Grimsby-class sloop

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
HMAS Swan in 1945
HMAS Swan in 1945
Class overview
Operators:  Royal Navy (8)
 Royal Australian Navy (4)
United Kingdom Royal Indian Navy (1)
Cost: £220,000 for Australian ships
Built: 1933–1940
In commission: 1934–1966
Completed: 13
Lost: 4
Preserved: 1
General characteristics RN Ships[1]
Displacement: RN ships :
990 long tons (1,006 t) standard
1,480–1,510 long tons (1,504–1,534 t)
Length: 266 ft 3 in (81.15 m) o/a
Beam: 36 ft (11.0 m)
Draught: RN ships : 9 ft 11 in (3.02 m) – 10 ft 1 in (3.07 m)
Propulsion: Parsons geared steam turbines
2 Admiralty 3-drum water-tube boilers
2 shafts
2,000 shp (1,500 kW)
Speed: 16.5 knots (19.0 mph; 30.6 km/h)
Complement: 100
Armament: 2 × 4.7 in (120 mm) Mark IX guns

1 × QF 3 inch 20 cwt anti-aircraft gun

4 × 3-pounder guns

With the realisation that war was approaching, the 13 Grimsby-class sloops were laid down in the mid- to late-1930s. Of these eight were built in the United Kingdom for the Royal Navy, four in Australia for the Royal Australian Navy and one for India. Armament varied considerably between ships with the four Australian ships being similar to HMS Deptford but armed with an additional 4-inch (100 mm) gun.

Losses during World War II were Grimsby, Yarra and Parramatta. Some survivors of this class served into the 1960s.

Design[edit]

The Royal Navy started to build replacements for the Flower-class and Hunt-class sloops of the First World War, when the two sloops of the Bridgewater class were laid down, with the similar four-ship Hastings class laid down in 1929 and the eight ships of the Shoreham class being laid down in 1929–31. All of these ships were designed to combine the convoy-escort role of the Flower-class with the minesweeping duties of the Hunt class, being fitted with equipment for both roles. By 1932, however, it became clear that what was needed was ships dedicated to a single role. Development therefore began of the Halcyon-class minesweepers as a cheaper mass-production minesweeper, while a new class of sloops would be built that was more closely matched to the escort role.[2][3]

The new class of escort sloops, the Grimsby class, had a heavier gun armament than its predecessors, with two 4.7 inch (120 mm) Mark IX guns mounted fore and aft replacing the 4-inch (102 mm) guns of the earlier ships. As the 4.7 inch guns were low-angle guns, not suited to anti aircraft use, a single QF 3 inch 20 cwt anti-aircraft gun was mounted in "B" position. Four 3-pounder saluting guns completed the ships' gun armament.[1][4] The ship was powered by two geared steam turbine driving two shafts, fed by two Admiralty 3-drum boilers. This machinery produced 2,000 shaft horsepower (1,500 kW) and could propel the ships to a speed of 16.5 knots (30.6 km/h; 19.0 mph).[1]

Eight ships of the class were built for the Royal Navy, being laid down between 1933 and 1935 and completing between 1934 and 1936. The last two ships built for the Royal Navy, HMS Aberdeen and HMS Fleetwood had differing armaments, with Aberdeen replacing the 4.7 and 3-inch guns with two 4 inch anti-aircraft guns, and adding a quadruple .50 inch anti-aircraft machine gun mount, while Fleetwood had a main gun armament of two twin four inch anti-aircraft mounts, with close-in anti-aircraft armament of four .50 in machine guns.[5]

The Royal Australian Navy also adopted the Grimsby class, with two ships being laid down in 1934–35 and completed in 1935–36, with two more ships laid down in 1938–39 and completed in 1940. The first two ships were armed with three single 4-inch anti-aircraft guns, while the third and fourth ships having one twin and one-single 4-inch mount, with close in armament a quadruple machine gun mount in all four ships.[6]

The armament of most of the class was reinforced during the Second World War, with several gaining additional 4-inch guns, with the close in anti aircraft armament being supplemented by the addition of Oerlikon 20 mm cannon. The ships' depth charge complement increased from 15 at the start of the war to 40 for Australian ships and 90 for Royal Navy Ships, while several ships were also refitting with a Hedgehog anti-submarine projector.[1]

Ships[edit]

Name Builder Ordered Laid down Launched Commissioned Fate
Royal Navy
Group 1
Grimsby HM Dockyard, Devonport 1 November 1932[7] 23 January 1933[5] 19 July 1933[5] 17 May 1934[5] Sunk in air attack by Italian and German dive bombers off Tobruk, 25 May 1941[8][9]
Leith HM Dockyard, Devonport 1 November 1932[7] 6 February 1933[5] 9 September 1933[5] 12 July 1934[5] Sold into mercantile service, 25 November 1946
Royal Danish Navy survey ship Galathea 1949
Scrapped 1955[10]
Lowestoft HM Dockyard, Devonport 1 May 1933[7] 21 August 1933[5] 11 April 1934[5] 22 November 1934[5] Sold into mercantile service, 1946
Scrapped 1955[11]
Wellington HM Dockyard, Devonport 1 May 1933[7] 25 September 1933[5] 29 May 1934[5] 24 January 1935[5] Sold to Honourable Company of Master Mariners as Headquarters, 1947[12]
Londonderry HM Dockyard, Devonport 1 March 1934[7] 11 June 1934[5] 16 January 1935[5] 20 September 1935[5] Broken up at Llanelly, 1948[13]
Deptford HM Dockyard, Chatham 1 May 1933[14] 30 April 1934[5] 5 February 1935[5] 20 August 1935[5] Broken up at Milford Haven, 1948[15]
Group 2
Aberdeen HM Dockyard, Devonport 1 March 1935[7] 12 June 1935[5] 22 January 1936[5] 17 September 1936[5] Broken up at Hayle, 1949[16]
Fleetwood HM Dockyard, Devonport 1 March 1935[7] 14 August 1935[5] 24 March 1936[5] 19 November 1936[5] Broken up at Gateshead, 1959[17]
Royal Australian Navy
Yarra Cockatoo Island Dockyard, Sydney 22 December 1933[18] 24 May 1934[6] 28 March 1935[6] 19 December 1935[6] Sunk in surface action off Java, 4 March 1942[19]
Swan Cockatoo Island Dockyard, Sydney 2 January 1935[18] 1 May 1935[6] 28 March 1936[6] 10 December 1936[6] Broken up at Sydney, 1964[20]
Parramatta Cockatoo Island Dockyard, Sydney July 1938[citation needed] 9 November 1938[6] 18 June 1939[6] 8 April 1940[6] Sunk in torpedo attack off Tobruk, 27 November 1941[20]
Warrego Cockatoo Island Dockyard, Sydney December 1938[citation needed] 10 May 1939[6] 10 February 1940[6] 21 August 1940[6] Broken up at Sydney, 1965[21]
Royal Indian Navy
Indus Hawthorn Leslie and Company, Hebburn 14 August 1933[18] 8 December 1933[19] 24 August 1934[19] 15 March 1935[19] Sunk in air attack off Akyab, 6 April 1942[22]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Gardiner & Chesneau 1980, p. 56
  2. ^ Gardiner & Chesneau 1980, pp. 55–56
  3. ^ Hague 1993, pp. 10–13
  4. ^ Hague 1993, p. 13
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Hague 1993, p. 42
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Hague 1993, p. 55
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Hague 1993, p. 6
  8. ^ Hague 1993, pp. 47-48
  9. ^ Shores et al. 2012, p. 199
  10. ^ Hague 1993, pp. 50-51
  11. ^ Hague 1993, pp. 52-53
  12. ^ Hague 1993, pp. 53-55
  13. ^ Hague 1993, pp. 51-52
  14. ^ Mason, Geoffrey P. (2005). "HMS Deptford (L 53) - Grimsby-class Sloop". Service Histories of Royal Navy Warships in World War 2. Naval-History.net. Retrieved 22 November 2014. 
  15. ^ Hague 1993, pp. 45
  16. ^ Hague 1993, pp. 43-44
  17. ^ Hague 1993, pp. 46-47
  18. ^ a b c Friedman 2008, p. 332
  19. ^ a b c d Hague 1993, p. 60
  20. ^ a b Hague 1993, p. 56
  21. ^ Hague 1993, p. 58
  22. ^ Hague 1993, p. 61

References[edit]

  • Friedman, Norman (2008). British Destroyers and Frigates: The Second World War and After. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-015-4. 
  • Gardiner, Robert; Chesneau, Roger (1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1922-1946. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7. 
  • Gillet, Ross (1977). Warships of Australia. Graham, Colin (illus.). Adelaide, Australia: Rigby Limited. ISBN 0-7270-0472-7. 
  • Hague, Arnold (1993). Sloops: A History of the 71 Sloops Built in Britain and Australia for the British, Australian and Indian Navies 1926–1946. Kendal, England: World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-67-3. 
  • Lenton, H T (1998). British and Empire Warships of the Second World War. London: Greenhill Books. ISBN 1-85367-277-7. 
  • Shores, Christopher; Massimello, Giovanni; Guest, Russell (2012). A History of the Mediterranean Air War 1940–1945: Volume One: North Africa: June 1940 – January 1942. London: Grub Street. ISBN 978-1-908117-07-6. 

External links[edit]