Grude

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Grude (disambiguation).
Grude
Flag of Grude
Flag of Grude
Grude is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Grude
Grude
Location of Grude
Coordinates: 43°22′39″N 17°23′43″E / 43.3776°N 17.3953°E / 43.3776; 17.3953Coordinates: 43°22′39″N 17°23′43″E / 43.3776°N 17.3953°E / 43.3776; 17.3953
Country  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Government
 • Municipality president Ljubo Grizelj (HDZ BiH)
Area
 • Total 220,8 km2 (853 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • Total 17,865
 • Density 81/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) +387 39
Website http://www.grude.ba

Grude (About this sound pronunciation ) is a town and municipality in western Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Overlook of Grude

Geography[edit]

Grude is 49 kilometers [1] from Mostar,19 kilometers [2] from Imotski, and 100 km [3] from Split. Grude is rich in natural beauties as well- from the numerous caves and caverns characteristic of this stone, the karst landscape through - which is unusual this area - a number of sources and water resources (Lake Krenica, river Vrlika).

History[edit]

Pre-history and ancient times[edit]

Testimony about life in these regions are still present in prehistoric times. In place of Ravlić cave, which is located in Drinovci, were found traces of life dating from the later Neolithic period.The life in these regions has been flowing continuously - the peoples, cultures and civilizations have been changing. In later, but historical times, this soil had very living presence of the Romans, whose commercial road, connecting the two great ancient trading center - Salon and Narona, was passing through the region. Recent archaeological excavations at the site in Gorica confirm that on this soil in ancient times there was a significant Roman settlement. Middle Ages is a time of tombstones - stećak and in municipality of Grude can be found practically everywhere - which proves that at that time was quite a big life. Undoubtedly it is a merit favorable geographical position of this region, as well as the relatively mild climate, together with rich natural resources. Rarely can see where this unusual combination of brutality and tameness of nature that we find in the region Imotski-bekijsko fields - arable land is relatively rich in water in contrast to the fierce and rocky, which is surrounded by.

Middle ages[edit]

End of the Middle Ages was marked by the Ottoman expansion and conquest. Traces of long-term Turkish rule, are even today present in the speech of this region and some traditions that have remained until today.

Church of St. Catherine in city of Grude

Modern times[edit]

After the Turks, Austria-Hungary arrived. This is a short transitional period in which were built numerous schools and infrastructure needed for the functioning of a modern European state, but this is somehow persistently ignored in the overall modernization. Like most of the West Herzegovina cities, Grude was labeled as pro-Ustaše region. Therefore it has been demonized by the officials of SFRY. The investements were very poor in it. That caused huge poverty and lot of people emigrated to Zagreb and Dalmatia, as well as to Germany as gastarbeiter. Today the municipality is among the most developed in Bosnia-Herzegovina, with numerous medium and small business corporations, Violeta paper factory being the biggest brand. In Grude were founded Croatian Republic of Herceg-Bosna and the Croatian Defense Council (HVO).

Settlements[edit]

Population/Demographics[edit]

1971[edit]

19,203 total

1991[edit]

In the 1991 census, the municipality of Grude had a population of 16,358 residents:

  • 16,210 Croats (99.09%)[4]
  • 9 Serbs (0.05%)
  • 4 Bosniaks (0.02%)
  • 5 Yugoslavs (0.03%)
  • 130 others (0.79%)

The town of Grude had 3,528 residents: nearly completely composed of ethnic Croats.

Grude council building

Economy[edit]

During the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Grude was one of the bastions of the "rebellion" against the aggression of the Yugoslav Army. The late 1990s and early 2000s were marked by recent war and the struggle for survival, whereas today Grude is experiencing cultural and economic renaissance.

Traffic and road connections[edit]

Grude is placed on the crossroads of two big roads:Slavonski Brod-Ploče and Mostar-Split. Through grude also goes master road M-6 Grude - Ljubuški - Čapljina - Metković. Besides that there are also 3 regional roads :

Sports[edit]

The town is home to the football club HNK Grude. NK Drinovci is also based nearby in the town of Drinovci (located in the same municipality). De Boules clubs Grude, Sv. Stipan, Sovići. Grude was host for De Boules World Cup 2007. There is also a male basketball club HKK Grude as well as the female one ŽKK Grude.

Twin-cities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Grude was the birthplace of Andrijica Šimić, the hajduk and Antun Branko Šimić, the poet, Milan Bandić the politician, mayor capital of Croatia - Zagreb.

Communications[edit]

The radio station Radio Grude is broadcast from the town.

External links[edit]

Grude travel guide from Wikivoyage

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.viamichelin.com/viamichelin/gbr/dyn/controller/Itineraires?strStartAddress=&strDestAddress=&strStartMerged=Grude&strDestMerged=Mostar&strStartCityCountry=1025343&strDestCityCountry=1025343&empriseW=600&empriseH=310&intItineraryType=5&caravaneHidden=false&vh=CAR&distance=km&strVehicle=0&devise=1.0%7CEUR&carbCost=1.3&isAvoidFrontiers=false&isFavoriseAutoroute=false&isAvoidPeage=false&isAvoidVignette=false&isAvoidLNR=false&autoConso=6.8&villeConso=6&routeConso=5.6&dtmDeparture=12%2F3%2F2009&indemnite=0
  2. ^ http://www.viamichelin.com/viamichelin/gbr/dyn/controller/Itineraires?strStartAddress=&strDestAddress=&strStartMerged=Grude&strDestMerged=Imotski&strStartCityCountry=1025343&strDestCityCountry=1752&empriseW=600&empriseH=310&intItineraryType=5&caravaneHidden=false&vh=CAR&distance=km&strVehicle=0&devise=1.0%7CEUR&carbCost=1.3&isAvoidFrontiers=false&isFavoriseAutoroute=false&isAvoidPeage=false&isAvoidVignette=false&isAvoidLNR=false&autoConso=6.8&villeConso=6&routeConso=5.6&dtmDeparture=12%2F3%2F2009&indemnite=0
  3. ^ http://www.viamichelin.com/viamichelin/gbr/dyn/controller/Itineraires?strStartAddress=&strDestAddress=&strStartMerged=Grude&strDestMerged=Split&strStartCityCountry=1025343&strDestCityCountry=1752&empriseW=600&empriseH=310&intItineraryType=5&caravaneHidden=false&vh=CAR&distance=km&strVehicle=0&devise=1.0%7CEUR&carbCost=1.3&isAvoidFrontiers=false&isFavoriseAutoroute=false&isAvoidPeage=false&isAvoidVignette=false&isAvoidLNR=false&autoConso=6.8&villeConso=6&routeConso=5.6&dtmDeparture=12%2F3%2F2009&indemnite=0
  4. ^ http://www.fzs.ba/Dem/Popis/Nacionalnost%20opcine%20Popis%201991.pdf