Grindavík

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Grindavík
Municipality
Grindavík
Grindavík
Coat of arms of Grindavík
Coat of arms
Location of the Municipality of Grindavík
Location of the Municipality of Grindavík
Grindavík is located in Iceland
Grindavík
Grindavík
Location of Grindavík in Iceland
Coordinates: 63°50′N 22°26′W / 63.833°N 22.433°W / 63.833; -22.433
Country  Iceland
Constituency Southwest
Area
 • Total 164 sq mi (425 km2)
Population (2011)
 • Total 2,821
 • Density 16.8/sq mi (6.49/km2)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
Post Code 240
Website Official website
Grindavík from the air.

Grindavík is a fishing town at the peninsula of Reykjanes at the south-western coast of Iceland.

It is one of the few cities with a harbour at this coast. Most of the 2,800 inhabitants work in the fishing industry. The Blue Lagoon, Grindavík's premiere attraction, is located 3 miles (4.8 km) from the town centre.

History[edit]

Landnáma or The Book of Settlements mentions that around 934 two Viking settlers, Molda-Gnúpur Hrólfsson and Þórir Haustmyrkur Vígbjóðsson, arrived in the Reykjanes area. Þórir settled in Selvogur, and Krísuvík and Molda-Gnúpur in Grindavík.[1]

The sons of Moldar-Gnúpur established three settlements; Þórkötlustaðahverfi, Járngerðarstaðarhverfi and Staðarhverfi. The modern version of Grindavik is situated mainly in what was Járngerðarstaðarhverfi.

The origins of the municipality can be traced to Einar Einarsson's decision to move there to build and run a shop in 1897. During that time the population was only around 360. Fishing had for centuries been a crucial element in the survival of Grindavik's population, but fishing trips were often dangerous. Men were frequently lost at sea and the catch not always stable. However when a safer access point to land was created at Hópið in 1939, fishing conditions changed dramatically. From 1950 serious development in the fishing industry had begun to take place. Grindavik was declared a municipality in 1974.

Activities[edit]

A short distance to the north, there is the Blue Lagoon (Icelandic: Bláa Lónið), a geothermal spa using hot and mineralized waters from the nearby Svartsengi power station.

Umfg is the town's sport club, and the town contains the Grindavíkurvöllur stadium.

The Leif the Lucky Bridge spans the Álfagjá rift valley that marks the boundary of the Eurasian and North American continental tectonic plates. It was built in 2002 and named in honor of Icelandic explorer Leif Eriksson, who travelled from Europe to explore North America 500 years before Columbus.

The Icelandic Saltfish Museum in Grindavík opened in September 2002. It displays the story of salt fish production and its importance for the Icelandic economy throughout the centuries in a specially designed building of 650m2.

Notable residents[edit]

The Icelandic writer Guðbergur Bergsson was born here, and Kalli Bjarni, the first winner of the Icelandic version of Pop Idol, lives in the town.

Naval Communication Facility[edit]

Near Grindavík, the United States Navy operates Naval Radio Transmitter Facility Grindavik. It uses several antennas, including two guyed masts. The mast situated at 63°51'1"N 22°28'0"W was built in 1993 and is 304.8 meters tall. The other mast at 63°51'3"N 22°27'6"W was built in 1983 and is 182.9 meters tall. The taller mast replaced a 243.8 meter tall mast, and the second replaced a mast of same height.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 63°50′N 22°26′W / 63.833°N 22.433°W / 63.833; -22.433