In addition to man-portable units, the Germans designed heavy flamethrowers before and during the First World War. The large flamethrower (Grossflammenwerfer or "Grof") was designed to be used from the trenches. The fuel and propellant containers were too large and heavy for mobility, but the hose could be long enough to be carried out of the trenches closer to the enemy. Multiple propellant and fuel containers could be connected together to improve range and usage time.
These Flamethrowers were the first Flamethrowers made by Richard Fiedler. Which he went on and made the Kleinflammenwerfer, which is more portable and easier to use than the Grossflammenwerfer.
- Flamethrowers of the German Army 1914-1945 by Fred Koch
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