Grove Hill, Alabama
|Grove Hill, Alabama|
Clarke County Courthouse in Grove Hill
Location in Clarke County and the state of Alabama
|• Mayor||Jerry Newton|
|• Total||5 sq mi (12.9 km2)|
|• Land||5 sq mi (12.9 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||505 ft (154 m)|
|• Density||316.0/sq mi (122.0/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0155087|
The area that is now Grove Hill was originally inhabited by Creek and Choctaw Indians. The county seat of Clarke County was established at what later became Grove Hill in 1832 as the spot was most central to the rest of the county. Known variously as Smithville, then Macon, the name Grove Hill was selected around 1850 for the large grove of oak trees on the plateau. The town was officially incorporated and chartered in 1929. In 1853, a yellow fever epidemic struck the town, killing many residents, almost wiping out the town.
The Grove Hill area has numerous sites on the National Register of Historic Places including the Alston-Cobb House, Bush House, John A. Coate House, Cobb House, Dickinson House, Fort Sinquefield, and the Grove Hill Courthouse Square Historic District.
Grove Hill is located at 31°42'22.093" North, 87°46'27.386" West (31.706137, -87.774274).
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,438 people, 582 households, and 387 families residing in the town. The population density was 289.6 inhabitants per square mile (111.8 /km2). There were 684 housing units at an average density of 137.8 per square mile (53.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 61.96% White, 37.27% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.21% from other races, and 0.35% from two or more races. 0.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 582 households out of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the town the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.6 males.
Public Educationis provided by the Clarke County School System. Located in Grove Hill are Clarke County High School (grades 9 through 12), Wilson Hall Middle School (grades 5 through 8), and Grove Hill Elementary School (grades K though 4).
There is one private school in Grove Hill. Clarke Prep School provides education for grades K through 12.
- Lemuel J. Alston, U.S. Representative from South Carolina who lived in Grove Hill from 1816 until his death in 1836
- Doug Barfield - Auburn University football coach
- Zechariah Bettis, politician who served as the Probate Judge of Clarke County, Alabama during the American Civil War
- John W. Cranford - Representative for Texas.
- Grant Gillis - Major League Baseball player
- Marc Keahey, Democratic member of the Alabama Senate, representing the 22nd district
- F. David Mathews - United States Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare
- Cliff Nobles - Pop musician
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "The Grove Hill Area Chamber of Commerce". Retrieved 15 January 2010.
- Owen, Thomas McAdory; Marie Bankhead Owen (1921). History of Alabama and dictionary of Alabama biography, Volume 1. The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 716.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Fact Sheet- Grove Hill town, Alabama". American Fast Facts. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 15 January 2010.
- "Geographic Comparison Table -Alabama". American Fast Facts. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 15 January 2010.
- Barfield back in hometown
- "Grant Gillis". Baseball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 16 September 2013.