Grivesnes

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Grivesnes
Grivesnes église (porche et dôme).jpg
Grivesnes is located in France
Grivesnes
Grivesnes
Coordinates: 49°41′18″N 2°28′18″E / 49.6883°N 2.4717°E / 49.6883; 2.4717Coordinates: 49°41′18″N 2°28′18″E / 49.6883°N 2.4717°E / 49.6883; 2.4717
Country France
Region Picardy
Department Somme
Arrondissement Montdidier
Canton Ailly-sur-Noye
Intercommunality Val de Noye
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Claude Dubois
Area1 18.75 km2 (7.24 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 357
 • Density 19/km2 (49/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 80390 / 80250
Elevation 63–131 m (207–430 ft)
(avg. 125 m or 410 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Grivesnes is a commune in the Somme department in Picardie in northern France.

Geography[edit]

Grivesnes is situated on the D26 road, some 18 miles (29 km) south of Amiens.

History[edit]

A castle is reputed to have existed before the Jacquerie uprising of 1358 (which started in this district), but sources lack any substance.
A 15th century manor house was destroyed by Burgundian troops during their retreat from Beauvais after the victory of Jeanne Hachette.
Between 1611, the date of his marriage, and 1640, the date of his death, Louis of Goussencourt erected the principal parts of the château.
Enlarged in the 18th century, the château was very much part of the Ancien Régime and when, during the French revolution, it was decided to confiscate the property, the Count of Grivesnes didn’t oppose it, as his son (Louis-Henri (1766–1849)) had already emigrated to Quebec.
During the auctions of 1793 and 1794, the castle was sold as national property. An inhabitant of Grivesnes, Roch Théry, whose family had lived in the parish for more than two centuries, purchased some of the land as well as the mill, although it was later returned to its owners. The entire site was sold in 1899 to an Amiens notary by the name of Lenain.

During the First World War, the town was ravaged and all the community archives were destroyed. The castle, surrounded by a park of 19 hectares, comprised a distillery and a farm of 132 hectares, underwent shelling that damaged 66% of the property.
From March 29 to April 7, 1918, the town was the centre of a fierce battle.[1] Fighting hand-to-hand, with fixed bayonets, the French and British troops cut off the road to Amiens to the Germans. Many soldiers were buried in unmarked graves, without any ceremony.
In June 1990, a commemorative stele was erected by French and German ex-combatants.

Population[edit]

Historical population of Grivesnes
Year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
Population 324 325 245 266 288 291 357
From the year 1962 on: No double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

Places of interest[edit]

Grivesnes is fortunate to still have two ancient monuments, after the ravages of World War I.

  • The château. Around 1845, considerable restoration took place, replacing the original bright red-orange brick and white stone with sombre red bricks and grey stone. Modified again during the 1920s with little respect for its original appearance, with a shortened pavilion and roofed gracelessly.
  • The church was built from 1835 to 1842, in the park of the château, in the Restoration style. Recently classified as an important building of some significance.[2] Attached to the church is the vault of the noble family of Beaurepaires de Louvagny.
  • The château of Filescamps. (2 miles or so outside the village) After the bombardments of 1918, the building was ruined. All that’s left today is a farm and some outbuildings that once formed part of the chateau itself.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ La bataille de Grivesnes Maurice Masse Éditions Comité de tourisme de la Somme.
  2. ^ Compte-rendu de la CSMH du 24 janvier 2005.

External links[edit]