Gross register tonnage
Gross register tonnage (GRT, grt, g.r.t.) a ship's total internal volume expressed in "register tons", one of which equals a volume of 100 cubic feet (2.83 m3). It is calculated from the total permanently enclosed capacity of the vessel. The ship's net register tonnage is obtained by reducing the volume of non-revenue-earning spaces i.e. spaces not available for carrying cargo, for example engine rooms, fuel tanks and crew quarters, from its gross register tonnage. Gross register tonnage is not a measure of the ship's weight or displacement and should not be confused with terms such as deadweight tonnage or displacement.
Gross register tonnage was defined by the Moorsom Commission in 1854.
Gross and net register tonnages were replaced by gross tonnage and net tonnage, respectively, when the International Maritime Organization (IMO) adopted The International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships on 23 June 1969. The new tonnage regulations entered into force for all new ships on 18 July 1982, but existing vessels were given a migration period of 12 years to ensure that ships were given reasonable economic safeguards, since port and other dues are charged according to ship's tonnage. Since 18 July 1994 the gross and net tonnages, dimensionless indices calculated from the total moulded volume of the ship and its cargo spaces by mathematical formulae, have been the only official measures of the ship's tonnage. However, the gross and net register tonnages are still widely used in describing older ships.
- Stopford, Martin (2009), Maritime Economics, Taylor & Francis, p. 752, retrieved 2011-10-17
- Units and Systems of Measurement Their Origin, Development, and Present Status. National Institute of Standards and Technology. Retrieved on 2011-10-17.
- International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships. International Maritime Organization (IMO). Retrieved on 2011-10-17.