|Type of site||Music|
|Available language(s)||30 languages|
|Owner||Escape Media Group Inc.|
|Created by||Sam Tarantino, Josh Greenberg, Andrés Barreto|
|Alexa rank||900 (October 2013[update])|
Grooveshark, a subsidiary of Escape Media Group, is an online music streaming service based in the United States. It has a search engine, streaming service, and recommendation application. Users can stream and upload music that can be played immediately or added to a playlist.
As of January 2012, Grooveshark has been sued for copyright-violations by all the major music companies, namely EMI Music Publishing, Sony Music Entertainment, Warner Music Group, and Universal Music Group. For one suit complaining about copyright-infringement, the liabilities have been estimated at US $17 billion. Concerns about copyrights led Google, Apple and Facebook to remove Grooveshark's applications from Google Play, the App Store (iOS) and Facebook platform respectively. However, Grooveshark was brought back on saurik's Cydia app for jailbroken Apple devices. In July 2012, a New York State judge ruled that pre-1972 recordings were covered by the "safe harbor" provision of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act.
The interfaces's tabs have these titles: overview, songs, albums (active), events, similar artists, fans; the albums tab is active. There are links to three social-media applications: Facebook, Twitter, and Google. Even more, users can chat with their friends via chatting platform.
Grooveshark enables users to upload and share music with friends, with Grooveshark's file-distribution system or by using other social-media applications.
Grooveshark is a rich Internet application that originally ran in Adobe Flash. In December 2010, Grooveshark redesigned its site to provide an HTML5 interface. Grooveshark displays songs, playlists, and users. Grooveshark has a Java Web Start application that scans users' folders for MP3s, uploading and adding them to the user's online library. The ID3 information of the uploaded song is linked to the user, and the file is uploaded to Grooveshark, which then offers on-demand music playback. All content on the service is user-sourced.
Grooveshark’s catalog streams over 1 billion sound files per month, contains over 15 million songs and has 20 million users. Users can search and find music by song, artist, album, browsing friends’ recent activity, and even through other users’ playlists. The service allows users to create and edit Playlists. Registered users can save playlists to an account, subscribe to other users’ Playlists, and share Playlists through e-mail, social media, StumbleUpon, Reddit or an embeddable widget. Users can listen to Genre Radio Stations of particular genres or they can populate their own station via their list of Current Songs. The site can use the song list to stream similar music, and this stream selection is updating using user ratings of songs. Grooveshark features a “Community” section, where users can view the activity of friends by “following” them. Users can connect other social media accounts.
Grooveshark is a service of Escape Media Group Inc. (EMG), based in Gainesville, Florida. As of January 2012, Grooveshark employs over 130 people, with nearly 100 working in its headquarters in Gainesville and others in New York City.
Grooveshark was founded in March 2006 by three undergraduates at the University of Florida, with founder Sam Tarantino becoming CEO. During its first two years, Grooveshark functioned as a paid downloadable music service, with its content sourced from a proprietary P2P network called “Sharkbyte”. Grooveshark stated that it paid users who uploaded a transacted song a portion of the accounting costs for the song. Grooveshark positioned itself as a legal competitor to other popular P2P networks such as LimeWire, although questions about its legality arose from the beginning. In 2008, the service enabled users to click and play songs on the site without having to download an application.
As of 2009, Grooveshark had secured almost $1 million in seed funding. Also in 2009, Grooveshark launched its artist platform called Grooveshark Artists, which distributes music to fans interested in similar music. On October 27, 2009, Grooveshark revised its interface, which enabled users to skip to any point in a song, left-hand navigation, customizable site themes, and drag-and-drop editing of playlists. On December 2, 2010, the site's interface was rewritten for HTML5. Its music player continued to use Adobe Flash. Another update occurred in October 2011.
On January 18, 2012 Grooveshark removed service in Germany, stating that it closed due to the costs of licensing. On November 21, 2011, Grooveshark was a Mashable Awards 2011 Finalist in the Best Music Service or App category. On December 19, 2011, Grooveshark co-founders Sam Tarantino and Josh Greenberg were listed among the Forbes 30 Under 30 in Music.
On September 5, 2012 Grooveshark presented its full HTML5 player, effectively nullifying Google and Apple's decisions to make the service unavailable to mobile apps.
On August 28, 2012 Google Play restored Grooveshark's app.
During the year of 2013, Cydia repositories iHackStore, BigBoss Repo, c0caine, and all other repos brought back the Grooveshark app for the iPhone with the ability to download songs and import them directly to the music app within the Grooveshark app.
Lawsuits and Controversies
Grooveshark has been sued for copyright infringement by all the major music companies, and the suits were active in January 2012. The major companies are EMI Music Publishing, Sony Music Entertainment, Warner Music Group and Universal Music Group. Concerns about copyright usage have prompted Google, Apple and Facebook to remove Grooveshark's applications from Google Play, the iOS App Store and Facebook platform respectively. At the end of April 2013 Google Search started censoring "grooveshark" term from its Autocomplete feature.
Universal Music Group filed a copyright infringement lawsuit against Grooveshark on January 6, 2010, alleging that Grooveshark maintained on its servers illegal copies of Universal's pre-1972 catalog. Time Magazine reported in 2011 that the Universal Music Group was suing Grooveshark for more than $15 billion; the liabilities have been estimated as 17.1 billion U.S. dollars. In 2010 Time's on-line supplement had listed Grooveshark among its 50 Best Websites. Apple removed its iPhone Grooveshark app from its store after only a few days on August 16, 2010; its spokesperson stated that Apple was concerned about copyright complaints and had concerns about intellectual property rights. On April 1, 2011, the Grooveshark application was pulled from the Android Market. In May 2012, Facebook removed Grooveshark "due to a copyright infringement complaint".
CEO Sam Tarantino stated that the company strictly follows the takedown procedures of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, stating that usually Grooveshark expeditiously removes content. However, "major label executives also say they have sent hundreds of thousands of takedown notices to Grooveshark, only to watch songs reappear on its servers within seconds." King Crimson's Robert Fripp complained that Grooveshark had been continuing to distribute his music, even after repeated takedown notices and other complaints. Fripp's correspondence with Grooveshark was published by Digital Music News and on the website of Fripp's company.
Fripp's published exchange was included in a suit against Grooveshark by Universal Music Group, which was filed in November 2011. UMG cited internal documents revealing that Grooveshark employees uploaded thousands of illegal copies of UMG-owned recordings. Six individuals were named as personally having uploaded between 1,000 and 40,000 songs each; other employees had uploaded 43,000 songs, according to page eight of the complaint. For each of the 113,777 alleged uploadings, a penalty of US $150,000 was requested by Universal, amounting to an estimated US $17.1 billion. Grooveshark denied all the complaints. Grooveshark's attorney complained about a "gross mischaracterisation" of the documents obtained during the lawsuit's discovery phase. In July 2012, New York State Supreme Court Judge Barbara Kapnick ruled that pre-1972 recordings are protected under the "safe harbor" provision of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, although the implications of the ruling are unclear.
Licenses and royalties
Grooveshark has licensing deals with a number of independent record labels, such as Sun Records. One major label, EMI, had also signed a license-agreement for streaming music with Grooveshark in 2009 after settling a previous copyright lawsuit. However, on January 5, 2012, EMI sued Grooveshark over non-payment of royalties stating in their complaint that Grooveshark failed to provide "a single accounting statement". As a result, EMI dropped its licensing agreement with Grooveshark.
In 2013, Entertainment Weekly compared a number of music services and granted Grooveshark a "B", writing, "Users upload libraries onto cloud servers, which means fewer catalog holes. But there's only an Android app, and the Web interface can get sluggish."
- List of social networking websites
- List of Internet stations
- List of online music databases
- Streaming media
- Peer-to-peer (P2P)
- "Grooveshark.com Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2013-10-30.
- "On-Demand Digital Music Service Grooveshark Selects Juniper Networks EX Series Switching Platforms to Build Scalable Cloud-Based Infrastructure and Improve User Experience", "Yahoo! Finance", 14 June 2010. Retrieved on 08-11-10.
- Musil, Steve. "Grooveshark now feels lawsuit wrath of all major music labels: EMI, which already has a licensing agreement with the music streaming service, alleges in a breach of contract lawsuit that it has yet to be paid any royalties". CNET. Retrieved 2012-01-06.
- Resnikoff, Paul ("paul") (23 November 2011). "Grooveshark is now facing $17 billion in damages...". Digital Music News. Retrieved 20 July 2012.
- McMillan, Graeme (21 November 2011). "Universal Music sues music streaming service for 100,000 illegal uploads". Time Magazine. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
- "Google Removes Grooveshark App from the Android Market". Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- Van Buskirk, Eliot (2010-08-17). "Apple Bows to Label Pressure, Yanks Grooveshark From App Store". Wired. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
- Resnikoff, Paul ("paul") (8 May 2012). "Facebook confirms: 'We have removed the Grooveshark app...". Digital Music News. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
- "You say you want a revolution? Music industry in turmoil again.", "FoxNews.com", 18 July 2012. Retrieved on 12-11-12.
- "The Shark Bites Back -- Judge will hear Grooveshark's counterclaim against Universal" | publisher= "Forbes.com"|accessdate= 12-11-12.
- "Grooveshark Interface Receives an HTML5 Boost!". Retrieved 2010-12-17.
- "Grooveshark Now Does Widgets, Music Uploads". Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- Pan, Joann (2012-09-05). "Grooveshark Circumvents Mobile Bans by Launching an HTML5 Player". Mashable. Retrieved 2013-08-03.
- "Is Grooveshark Free?". Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "What is Grooveshark Plus?". Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "What is Grooveshark Anywhere?". Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "Grooveshark: About". Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "Interview with Grooveshark CTO Josh Greenberg". Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "Grooveshark Brings Legal Music Streaming to Gators and the World". Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "CNET Editor’s Review: Grooveshark". Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "Grooveshark offers P2P music downloads but is it legal?". Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "VentureBeat Profile: Grooveshark". Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "Grooveshark Artists". Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- [self-published source?] "Musicians Find Fans at Grooveshark Artists". Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "Streaming Music Site Grooveshark Previews New Look, Features to VIPs". Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "Grooveshark 2.0 Keeps Getting Better". Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "Grooveshark Interface Receives an HTML5 Boost". Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "Sneak Peak at the New Grooveshark Redesign". Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "Grooveshark denies service to Germany due to "unreasonably high" licensing costs". VentureBeat. Retrieved 2013-06-14.
- "Mashable Awards 2011 Finalists". Retrieved 2012-01-17.
- "Forbes 30 Under 30 in Music". Retrieved 2012-01-17.
- "No app store? No problem. Grooveshark rolls out full HTML5 site for all devices". Retrieved 2013-05-05.
- "Music streaming Grooveshark app back in Google Play". Retrieved 2013-05-05.
- Movie Studios Win ISP Blockade Against EZTV and YIFY-Torrents
- "UMG v. Grooveshark". Retrieved 2011-10-11.
- "50 Best Websites 2010: Grooveshark". Time. 2010-08-25. Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- "Grooveshark CEO Rails Against UMG-Forced App Takedown". Retrieved 2011-10-11.
- "Grooveshark DMCA Takedown Policy". Retrieved 2011-10-12.
- Sisario, Ben (14 December 2011). "Sony and Warner are said to sue web music service". New York Times. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- Peoples, Glenn (21 November 2011). "Grooveshark lawsuit reveals details of Universal Music Group's allegations". Billboard.biz (Billboard.com). Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- Resnikoff, Paul ("paul") (13 October 2011). "King Crimson can't get their music off of Grooveshark, so they cc'd Digital Music News...". Digital Music News. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
- Fripp, Robert (August 12th–October 20th 2011). "Robert Fripp's diaries". Discipline Global Mobile, DMG Live!. Retrieved 30 May 2012. :
September: "Wednesday, 7th September 2011", "Saturday, 10th September 2011", "Monday, 12th September 2011", "Wednesday, 14th September 2011", "Thursday, 15th September 2011", "Wednesday, 21 September 2011", and "Monday, 26th September 2011";
- Lawsuit claims Grooveshark workers posted 100,000 pirated songs. Greg Sandoval, CNET, November 21, 2011
- Sanders, Rick. "In Grooveshark’s Defense: Red Flags and Financial Benefit (Part 7 in our Online Music Services Series)". Aaron Sanders PLCC. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- "Grooveshark Signs Licensing Deal With Sun Records". Retrieved 2011-11-01.
- "Grooveshark Labels List". Retrieved 2011-10-17.
- Van Buskirk, Eliot (2009-10-13). "EMI Drops Suit Against Grooveshark, Licenses It Instead". Wired. Retrieved 2011-11-01.
- "Digital music service Grooveshark sued by EMI". Reuters. 2012-01-06. Retrieved 2012-01-05. Jonathan Stempel, Reuters
- McMillan, Graeme (6 January 2012). "Now Grooveshark is being sued by EMI Music". Time Magazine. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
- Sandoval, Greg (3 April 2012). "EMI, Grooveshark's only major label, tears up contract". Cnet. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- Anderson, Kyle (January 18, 2013). "What's the Best Music Service?". Entertainment Weekly (New York: Time Inc.): 14.