|• Total||55.0 sq mi (142.4 km2)|
|• Land||53.7 sq mi (139.2 km2)|
|• Water||1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)|
|Elevation||1,106 ft (337 m)|
|• Density||19/sq mi (7.3/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1462110|
Groton is a town in Caledonia County, Vermont, United States. The population was 1,022 at the 2010 census. It contains the places Groton Pond, Rickers Mills, Rickers and West Groton. The unincorporated village of Groton in the southeast corner of town is recorded as the Groton census-designated place (CDP), with a population of 437 at the 2010 census.
Groton is located in the southwest corner of Caledonia County. It is bordered by the town of Peacham to the north, Barnet to the northeast, and Ryegate to the east, all in Caledonia County. To the south, in Orange County, are the towns of Newbury (southeast), Topsham (south), and Orange (southwest). The Washington County towns of Plainfield and Marshfield are to the west. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 142.4 square kilometres (55.0 sq mi), of which 139.2 square kilometres (53.7 sq mi) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2), or 2.19%, is water.
The Wells River, a tributary of the Connecticut River, has its headwaters in Groton. Groton State Forest occupies most of the western third of the town. The highest point in Groton is 3,352-foot (1,022 m) Signal Mountain, near the southwest corner of the town.
U.S. Route 302 passes through the southern part of the town, leading east Wells River, Vermont, and Woodsville, New Hampshire, and west to Barre and Montpelier. Vermont Route 232 leads north from US-302 through Groton State Forest to Marshfield.
The CDP of Groton is the primary settlement in the town, located in the southeastern corner along US 302 and the Wells River. It has a total area of 2.07 square miles (5.36 km2), of which 2.05 square miles (5.31 km2) is land and 0.023 square miles (0.06 km2), or 1.03%, is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 876 people, 338 households, and 252 families residing in the town. The population density was 16.2 people per square mile (6.3/km2). There were 586 housing units at an average density of 10.9 per square mile (4.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.46% White, 1.26% Native American, 0.23% from other races, and 2.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.34% of the population.
There were 338 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.8% were couples living together and joined in either marriage or civil union, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.4% were non-families. 20.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the town the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 86.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $33,333, and the median income for a family was $36,719. Males had a median income of $28,750 versus $18,269 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,659. Below the poverty line were 10.5% of people, 6.8% of families, 11.9% of those under 18 and 9.1% of those over 64.
- William Scott, Civil War soldier pardoned by Abraham Lincoln; known as the "The Sleeping Sentinel"
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Groton town, Caledonia County, Vermont". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 4, 2013.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Groton CDP, Vermont". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 6, 2013.
- DeLorme (1996). Vermont Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-016-9