|This article does not cite any references or sources. (February 2011)|
Grounding is a form of punishment given to older children, preadolescents or adolescents by their parents (or teachers or headmasters in a school setting) for bad behavior and poor performance in school or other duties. In the terms of behavioral psychology, grounding is a negative punishment because it involves the removal of desired things, rather than the addition of undesired things.
Every now and then, a young person who is grounded is banned from leaving home or his/her room to go anywhere other than to attend required activities such as school, meals, church, music practice, etc. Grounding does not necessarily mean people are unable to come over, only going out is prohibited. It is commonly combined with the withdrawal of privileges such as the use of computer, Internet, video games, television, telephone, cars, mobile phones, prom, slumber party, etc., and some children may even be sent to bed early. Some groundings can last from as short as a day or two, to as long as a month or year, while some last an indefinite amount of time. The uncertainty makes it difficult for the person to cope, which in some cases can make the punishment more effective. For some children and teenagers, grounding can backfire easily, encouraging bad behavior in the form of rebellion against their parents.
Another type of grounding is known as "grounded in diapers". This is usually used on teenagers in middle and high school as a form of embarrassing them if their parents decide they need to be punished especially hard to learn their lesson. The kids do not necessarily have to USE the diapers, but simply wear them instead of underpants. This type of grounding can go along with taking privileges away, or simply be a punishment all its own. Most parents try not to use this punishment unless they feel it is absolutely necessary.
The term most likely originated in the aviation community. When an aviator is restricted from flying due to misconduct, illness, or other reasons they are said to be "grounded."
See also 
|This psychology-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|