Grimsby

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Grimsby
Grimsby Dock Tower.jpg
Grimsby Dock Tower
Grimsby is located in Lincolnshire
Grimsby
Grimsby
 Grimsby shown within Lincolnshire
Population 87,574 
OS grid reference TA279087
   – London 140 mi (230 km)  S
Unitary authority North East Lincolnshire
Ceremonial county Lincolnshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town GRIMSBY
Postcode district DN31 – DN34, DN35, DN37
Dialling code 01472
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Great Grimsby
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire

Coordinates: 53°33′34″N 0°04′05″W / 53.5595°N 0.0680°W / 53.5595; -0.0680

Grimsby (or archaically Great Grimsby) is a large town and seaport situated on the South Bank of the Humber Estuary close to where it reaches the North Sea. The town was traditionally in the ceremonial county of Lincolnshire, until it was absorbed into the new county of Humberside in 1974. Since the abolition of Humberside in 1996, the town has served as the administrative centre of the North East Lincolnshire unitary authority.

Geography

The A180 is the main route into Grimsby (from the west)

The town was previously titled "Great Grimsby" to distinguish it from Little Grimsby, a village about 14 miles (22 km) to the south, near Louth. People from Grimsby are called Grimbarians;[1] the term codhead (plural codheads) is also used jokingly or disparagingly, often with reference to Grimsby football supporters.[2][3][4][5][6]

The town had a population of 87,574 in 2001.[7] It is physically linked to and forms a conurbation with the adjoining town of Cleethorpes. Some 11,000 of its residents live in the village of Scartho, which was absorbed into Grimsby before 20th-century laws on the green belt were passed. All three areas come under the jurisdiction of the same unitary authority, North East Lincolnshire. It is close to the main terminus of the A180, which ends in Cleethorpes. 22 January is Great Grimsby Day.[1]

The River Freshney rises to the west of the town, towards the A46. The A46 terminates near Grimsby in Cleethorpes at the junction with the A16 just north of Oasis Academy Wintringham.

History

There is some archeological evidence of a small town of Roman workers sited in the area in the second century. Located on the River Haven, which flowed into the Humber, this provided an ideal location for ships to shelter from approaching storms. It was also well situated to exploit the rich fishing grounds in the North Sea.

Vikings

According to legend, Grimsby was first founded by Grim, a Danish fisherman.[8] Grimsby was settled by Danes sometime in the 9th century AD. The name Grimsby originates from Grim's by, derived from the name Grim, the Danish "Viking," and the suffix -by being the Old Norse word for village. The legendary founding of Grimsby is described in Lay of Havelock the Dane, but historians consider this account to be myth.

In Norse mythology, Grim (Mask) and Grimnir (Masked One) are names adopted by the deity Odin (Anglo-Saxon Woden) when travelling incognito amongst mortals, as in the short poem known as 'Grimnir's Sayings' (Grimnismal) in the Poetic Edda.[9] The intended audience of the Havelock tale (recorded much later in the form of The Lay of Havelock the Dane) may have understood the fisherman Grim to be Odin in disguise. The Odinic name 'Grimr/Grim' occurs in many English placenames within the historical Danelaw and elsewhere in Britain, examples being the numerous earthworks named Grimsdyke.[10] As other British placenames containing the element Grim are explained as referring to Woden/Odin (e.g. Grimsbury, Grimspound, Grime's Graves, Grimsditch, Grimsworne), Grimsby is likely to have the same derivation.

Grimsby is listed in the Domesday Book as having a population of around 200, a priest, a mill and a ferry.

Medieval period

During the 12th century, Grimsby developed into a fishing and trading port, at one point ranking twelfth in importance to the Crown in terms of tax revenue. The town was granted its charter by King John in 1201. The first mayor was installed in 1202.[11]

Grimsby is noted in the Orkneyinga Saga in this Dróttkvætt stanza by the Viking Rǫgnvald Kali:

Vér hǫfum vaðnar leirur   vikur fimm megingrimmar;

saurs vara vant, er várum,   viðr, í Grímsbœ miðjum.
Nú'r þat's más of mýrar   meginkátliga látum
branda elg á bylgjur   Bjǫrgynjar til dynja.

"We have waded in mire for five terrible weeks; there was no lack of mud where we were, in the middle of Grimsby. But now away we let our beaked moose [ship] resound meerily on the waves over the seagull's swamp [sea] to Bergen."

St James' church, before its extension

Grimsby does not have town walls. It was too small and was protected by the marshy land around it. However, the town did have a ditch.

In medieval times, Grimsby had two parish churches, St Mary's and St James. Only St James, now known as Grimsby Minster, remains. St James is associated with a folk tale of an Imp who played tricks in the church and was turned into stone by an angel (a similar story is told for Lincoln Cathedral; see Lincoln Imp).

In the mid-14th century, the town benefited from the generosity of Edmund de Grimsby, a local man who became a senior Crown official and judge in Ireland.

In the 15th century, The Haven began to silt up, preventing ships in the Humber from docking. As a result, Grimsby entered a long period of decline which lasted until the late 18th century. By 1801, the population of Grimsby numbered 1,524,[citation needed] around the same size that it had been in the Middle Ages.

Rise of fishing and maritime industry

The Great Grimsby Haven Company was formed by Act of Parliament in May 1796 (the Grimsby Haven Act) for the purpose of "widening, deepening, enlarging, altering and improving the Haven of the Town and Port of Great Grimsby". After dredging of The Haven and related improvement, in the early 19th century, the town grew rapidly as the port was revived. Grimsby's port boomed, importing iron, timber, wheat, hemp and flax. New docks were necessary to cope with the expansion. The Grimsby Docks Act of 1845 allowed the necessary building works.[citation needed]

The arrival of the railway in 1848 made it easier to transport goods to and from the port to markets and farms. Coal mined in the South Yorkshire coal fields was brought by rail and exported through Grimsby. Rail links direct to London and the Billingsgate Fish Market allowed for fresh 'Grimsby Fish' to gain renown nationwide. The first true fish dock opened in Grimsby in 1856, and the town became a centre for the development of the commercial fishing industry.

The Dock Tower was completed in 1851, followed by the Royal Dock in 1852. No.1 Fish Dock was completed in 1856, followed by No.2 Fish Dock in 1877. Alexandra Dock and Union Dock were completed in 1879. During this period, the fishing fleet was greatly expanded. In a rare reversal of the usual trends, large numbers of fishermen from the South-East and Devon travelled North to join the Grimsby fleet. Over 40% of these newcomers came from Barking in East London, and other Thames-side towns.[12]

In 1857 there were 22 vessels in Grimsby. Six years later there were 112.[13] The first two legitimate steam trawlers ever built in Great Britain were based in Grimsby. By 1900, a tenth of the fish consumed in the United Kingdom was landed at Grimsby, despite the many smaller coastal fishing ports and villages that also supplied the nation.[13]

The demand for fish in Grimsby grew to such an extent that, at its peak in the 1950s, Grimsby laid claim to the title of 'the largest fishing port in the world'.[14] The population of Grimsby grew from 75,000 in 1901 to 92,000 by 1931.

Grimsby fishing docks, c.1890

But, the Great Depression and the restructuring of the fishing industry caused a severe decline in employment. The population was fairly stable for the rest of the 20th century.[15]

Second World War

War memorial, Grimsby Dock
The current HMS Grimsby (M108)

The Royal Dock was used as the UK's largest base for minesweepers to patrol the North Sea. The Admiralty requisitioned numerous trawlers to serve as minesweepers for the Royal Naval Patrol Service. In many cases, their crew were ex-trawlermen, as well as men from the Royal Naval Reserve and Royal Navy volunteers. Trawlers would use the winches and warps from fishing operations to tow a paravane with a cutting jaw through the water in what was known as a 'sweep' to bring mines to the surface and allow for their removal.

− The dangers faced by the 'Patrol Service' ensured that it lost more vessels than any other branch of the Royal Navy during the Second World War with 2385 lives lost.[16] Grimsby’s Royal Naval Patrol Service veterans financed the construction of a memorial beside the Dock Tower to ensure that the bravery and sacrifice of their comrades is never forgotten.[16][17]

HMS Grimsby is a Sandown class minehunter (commissioned in 1999) currently in service in the Royal Navy.

On 14 June 1943, an early morning air raid by the Luftwaffe dropped several 1,000 kg bombs, 6,000 incendiary bombs and more than 3,000 Butterfly Bombs in the Grimsby area.[18] Second World War bombing raids in Grimsby and Cleethorpes killed a total of 196 persons, 99 that night. In addition 184 people were seriously injured.[18] The Butterfly Bombs, which littered the area, hampered fire-fighting crews trying to reach locations damaged by the incendiary bombs. The search for recovery of bodies continued for a month after the raid.[18]

Post Second World War

Following the pressures placed on the industry during the Cod Wars, many Grimsby firms decided to cease trawling operations from the town. The sudden demise of the Grimsby fishing industry brought an end to a way of life and community that had lasted for generations. Huge numbers of men became redundant, highly skilled in jobs that no longer existed, and they struggled to find work ashore. As with the Ross Group, some firms concentrated on expanding industries within the town, such as food processing.

Grimsby's trawling days are remembered through the artefacts and permanent exhibits at the town's Fishing Heritage Centre. The preserved 1950s trawler, Ross Tiger, is located here. Few fishing vessels still operate from Grimsby's docks, but the town maintains a substantial fish market important in Europe.[19]

Since the mid-1980s, the former Humber ferry, PS Lincoln Castle, has been moored in Alexandra Dock. She was used during this time as a pub\restaurant. Although her design and status as Britain's last coal-fired paddle steamer was unique, these operations no longer yielded a profit, and the ship was broken up in 2010.[20] Berthed in the Alexandra Dock is the Ross Tiger, the last survivor of what was once the world's largest fleet of sidewinder trawlers.[21]

The town was described in The Daily Telegraph in 2001 as a town "subjected to...many crude developments over the past 30-odd years" and as a town which "seemingly shuns the notion of heritage".[22] Redevelopment was planned as part of Yorkshire Forward's Renaissance Towns Programme;[citation needed] however Yorkshire Forward was abolished in 2012.

In the early part of the 21st century the town faced the challenges of a post-industrial economy that was also affected by a decline in the fishing industry: the East Marsh ward of the town is the second most deprived in the country, according to the governmental statistics.[23]

Governance

Since 1977 Austin Mitchell (Labour) has been the Member of Parliament for the Great Grimsby constituency. This is generally considered a Labour stronghold although Austin Mitchell only narrowly held the seat in the 1983 and 2010 general elections, both times with a majority under 800.[24][25]

Great Grimsby
Grimsby town hall
Grimsby town hall
HumbersideGreatGrimsby.png
Great Grimsby as a Borough of Humberside
Area
 - 1911 2,868 acres (11.61 km2)
 - 1961 5,881 acres (23.80 km2)
History
 - Created 1835
 - Abolished 1996
 - Succeeded by North East Lincolnshire
Status Town Charter Granted 1201
Municipal Borough (1835–1889)
County Borough (1889–1974)
Borough (1974–1996)
 - HQ Grimsby
Grimsbycoat.jpg
Arms of Great Grimsby Borough Council

Great Grimsby formed an ancient Borough in the North Riding of Lindsey.[26] It was reformed by the Municipal Corporations Act 1835 and became a Municipal Borough in that year.[27] In 1889 a County Council was created for Lindsey, but Great Grimsby was outside its area of control and formed an independent County Borough in 1891.[27] The Borough expanded to absorb the adjacent hamlet of Wellow (1889), also the neighbouring parishes of Clee-with-Weelsby (1889), Little Coates (1928), Scartho (1928), Weelsby (1928) and Great Coates (1968). It had its own police force until 1967 when it merged with the Lincolnshire force.[28]

In 1974, the County Borough was abolished[27] and Great Grimsby was reconstituted (with the same boundaries) as the Grimsby non-metropolitan district in the new county of Humberside by the Local Government Act 1972. The district was renamed Great Grimsby in 1979. Local government in the area came under the review of the Local Government Commission for England and Humberside was abolished in 1996. The former area of the Great Grimsby district merged with that of Cleethorpes to form the unitary authority of North East Lincolnshire.[29] The town does not have its own town council, instead there is a board of Charter Trustees. During 2007, in the struggle for identity, it was suggested that the district could be renamed to something like Great Grimsby and Cleethorpes to give a stronger indication of the towns the district consists of. This did not meet with favour among local residents, and the Council Leader dropped the idea a year later.[30]

Council Wards North East Lincolnshire Council has eight Council Wards within the area of Grimsby.

  • Freshney Ward
  • Heneage Ward
  • Scartho Ward
  • South Ward
  • East Marsh Ward
  • Park Ward
  • West Marsh Ward
  • Yarborough Ward

Economy

Grimsby docks and fish market

The main sectors of the Grimsby economy are ports and logistics; food processing, specifically frozen foods and fish processing. To the east Cleethorpes has a tourist industry, and to the west, along the Humber bank to Immingham is large scale industrial activity, established from the 1950s onwards, focused on chemicals, and more recently (1990s) gas power electrical generation.

Food industry

Grimsby is strongly linked with the sea fishing industry, which once generated wealth for the town. At its peak in the 1950s, it was the largest and busiest fishing port in the world.[31] As a result of the Cod Wars with Iceland, this industry has been in decline for many years. In 1970 around 400 trawlers were based in the port, by 2013 only 5 trawlers remain based there. By comparison, 15 vessels are used to maintain offshore wind farms in the North Sea.[23] The town still has the largest fish market in the UK, but most of what is sold is now brought overland from other ports or Iceland via containerisation. Of the 18,000 tonnes of fresh fish sold in Grimsby fish market in 2012, almost 13,000 tonnes, mainly cod and haddock, came from Iceland.[23]

Today, Greater Grimsby is home to around 500 food-related companies, giving it one of the largest concentrations of food manufacturing, research, storage, and distribution in Europe. The local council has promoted the city as Europe's Food Town for nearly twenty years.[32]

Grimsby is recognised as the main centre of the UK fish-processing industry; 70% of the UK's fish processing industry is located there.[23] In recent years, this expertise has led to diversification into all forms of frozen and chilled foods. The town is one of the largest centres of fish processing in Europe. More than 100 local companies are involved in fresh and frozen fish production, the largest of which is the Findus Group (see Lion Capital LLP), comprising Young's Seafood and Findus. Its corporate headquarters are in the town. Young's is a major employer in the area, with some 2,500 people based at its headquarters. From this base, Young’s has a global sourcing operation supplying 60 species from 30 countries.[33]

Traditional Grimsby smoked fish has been awarded a Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) in 2009 by the European Union. The traditional process uses overnight cold smoking using sawdust in tall chimenys, roughly 1 by 2 metres (3 ft 3 in by 6 ft 7 in) square and 10m high.[34]

Other major seafood companies include the Icelandic-owned Coldwater Seafood,[35] employing more than 700 people across its sites in Grimsby; and Five Star Fish,[36] a supplier of fish products to the UK foodservice market. The £5.6 million Humber Seafood Institute[37] opened in 2008 and is the first of its kind in the UK. Backed by Yorkshire Forward, North East Lincolnshire Council, and the European Regional Development Fund, the HSI is managed by the local council. Tenants include the Seafish Industry Authority and Grimsby Institute and University Centre. Greater Grimsby is a European centre of excellence in the production of chilled prepared meals, and the area has the largest concentration of cold-storage facilities in Europe.[38]

Ports

The Port of Grimsby and Immingham[disputed ] is the UK’s largest port by tonnage.[39] Its prime deep-water location on the Humber Estuary, one of Europe’s busiest trade routes, gives companies direct access to mainland Europe and beyond.

Retail

Freshney Place

The award-winning Freshney Place Shopping Centre[40] in the heart of the town boasts over 70 stores, including Marks and Spencer, House of Fraser, and BHS. Constructed between 1967 and 1971 in a joint venture between the old Grimsby Borough Council and developers Hammerson's UK Ltd., it was known as the Riverhead Centre (so named as the development was adjacent to where the two local rivers, the Freshney and the Haven, meet). Victoria Street is the main shopping street.

The Riverhead Centre development caused some controversy as it replaced old architecture with new, as was typical in the 1960s. It demolished much of the old town centre, including the historic Bull Ring (which is now where Wilkinson's, the Halifax Bank and the St James Hotel are based), and streets going back many centuries, including Flottergate (located at the present day entrance to Freshney Place between British Home Stores and the market), Brewery Street (located at the present-day entrance to Freshney Place between Barclays and the offices of the Cheltenham and Gloucester), and East St Mary's Gate (no trace remains). During this reconstruction, the ornate Victorian branch of the Midland Bank was demolished; a building of contemporary design was incorporated into the new shopping centre. In 1985 Marks and Spencer purchased the local department store Lawsons and Stockdale, whose frontage ran along Victoria Street; they demolished the building and constructed a new store, linked to the centre.[citation needed]

In 1990 the council agreed to sell the surface parking area around the shopping centre to Hammerson's UK Ltd. The development owner and Humberside County Council, the highway authority, agreed to the sale of the area of Baxtergate, the road which ran to the rear of the shopping centre, between the shopping centre and the surface car park. Baxtergate was relocated alongside the River Freshney and became phase one of the Peaks Parkway.

Hammerson's UK Ltd began a £100 million redevelopment of the retail centre, doubling it in size. The expanded centre was covered in a glass roof. Two multi-storey car parks were constructed at each end of the centre; with this development, the old Top Town area of Grimsby was effectively privatised and roofed over. Stores are serviced at the first floor by ramps at the western end, which can accommodate even large vehicles. The ramp also provides access to the car park on the roof of the indoor market, which is operated by the local council. Freshney Place won a design commendation in the Refurbishment Category of the 1993 BCSC awards.[41]

Morrisons at Laceby

Other developments near the town centre include a new Tesco Extra (the second in the area); the Victoria Mills Retail Park off the Peaks Parkway A16, which is home to several chain stores, including Next and a B&Q Depot.

Shopping in Grimsby

Unlike towns where shopping was built on the outskirts, these (and similar developments) were constructed in and around Grimsby's town centre. This keeps shopping in a compact area, making it easier for pedestrians and public transport users. Other major retailers include the supermarket chains Tesco, Marks & Spencers, Sainsbury's, Asda on Holles Street and Morrisons. The Morrisons store is located just outside the town boundary, in the parish of Laceby. It is known as Morrisons Cleethorpes. This anomalous name is derived from the period when the area was part of the now defunct Cleethorpes Borough. Most major supermarkets have expanded in the early 21st century, including Asda, and Tesco at Hewitts Circus (this store is technically in the neighbouring conurbation, Cleethorpes).

Numerous local, independent stores operate in town, several at the Abbeygate Centre (off Bethlehem Street). Formerly the head office of local brewers, Hewitt Brothers, the building was renovated in the mid-1980s and is home to a number of restaurants and designer clothing stores. The town also has two markets, one next to Freshney Place and the other in Freeman Street (B1213). This was a dominant shopping area with close connections to the docks, but industry and demographic changes have caused it to struggle since the late 1970s.

In March 2007, Henry Boot properties announced a new £30 million shopping development adjacent to the existing Freshney Place site. The project will create 150,000 square feet (14,000 m2) of retail space and 290-car parking places on land between the River Freshney and Sainsbury's, presently occupied by the former Travis Perkins builders' merchants. As of November 2011 no work has commenced on the proposed development.

A further retail development is planned alongside the planned new stadium for Grimsby Town FC at Great Coates adjacent to the A180, scheduled for completion in mid-2010. As of November 2011 no work has commenced on the proposed development.

Such is the quality of shopping in the area that bus services bring in shoppers from across Lincolnshire, especially from smaller towns such as Louth,[42] Brigg, and Scunthorpe.[43]

Flood sirens

The River Freshney, which flooded in 2007

The Environment Agency has awarded Sheffield-based telemetry company CSE Seprol a contract to supply flood warning devices for risk areas in East Anglia. The 18 sirens, at various locations around the flood risk area of Grimsby and Cleethorpes, should reach 25,500 households to warn of portending floods. The sirens will be sounded only in the event of the Environment Agency issuing a severe flood warning for tidal flooding, or if there is a likelihood of the sea defences being breached. The sirens make a variety of sounds, from the traditional wailing sound to a voice message.

Notable places of interest and landmarks

Grimsby is the site of a Blue Cross Animal Hospital, one of only four in the country; the other three are situated in London. The Grimsby hospital was previously in Cleethorpe Road, but in 2005 it moved to a new building called 'Coco Markus House' in Nelson Street.

Education

Grimsby Institute and University Centre Grimsby

There are numerous primary schools in Grimsby. Secondary schools in Grimsby include Havelock Academy, Oasis Academy Wintringham and Ormiston Maritime Academy. Many pupils from the town also attend secondary education institutions in Cleethorpes, Healing, Humberston and Waltham, and further afield Caistor Grammar. Independent schools in Grimsby include St James' School and St Martin's Preparatory School.

Franklin College is a sixth form college located in Grimsby, while the Grimsby Institute offers further and higher education courses mostly for vocational courses, the Institute achieves respectable examination results at all levels of adult education.[45] The Institute has over recent years attracted a sizeable number of Chinese students to study business studies courses.[45]

Entertainment

The Grimsby Auditorium

Aside from the nightclubs in nearby Cleethorpes, the town centre has undergone a renaissance in the last decade.[when?] A number of national pub chains have redeveloped or opened new outlets, including a specially-built complex at the Riverhead which is home to three (originally five) such operations. Prior to the late 1960s many public houses in the area were owned by the local brewer Hewitt Brothers and gave a distinctive local touch but following a takeover in 1969 by the brewer Bass-Charrington these have been re-badged (many times), closed or sold off.[citation needed]

Musical entertainment is found at the Grimsby Auditorium, built in 1995, on Cromwell Road in Yarborough near Grimsby Leisure Centre. The smaller Caxton Theatre is on Cleethorpe Road (A180) in East Marsh near the docks. The Caxton Theatre provides entertainment by adults and youths in theatre. A notable theatre company in the area is the Class Act Theatre Company run by local playwright David Wrightam..

North East Lincolnshire Council has installed a Wi-Fi network covering Victoria Street in central Grimsby. The service provides access to the Internet for the general public on a yearly subscription.

Transport

Buses

Grimsby's bus service is provided by Stagecoach which took over the original Grimsby-Cleethorpes Transport in 1993. Grimsby-Cleethorpes Transport had been formed in 1957, with the merger of the previously separate Grimsby and Cleethorpes transport (GCT) undertakings. Stagecoach had all the buses resprayed to their standard livery to replace the buses previous colour-scheme of orange and white. Prior to this, the buses were painted blue and white until 1981, when the colours were changed to caramel and cream. The orange and white livery was introduced in 1987. Until 1982 GCT ran a mixture of crewed and one-person operated services.[citation needed] However, in that year the job of conductor was abolished and the company changed entirely to driver-only services.

In 2005, Stagecoach bought out Lincolnshire Road Car, who provided buses to Killingholme, Louth, Barton-upon-Humber and the Willows Estate. The company is now known as Stagecoach in Lincolnshire. Joint ticketing was allowed with Stagecoach Grimsby-Cleethorpes from May 2006.[citation needed]

From September 2006, a new fleet of low-floor single-decker was introduced, making the fleet an unprecedented 85% low-floor.[citation needed]

Railways

Grimsby also has rail links via Grimsby Town railway station and Grimsby Docks railway station. There is a level crossing in the centre of the town across Wellowgate. TransPennine Express provide direct trains to Manchester Airport via Doncaster and Sheffield whilst Northern Rail operate services to Barton-upon-Humber (for buses to Hull) and a Saturday only service to Sheffield via. Retford. Lincoln and Newark are served by East Midlands Trains services which can go on to Nottingham on Sunday in the Summer months. The service to Cleethorpes runs at least hourly during the day, along a single track, passing stations at Grimsby Docks and New Clee.

Former trams

Grimsby was home to two tramway networks: the Grimsby District Light Railway and the Grimsby & Immingham Electric Railway. The Grimsby Electric was a normal gauge tramway opened in 1912 between Corporation Bridge at Grimsby and Immingham. There was no physical connection with the railway system. The tramway served the town with a passenger service between Grimsby and Immingham until closure in 1961. It is claimed that once this was controlled by the Corporation, they were more interested in supporting the motorbus service, now number 45.

The Grimsby Light Railway opened in 1881 using horse-drawn trams. In 1901, these were replaced with electric tramways.[citation needed] In 1925 the Grimsby Transport Company bought the tramway company and in 1927 moved the depot to the Victoria Street Depot, an old sea plane hangar.[citation needed] This system closed in 1937. The depot continues to be used by Stagecoach, though the old Grimsby Tramways livery is still visible on the front of the building.

Operating in the area until the 1950s was a network of electrically operated trolley buses which received their power from overhead power lines.[citation needed]

Airport

14 miles (23 km) west of Grimsby is Humberside Airport, which mainly caters for charter holidays, and is popular for general aviation, with five flying clubs based there.

Media

The Grimsby Telegraph, with an audited circulation of 40,533 copies (January – June 2004), has the highest circulation of a local newspaper in Grimsby and the surrounding area since it is the only daily newspaper. Its headquarters are on Cleethorpe Road next to the A180. The local radio stations are BBC Radio Humberside (which has a studio on Victoria Street manned by Lara King), Lincs FM, Viking FM and the exclusively North East Lincolnshire-based Compass FM. The transmitter for Compass FM and EMAP Humberside (Lincs FM DAB) is on top of a block of flats in East Marsh. Terrestrial television coverage based in the area are the BBC who share the radio facilities on Victoria Street and ITV Yorkshire who have a news unit based in Immingham. Channel 7 Television is a satellite and cable-based station which has studios in Immingham and the Grimsby Institute.

Grimsby in the media

  • Grimsby is an upcoming comedy film starring Sacha Baron Cohen and Mark Strong. It is scheduled to be released by Columbia Pictures in 2015.

Sport

Football

Blundell Park

The football team is Grimsby Town F.C., nicknamed 'The Mariners', who play in the Football Conference. Their ground is Blundell Park in Cleethorpes. Due to the club's football grounds being in the neighbouring town it is often joked by locals that it is the only British club that plays away every game. It is the oldest professional football team in the county of Lincolnshire (indeed one of the oldest in the country being formed in 1878 as Grimsby Pelham with a home ground on land off Ainslie Street, Grimsby).

During the 1930s they played in the English First Division, the then highest level of the domestic game in England. They also appeared in two FA Cup semi-finals in this decade, in 1936 (against Arsenal) and 1939 (against Wolverhampton Wanderers). The latter semi-final was held at Old Trafford, Manchester, and the attendance (76,962) is still a record for that stadium.

Grimsby Town were relegated on 7 May 2010 to the Football Conference, losing their proud status as a league club.

They also reached an FA Cup quarter-final 1987 and in 1998 won the Auto Windscreens Shield and the second division play-off final. Notable former managers include Bill Shankly and Lawrie McMenemy.

Blundell Park has the oldest stand in English professional football, the Main Stand. It was first opened in 1899 although only the present-day foundations date from this time. There have been plans to relocate the club to a new stadium, including the one in 2012 to move to land at the side of the Peaks Parkway in Grimsby.[47]

Grimsby Borough F.C. is a football club established in 2003 and based in Grimsby. They are members of the Northern Counties East League Division One.

Other sports

An ice hockey club has been based in Grimsby since 1936.[citation needed] The current club has teams playing at different levels throughout the English Ice Hockey Association structure, all under the name of the Grimsby Red Wings. In 2009 the club added a Sledge Hockey team to ensure that it was able to offer a fully inclusive sport to the NE Lincolnshire area.

The area has an amateur rugby union side, the Grimsby RUFC, and an amateur cricket side, the Grimsby Town Cricket Club, both of which attract reasonable levels of support.

Tennis teams from local clubs have been successful in various inter-County competitions with the Men's Team from Grimsby Tennis Centre winning the Lincolnshire Doubles League again in 2005. Tennis players from the town represent the County on a regular basis at all age levels.

Grimsby Tennis Centre underwent a major redevelopment of facilities in 2005 and is now entirely accessible to the disabled.

The town had one of the largest table tennis leagues in the country[48] with over 120 teams competing during the 1970s, but, like the game of squash, the sport has declined in the town during recent years.

Notable people

Grimbarians (natives of Grimsby) were mainly born at the former Grimsby Maternity Hospital in Second Avenue, Nunsthorpe, Grimsby. Many Grimbarians were born at the now defunct Croft Baker Maternity Hospital in nearby Cleethorpes. Those born and/or brought up in the area include:

People with a connection to the town

  • John Hurt (born 1940) – actor, spent his formative years in the town while his father was a minister at St Aidan, Cleethorpes.
  • Norman Lamont (born 1942), Conservative MP and former Chancellor of the Exchequer, was brought up in the town
  • David Ross – businessman, co-founder of Carphone Warehouse was brought up in the town.
  • Ernest Worrall (1898–1972), painter known for works depicting Grimsby during the Second World War, lived in the town from 1932 until the 1960s.[55]

Twin cities

Grimsby's twin cities include:

  • Tromsø, Norway, since 1961
  • Bremerhaven, Germany, since February 1963
  • Banjul, The Gambia
  • Dieppe, France
  • Akureyri, Iceland. In 2007, a friendship and fisheries agreement was signed with Akureyri which according to Ice News, might lead to a twin cities designation in the future.[56]

As a port with extensive trading ties to Continental Europe, the Nordic nations and Baltic Europe,[57] the town plays host to honorary consulates of Denmark,[58] Iceland,[59] and Norway.[60] Swedish and Finnish honorary consulates are located in Immingham,[61][62] and that of Germany at Barrow-upon-Humber.[63]

The people of Norway send a tree to the town of Grimsby every Christmas since the end of the Second World War. The Norwegian city of Trondheim sent a tree for 40 years until 2003, since then the tree has been donated by the northern Norwegian town of Sortland, and placed in the town's Riverhead Square.[64][65][66][67] During redevelopment of Riverhead Square the tree was placed in the Old Market Place in 2013.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Great Grimsby Day". BBC. 
  2. ^ "Scunthorpe United midfielder Matt Sparrow tweets 'codheads' jibe ahead of FA Cup showdown with Grimsby Town". 29 October 2013. 
  3. ^ "'Codheads' and non-league opposition - FA Cup banter begins ahead of Scunthorpe United's date with Grimsby Town". www.scunthorpetelegraph.co.uk. 28 October 2013. 
  4. ^ Riach, James (8 November 2013). "FA Cup first round: Grimsby face bitter rivals … live on al-Jazeera". www.theguardian.com. 
  5. ^ Parrot, John (15 July 2014). "Grimsby, grimness and Penelope Cruz". hefilmreview.com. 
  6. ^ Top 10 of Britain. Hamlyn. 2009. British Denomyms. ISBN 978-0-60062-251-2. 
  7. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Urban Areas : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population Retrieved 26 August 2009
  8. ^ "Grim's legend stands firm as historic tale". Grimsby Telegraph. 30 December 2008. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  9. ^ Grimnir's Sayings (verses 46,49), The Poetic Edda
  10. ^ Mysterious Britain, Janet and Colin Bord, (1972) Garnstone Press Ltd., p. 88
  11. ^ Shaw, George. Old Grimsby. Wellowgate Publications Ltd. p. 136. ISBN 978-1-4092-3671-9. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  12. ^ Gerrish, Dr. Margaret. "Following the Fish to Grimsby" (PDF). University of Hull. Retrieved 11 August 2010. [dead link]
  13. ^ a b Leslie Herman, Grimsby Fish Docks Centenary, 1956
  14. ^ "Grimsby", Enjoy England
  15. ^ [1][dead link]
  16. ^ a b Brown, Jimmy, Harry Tate's Navy – One Man's Story of the Royal Naval Patrol Service, 1994
  17. ^ "Honour our heroes of the ocean". Grimsby Telegraph. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  18. ^ a b c "Grimsby's most horrific night". Grimsby Telegraph. 8 January 2011. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  19. ^ "Grimsby Fish Market". www.grimsbyfishmarket.co.uk. 
  20. ^ "PS Lincoln Castle, North East Lincolnshire". www.theheritagetrail.co.uk. 
  21. ^ Cooke, Jeremy (23 March 2009). "Grimsby gains from Iceland's woes". BBC News. 
  22. ^ Williams, Geoffrey (5 May 2001). "Great drives: The A16 from Stamford to Grimsby and Cleethorpes". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  23. ^ a b c d Townsend, Mark (26 January 2013). "Environment Fishing How climate change spells disaster for UK fish industry". The Observer. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  24. ^ Great Grimsby (UK Parliament constituency)#Elections in the 1980s
  25. ^ Great Grimsby (UK Parliament constituency)#Elections in the 2010s
  26. ^ Vision of Britain – Great Grimsby
  27. ^ a b c Vision of Britain – Grimsby MB/CB (historic map)
  28. ^ A History of the Lincolnshire Branch – Chapter One – The First Ten Years[dead link]
  29. ^ The Humberside (Structural Change) Order 1995 SI 1995/600
  30. ^ North East Lincolnshire Council – Council to consult on possible name change[dead link]
  31. ^ Cooke, Jeremy (23 March 2009). "Grimsby gains from Iceland's woes". BBC News. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 
  32. ^ North East Lincolnshire Council, "Regeneration Strategy 2006–2022" http://www.nelincs.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/5EE4CA3B-2A6E-4695-9FA9-3045AECDE78E/0/newhorizons.pdf[dead link]
  33. ^ "Youngs Seafood", website
  34. ^ "The Grimsby Traditional Fish Smokers Group". gtfsgroup.co.uk. About, Smoking Method. 
  35. ^ "Icelandic". Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  36. ^ "Five Star Fish :: Passionate About Seafood". Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  37. ^ [2][dead link]
  38. ^ "The UK's food production capital uncovered". www.foodproductiondaily.com. 7 June 2004. 
  39. ^ http://www.lloydslist.com/ll/news/grimsby-and-immingham-remains-uks-largest-port/1203082509213.htm;jsessionid=209CE0EABAC613A470AF18362940C606[dead link]
  40. ^ RoSPA Silver Award[dead link]
  41. ^ https://www.bdp.com/Documents/Publications/Places%20for%20Shopping%20by%20BDP.pdf
  42. ^ http://www.stagecoachbus.com/GetUpload.ashx?Id=375[dead link]
  43. ^ http://www.stagecoachbus.com/GetUpload.ashx?Id=2574[dead link]
  44. ^ "Fishermen's Memorial, Grimsby". www.hodsonarchitects.com. 
  45. ^ a b "Assessment of the status, development and diversification of fisheries-dependent communities: Grimsby Case study report". European Commission. July 2010. 
  46. ^ "Fiveway Films' 'Dead Lies' movie to be shot in Grimsby and Lincoln", Fiveway Films website
  47. ^ "Retail store included in new Grimsby Town stadium plans". Grimsby Telegraph. 18 July 2012. 
  48. ^ Grimsby & District Table Tennis League
  49. ^ "Brenda Ready To Swim Anything Provided It's Made Worthwhile"; The Montreal Gazette, 15 August 1956. Retrieved 11 June 2012
  50. ^ "60 years on, record-breaker Brenda recalls her race to British shores"; Grimsby Telegraph, 16 August 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2012
  51. ^ "Brenda Fisher"; Solo Swims of Ontario Inc. Hall of Fame. Retrieved 11 June 2012
  52. ^ "Ian Huntley: The Soham Murderer". Crime and Investigation. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  53. ^ "Soaps – News – 'Doctors' gains new GP and practice nurse – Digital Spy". Digital Spy. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  54. ^ "The England Team Commonwealth Games, Delhi 2010". Sporting Life. Archived from the original on 25 October 2011. 
  55. ^ "Ernest Worrall – artist who chronicled Grimsby at war". Grimsby Telegraph. 15 October 2008. 
  56. ^ "Fish friendship between Grimsby and Akureyri". IceNews Daily News. 19 September 2007. 
  57. ^ "Grimsby & Immingham". ABP Ports. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  58. ^ "Danish Consulates and Vice-Consulates in the UK". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  59. ^ "Consulates". Embassy of Iceland London. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  60. ^ "Consulates in the UK". Norway.org.uk. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  61. ^ "Swedish Consulates". The Embassy of Sweden, United Kingdom. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  62. ^ "Contact information: Honorary Consulate of Finland, Immingham & Grimsby". Embassy of Finland, London. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  63. ^ "Honorary Consuls of the Federal Republic of Germany in the United Kingdom". Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany, London. Retrieved 4 July 2013. 
  64. ^ "Christmas tree arrives from Norway after six-day trip across North Sea". Grimsby Telegraph. 16 November 2010. 
  65. ^ "Christmas arrives in Grimsby as festive tree arrives from Scandinavia". Grimsby Telegraph. 16 November 2011. 
  66. ^ "Video: 35ft Christmas tree arrives at Grimsby Docks from Norway bound for the Riverhead". Grimsby Telegraph. 15 November 2012. 
  67. ^ "Grimsby-grana på vei". Bladet Vesterålen (in Norwegian). 4 November 2013. 

External links