|Traditional region||Lower Carniola|
|Statistical region||Central Slovenia|
|• Total||5.3 km2 (2.0 sq mi)|
|Elevation||343.1 m (1,125.7 ft)|
Grosuplje (pronounced [ɡrɔˈsùːpljɛ]; German: Großlupp) is a town in central Slovenia. It is the seat of the Municipality of Grosuplje. It lies just south of the capital Ljubljana in the traditional region of Lower Carniola. It is now included in the Central Slovenia Statistical Region.
Grosuplje was first attested in written sources in 1136 as Groslupp (and as Grasslupp in 1220–50, and Grazlup in 1249). The settlement is known as Grasuple in the local dialect. The etymological origin of the name is unclear. One theory derives it from *Graslupoje (selo/poľe)—literally, 'wet (village/field)', from the adjective *graslupъ. Another theory derives the name from Lombard *grass(ah)lauffja 'rapids' but is undermined by the lack of fast-flowing water in the area. Yet another theory derives it from the hypothetical Lombard name *Graslupus borrowed into Slavic as *Groslupъ, whereby *Groslupľe selo would literally mean 'Groslupъ's village'. In the past the German name was Großlupp.
Grosuplje is the site of a mass grave associated with the Second World War. The Koščak Hill Mass Grave (Slovene: Grobišče Koščakov hrib) is located in the northern part of the town, on Koščak Hill—also known as Brinje Hill (Brinjski hrib). It contains the remains of 15 anticommunist militia members, mostly from the Dobrepolje karst polje, that were held as prisoners of war and murdered between 26 and 28 October 1943.
The parish church in the settlement is dedicated to Saint Michael and belongs to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Ljubljana. It was built in 1980 at a site close to an older building dedicated to the same saint.
Notable people that were born or lived in Grosuplje include:
- Louis Adamic (1898–1951), Slovenian-American writer
- Ana Gale (1909–1944), poet
- Jože Gale (1913–2005), film director
- Janez Janša (born 1958), former Prime Minister of Slovenia
- Stane Valentinčič (1913–1995), veterinarian
- Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
- "Slovenski pravopis 2001: Grosuplje".
- Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 6: Kranjsko. 1906. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, p. 108.
- Grosuplje municipal site
- Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, pp. 155–156.
- Adamič, France. 1996. "Mala kronika Občine Grosuplje." Zbornik občin Grosuplje, Ivančna Gorica, Dobrepolje 19: 17–28, p. 23.
- Koščak Hill Mass Grave on Geopedia (Slovene)
- "EŠD 9860". Registry of Immovable Cultural Heritage (in Slovenian). Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 28 May 2011.
- Savnik, Roman, ed. 1971. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 2. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije, p. 131.
- "Poslovil se je Jože Gale." 2005. Delo (25 April).
- Bidovec, Andrej. 1995. "Umrl je prof. dr. Stane Valentinčič." Lovec: glasilo Lovske zveze Slovenije 78(9) (September): 342–343.
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