|Time zone:||CET, UTC+1|
|Length:||280 m (920 ft)|
|Depth:||115 m (377 ft)|
|Other names:||Briška jama, Briškovska jama, Jama pri Briščikih|
Grotta Gigante ("Giant Cave", Slovene: Briška jama), also known as Riesengrotte or as Grotta di Brisciachi, is a giant cave on the Italian side of the Trieste Carso, in the municipality of Sgonico. Its central cavern is 107 m (351 ft) high, 65 m (213 ft) wide and 130 m (430 ft), long putting it in the 1995 Guinness Book of Records as the world's largest tourist cave.
The cave contains many large stalactites and stalagmites, many of exceptional beauty. A feature of the stalagmites is their "dish-pile" appearance, formed by water dropping from up to 80 m (260 ft) above and depositing calcium carbonate over a wide area.
The enormous hall is 107 m (351 ft) high, 130 m (430 ft) long and 65 m (213 ft) large. A steep path with atmospheric electric lighting allows the visitor to spend about 45 minutes in this underground space, with its rich calcite concretions, the highest of which is no less than 12 m (39 ft) high.
Its available space and the constant temperatures throughout the year have led to the placement of two geodetic pendula (which hang down from about 100 m (330 ft), and are the longest in the world) and other scientific instruments.
The cave was first explored by Antonio Federico Lindner in 1840. At the time, the karst behind Trieste was being searched for underground water from the Timavo River so as to be able to plan the city's aqueduct. In 1897, it was fully mapped by Andrea Perko, properly equipped for guided tours in 1905, and inaugurated in 1908. After World War I, ownership went to the Julian Alpine Society. Tourism only really began in 1957, when electricity was installed, unveiling new perspectives and details.
The Museum of Speleology is near the cave, and besides the various speleological, geological, and paleontological finds, it also includes some valuable archeological pieces and a poster collection of the cave. Two wide parking lots are available on the outside. Visits are scheduled at good times and with expert guides.
Media related to Grotta Gigante at Wikimedia Commons
- Official Grotta Gigante website (Italian)