Grosse Pointe Park, Michigan

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Grosse Pointe Park, Michigan
City
City of Grosse Pointe Park
Location in Wayne County and the state of Michigan
Location in Wayne County and the state of Michigan
Coordinates: 42°22′49″N 82°55′51″W / 42.38028°N 82.93083°W / 42.38028; -82.93083Coordinates: 42°22′49″N 82°55′51″W / 42.38028°N 82.93083°W / 42.38028; -82.93083
Country United States
State Michigan
County Wayne
Government
 • Mayor Palmer T Heenan
Area[1]
 • Total 3.71 sq mi (9.61 km2)
 • Land 2.17 sq mi (5.62 km2)
 • Water 1.54 sq mi (3.99 km2)
Elevation 577 ft (176 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 11,555
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 11,345
 • Density 5,324.9/sq mi (2,056.0/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 48230
Area code(s) 313
FIPS code 26-35540[4]
GNIS feature ID 0627466[5]

Grosse Pointe Park is an affluent city in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 11,555 at the 2010 census.[6] Bordering on Detroit with frontage on southern Lake Saint Clair, it is the westernmost of the noted Grosse Pointe suburbs, with the oldest overall housing stock of the five cities. Grosse Pointe Park is 6 miles (9.7 km) east of downtown Detroit and thus is home to many who commute to the city on a daily basis.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.71 square miles (9.61 km2), of which, 2.17 square miles (5.62 km2) is land and 1.54 square miles (3.99 km2) is water.[1] The water is part of Lake St. Clair. Grosse Pointe Park has about 3.5 miles (5.6 km) of borders with Detroit, with one border between Alter Road and Wayburn to the southwest, and another along Mack Avenue to the northwest; its third border on land is with the city of Grosse Pointe along Cadieux Road to the northeast.

The Buck-Wardwell House on Jefferson Avenue, built in 1840, as the first brick house in Grosse Pointe

The neighborhoods in Grosse Pointe Park are built on a standard grid street pattern which flows out of Detroit, and housing ranges from tightly-packed single- and multi-family brick houses, often rentals, on the far west side of the Park, to rows of traditionally-styled single family homes generally averaging over 3,000 square feet (280 m2), to multi-million dollar mansions, some of which are found on the lakeshore. The west side of the city features mixed-use neighborhoods, where retail, schools, and churches are within close walking distance. The rest of the city is basically residential, but at the eastern edge residents are in close walking distance to "the Village" shopping district in Grosse Pointe. Many of the houses in the Park were built prior to World War II, and many of these were designed by noted architects using the finest materials. Windmill Pointe Drive, and streets such as Bishop, Kensington, Yorkshire, Edgemont Park, Three Mile Drive, Devonshire, Buckingham, Berkshire, Balfour, and Nottingham among others, each have dozens of large, architecturally significant homes. These mansions and mini-manses were often placed on large lots which were often split up, the result being that some post-war ranch style homes are mixed in with homes of traditional design.

Grosse Pointe Park includes a large neighborhood located on Windmill Pointe, a once-swampy piece of land roughly south of Jefferson Avenue, the edge of which marks the entrance to the Detroit River and the end of Lake St. Clair. A large lakefront park with a pool, gym, movie theatre, and gathering spaces for residents only is found at this spot. At the base of the point, at the foot of Three Mile Drive, is another large park, Patterson Park, which is known for its skating rink and walking trails. One way that people distinguish geography in Grosse Pointe Park is by location north or south of Jefferson Avenue, the south side being generalized as Windmill Pointe.

Grosse Pointe Park, along with Grosse Pointe and Grosse Pointe Farms, is in the Grosse Pointe South High School district. There are two Grosse Pointe Public School System elementary schools in the Park, Defer and Trombly Schools, in addition to one middle school: Pierce Middle School. The eastern Park is also served by Maire Elementary in Grosse Pointe in the Village district. Then serves the one high school, South High School off Fisher Road. There is one private school in the Park, the K-8 St. Clare of Montefalco Catholic School on Charlevoix and Audubon streets.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 290
1920 1,355 367.2%
1930 11,174 724.6%
1940 12,646 13.2%
1950 13,075 3.4%
1960 15,457 18.2%
1970 15,641 1.2%
1980 13,562 −13.3%
1990 12,857 −5.2%
2000 12,443 −3.2%
2010 11,555 −7.1%

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 11,555 people, 4,516 households, and 3,182 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,324.9 inhabitants per square mile (2,056.0 /km2). There were 4,997 housing units at an average density of 2,302.8 per square mile (889.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.0% White, 10.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.5% of the population.

There were 4,516 households of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 29.5% were non-families. 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.10.

The median age in the city was 41.8 years. 26.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.1% were from 25 to 44; 32.1% were from 45 to 64; and 12.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 12,443 people, 4,816 households, and 3,303 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,772.6 per square mile (2,224.2/km²). There were 5,043 housing units at an average density of 2,339.6 per square mile (901.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.48% White, 2.95% African American, 0.35% Native American, 1.82% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 1.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.74% of the population.

There were 4,816 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.3% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.4% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $80,485, and the median income for a family was $104,267. Males had a median income of $73,343 versus $40,095 for females. The per capita income for the city was $42,051. About 1.8% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.1% of those under age 18 and 1.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Grosse Pointe Public Schools serves Grosse Pointe Park. Pierce Middle School, Trombly Elementary School, and Defer Elementary School are located in Grosse Pointe Park.

Public libraries[edit]

The Grosse Pointe Public Library operates the Carolyn and Ted Ewald Memorial Branch Library in Grosse Pointe Park.[7] The library was scheduled to open in 2004.[8] The 15,000 square feet (1,400 m2) branch was originally scheduled to open in October of that year, but delays moved the opening month to January 2005.[9]

People from Grosse Pointe Park[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]