Grodziec, Silesian Voivodeship

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Grodziec
Village
Church of Saint Bartholomew
Church of Saint Bartholomew
Coat of arms of Grodziec
Coat of arms
Grodziec is located in Poland
Grodziec
Grodziec
Coordinates: 49°48′1.26″N 18°52′4.16″E / 49.8003500°N 18.8678222°E / 49.8003500; 18.8678222
Country Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
County Bielsko
Gmina Jasienica
First mentioned 1305
Government
 • Mayor Leszek Konderla
Area 9.75 km2 (3.76 sq mi)
Population (2009) 1,163
 • Density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Car plates SBI

Grodziec [ˈɡrɔd͡ʑet͡s] is a village in Gmina Jasienica, Bielsko County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland. It has a population of 1,163 (2009). It lies in the historical region of Cieszyn Silesia.

History[edit]

The settlement was first mentioned in a Latin document of Diocese of Wrocław called Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis from around 1305 as item in Grodische villa Snessonis.[1][2][3] However it was written in an atypical form and suggests that a village was older. There should be another village named similarly, and even older from Snesson's village. Because Grodische villa Snessonis was listed among villages located between Skoczów and Czechowice it is undoubtly linked to nowadays Grodziec, whereas the other Grodische, not mentioned in Liber fundationis... is associated with Grodziszcz, in Czech Hradiště, now part of Těrlicko in the Czech Republic.[4] The name of the villages suggests that there existed a fortificated wooden gord.[5] It was later rebuilt to a manor house, and to a château in 1542-1580.

Politically the village belonged initially to the Duchy of Teschen, formed in 1290 in the process of feudal fragmentation of Poland and was ruled by a local branch of Piast dynasty. In 1327 the duchy became a fee of Kingdom of Bohemia, which after 1526 became part of the Habsburg Monarchy.

The village became a seat of a Catholic parish, mentioned in the register of Peter's Pence payment from 1447 among 50 parishes of Teschen deaconry as Grodecz.[6]

After 1540s Protestant Reformation prevailed in the Duchy of Teschen and a local Catholic church was taken over by Lutherans. It was taken from them (as one from around fifty buildings) in the region by a special commission and given back to the Roman Catholic Church on 18 April 1654.[7] It is now served by Saint Bartholomew Church.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Panic, Idzi (2010). Śląsk Cieszyński w średniowieczu (do 1528) [Cieszyn Silesia in Middle Ages (until 1528)] (in Polish). Cieszyn: Starostwo Powiatowe w Cieszynie. p. 297-299. ISBN 978-83-926929-3-5. 
  2. ^ Schulte, Wilhelm (1889). Codex Diplomaticus Silesiae T.14 Liber Fundationis Episcopatus Vratislaviensis (in German). Breslau. 
  3. ^ "Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis" (in Latin). Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  4. ^ I. Panic, 2010, s. 291
  5. ^ J. Polak, 2011, s. 6
  6. ^ "Registrum denarii sancti Petri in archidiaconatu Opoliensi sub anno domini MCCCCXLVII per dominum Nicolaum Wolff decretorum doctorem, archidiaconum Opoliensem, ex commisione reverendi in Christo patris ac domini Conradi episcopi Wratislaviensis, sedis apostolice collectoris, collecti". Zeitschrift des Vereins für Geschichte und Alterthum Schlesiens (in German) (Breslau: H. Markgraf) 27: 369–372. 1893. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  7. ^ Broda, Jan (1992). "Materiały do dziejów Kościoła ewangelickiego w Księstwie Cieszyńskim i Państwie Pszczyńskim w XVI i XVII wieku". Z historii Kościoła ewangelickiego na Śląsku Cieszyńskim (in Polish). Katowice: Dom Wydawniczy i Księgarski „Didache“. pp. 259–260. ISBN 83-85572-00-7. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]