Gross national income

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The Gross national income (GNI) is the total domestic and foreign output claimed by residents of a country, consisting of gross domestic product (GDP) plus factor incomes earned by foreign residents, minus income earned in the domestic economy by nonresidents (Todaro & Smith, 2011: 44). (All figures in millions of US dollars)

Rank 2012[1][2] 2010 2009 2008
1  United States 15,734,567  United States 14,600,828  United States 14,223,686  United States 14,506,142
2  China 7,748,903  China 5,700,018  China 4,857,623  Japan 4,853,005
3  Japan 6,105,798  Japan 5,369,116  Japan 4,785,450  China 4,042,883
4  Germany 3,603,895  Germany 3,537,180  Germany 3,473,814  Germany 3,504,510
5  France 2,742,891  France 2,749,821  France 2,750,418  United Kingdom 2,799,960
6  United Kingdom 2,418,464  United Kingdom 2,399,292  United Kingdom 2,538,578  France 2,700,770
7  Brazil 2,311,147  Italy 2,125,845  Italy 2,114,668  Italy 2,115,482
8  Italy 2,061,253  Brazil 1,830,392  Brazil 1,563,126  Spain 1,449,186
9  Russia 1,947,554  India 1,566,636  Spain 1,472,046  Canada 1,446,669
10  India 1,890,363  Spain 1,462,894  India 1,405,064  Brazil 1,433,699

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