs Industrial Estate has been developed. This has brought many jobs to the area especially the construction of a huge unit occupied by South Yorkshire based furniture company Symphony. The village has seen the construction of three private housing estates, a medical centre, dental surgery, and village hall. Regeneration was praised by former Deputy PM Lord Prescott on his visit in March 2010.

Education[edit]

There are two junior schools, Milefield and Ladywood. Willowgarth High School was demolished and a new superschool, Shafton Advanced Learning Centre (SALC), is the secondary school for pupils from Grimethorpe, Shafton, Brierley, Cudworth, Monk Bretton & Lundwood. Former schools include Springvale Junior and Middle school, which burned down in the 1980s.

Band[edit]

Grimethorpe is known for its past as a mining village, its brass band, the Grimethorpe Colliery Band, and was used as the location for the film Brassed Off – a black comedy which tells the plight of the village and the effect on its band. In 2010 Grimethorpe Colliery band recorded a version of the hymn "Jerusalem" which was played when the English team won a gold medal at the 2010 Commonwealth Games in India.

Sport[edit]

Grimethorpe has had two senior football clubs – Grimethorpe Athletic, who played in the FA Cup from 1904 to 1953, and Grimethorpe Miners Welfare, who competed in the FA Vase.

Notable people[edit]

Fred Fletcher who played Jud in the film Kes.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Usual Resident Population", Census 2001: Urban Areas (MS Excel) (table), Office for National Statistics, KS01, retrieved 26 August 2009 
  2. ^ Barnsley MB report (PDF) .

External links[edit]