Gross profit

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In accounting, gross profit or sales profit or gross margin is the difference between revenue and the cost of making a product or providing a service, before deducting overhead, payroll, taxation, and interest payments. Note that this is different from operating profit (earnings before interest and taxes). Note also that gross margin is the term normally used in the U.S.,[1][2] while gross profit is the more common usage in the U.K.

The various deductions (and their corresponding metrics) leading from Net sales to Net income are as follows:

Net sales = Gross sales – (Customer Discounts, Returns, Allowances)
Gross profit = Net salesCost of goods sold
Gross profit percentage = {(Net salesCost of goods sold)/Net sales} x 100
Operating Profit = Gross Profit – Total operating expenses
Net income (or Net profit) = Operating Profit – taxes – interest

(Note: cost of goods sold is calculated differently for a merchandising business than for a manufacturer.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Horngren, Charles (2011). Accounting, 9th Edition. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458: Prentice Hall. ISBN 0132569051. 
  2. ^ "Gross Margin". Investopedia.