Gryazovetsky District

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Gryazovetsky District
Грязовецкий район (Russian)
Location of Gryazovetsky District (Vologda Oblast).svg
Location of Gryazovetsky District in Vologda Oblast
Coordinates: 58°53′N 40°15′E / 58.883°N 40.250°E / 58.883; 40.250Coordinates: 58°53′N 40°15′E / 58.883°N 40.250°E / 58.883; 40.250
Coat of Arms of Gryazovetsky rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Flag of Gryazovetsky rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Coat of arms of Gryazovetsky District
Flag of Gryazovetsky District
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Vologda Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of June 2012)
Administrative center town of Gryazovets[2]
Administrative divisions:[2]
Towns of district significance 1
Urban-type settlements 1
Selsoviets 16
Inhabited localities:[2]
Cities/towns 1
Urban-type settlements 1
Rural localities 511
Municipal structure (as of March 2013)
Municipally incorporated as Gryazovetsky Municipal District[3]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 2
Rural settlements 5
Statistics
Area 5,030 km2 (1,940 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 36,820 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 59.5%
- Rural 40.5%
Density 7.32 /km2 (19.0 /sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[7]
Established July 15, 1929[8]
Official website
Gryazovetsky District on WikiCommons

Gryazovetsky District (Russian: Гря́зовецкий райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal district[3] (raion), one of the twenty-six in Vologda Oblast, Russia. It is located in the south of the oblast and borders with Mezhdurechensky District in the north, Soligalichsky and Buysky Districts of Kostroma Oblast in the east, Lyubimsky and Pervomaysky Districts of Yaroslavl Oblast in the south, Poshekhonsky District, also of Yaroslavl Oblast, in the southeast, and with Vologodsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 5,030 square kilometers (1,940 sq mi).[4] Its administrative center is the town of Gryazovets.[2] Population: 36,820 (2010 Census);[9] 41,644 (2002 Census);[5] 47,136 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Gryazovets accounts for 42.2% of the district's total population.[9]

Geography[edit]

The district occupies the southern corner of Vologda Oblast. Most of the district's territory lies on the Gryazovets Plateau, which is cut through by rivers and is of glacial origin. The plateau lies on the divide between the drainage basins of the Sukhona and Volga Rivers, and thus on the divide between the basins of the Arctic Ocean and the Caspian Sea. The southern part of the district lies in the basin of the Obnora River, a tributary of the Kostroma River. Some areas in the southeast of the district are in the basin of various tributaries of the Kostroma as well. The geographical center of the district is situated in the basin of the Lezha River, a right tributary of the Sukhona, which has its source in Kostroma Oblast and crosses the district from south to north, forming its largest waterway. The biggest lake in the district, Lake Nikolskoye, is a source of the Komela River, a left tributary of the Lezha. Minor areas in the east of the district belong to the basins of the tributaries of the Sukhona, and minor areas in the northwest of the district are in the basin of the Vologda River, a right tributary of the Sukhona.

History[edit]

In the 15th century, the area became a part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. The area was attractive for monks, since it was at the time covered by unpopulated forests. A number of influential monasteries were founded within the current limits of the district, including the Pavlo-Obnorsky Monastery in the 15th century and the Korniliyevo-Komelsky Monastery. Gryazovets was first mentioned in 1538 as a settlement dependent on the Korniliyevo-Komelsky Monastery.[11]

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Archangelgorod Governorate. In 1780, the governorate was abolished and transformed into Vologda Viceroyalty. Simultaneously, in 1780, Gryazovets was chartered and became the seat of Gryazovetsky Uyezd. The viceroyalty was abolished in 1796, and its part which included Gryazovetsky Uyezd became Vologda Governorate. In 1924, the uyezd was abolished, and the area was included into Vologodsky Uyezd.

On July 15, 1929, several governorates, including Vologda Governorate, were merged into Northern Krai, and the uyezds were abolished. Instead, Gryazovetsky District with the administrative center in the town of Gryazovets was established as a part of Vologda Okrug. In the following years, the first-level administrative division of Russia kept changing. In 1936, Northern Krai was transformed into Northern Oblast. In 1937, Northern Oblast was split into Arkhangelsk Oblast and Vologda Oblast. Gryazovetsky District remained in Vologda Oblast ever since.

On January 25, 1935, Lezhsky District was established on the territory split off from Gryazovetsky District. The administrative center of the district became the selo of Sidorovo, and between 1938 and 1952 the administrative center was located in the settlement of Lezha.[12] In 1959, the district was abolished and merged into Gryazovetsky District.[8]

Administrative and municipal divisions[edit]

Municipal divisions of Gryazovetsky Municipal District
The Monza Railroad station in the settlement of Gremyachy, which is administratively a part of Gryazovetsky District, but municipally is a part of Totemsky Municipal District

As an administrative division, the district is divided into one town of district significance (Gryazovets), one urban-type settlement (Vokhtoga), and sixteen selsoviets.[2] Within the framework of municipal divisions, most of the district is incorporated as Gryazovetsky Municipal District and is divided into two urban and five rural settlements.[3] However, four rural localities of the administrative district are municipally incorporated elsewhere: two (the settlements of Ida and Kordon) are a part of Babushkinsky Municipal District, and the other two (the settlements of Gremyachy and Karitsa) are a part of Totemsky Municipal District.[2][3]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The economy of the district is based on timber industry. There is also food industry.

Agriculture[edit]

The agriculture of the district is essentially limited to crop growing and cattle breeding, resulting and meat and milk production.[13]

Transportation[edit]

Vokhtoga railway station seen from the north. The railway straight up continues to Buy, the left track is the beginning of the Monza Railroad.

One of the principal highways in Russia, M8, which connects Moscow and Arkhangelsk, crosses the district from south to north, passing Gryazovets. There are also local roads, with the bus traffic originating from Gryazovets.

The railroad connecting Yaroslavl and Vologda crosses the district from south to north. Gryazovets is the main railroad station within the district. There is also another line, which connects Vologda in the north and Buy in the south, with the main station within the district being Vokhtoga. At Vokhtoga, another railroad branches off east, the Monza Railroad, built for timber transport and operated by the timber production authorities, which runs along the border of Vologda and Kostroma Oblasts. The Monza railroad crosses the district and enters Mezhdurechensky District, eventually continuing to the southeastern districts of Vologda Oblast. The plans to extend it further east to Nikolsk were never realized.[14]

Culture and recreation[edit]

The main house of the Bryanchaninov Estate, Pokrovskoye

The district contains four objects classified as cultural and historical heritage by Russian Federal law and additionally ninety objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local importance (fifty of them in Gryazovets).[15] The objects protected at the federal level are the Intercession Church and the Bryanchaninov Estate, both located in the selo of Pokrovskoye, and the building of the secondary school in Gryazovets.

Ignatius Bryanchaninov, who later became an Orthodox bishop and is now venerated as a saint by the Russian Orthodox Church, was born in Pokrovskoye.

The center of the town of Gryazovets mainly preserved the historical buildings from 19th century.

The only museum in the district is the Gryazovets District Museum, located in Gryazovets.[16]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law #371-OZ
  2. ^ a b c d e Resolution #178
  3. ^ a b c d e Law #1114-OZ
  4. ^ a b "Географическое расположение" (in Russian). Администрация Грязовецкого муниципального района. Retrieved October 29, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b "Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917-1991)" (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved October 28, 2011. 
  9. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Этапы исторического развития" (in Russian). Администрация Грязовецкого Муниципального Района. Retrieved October 31, 2011. 
  12. ^ "Вологодская область" (in Russian). Всемирный исторический проект. Retrieved October 31, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Экономика. Статистика. Анализ социально-экономического развития. Район." (in Russian). Администрация Грязовецкого муниципального района. Retrieved October 31, 2011. 
  14. ^ Белихов, А. Б. (2009). А.М. Белов, А.В. Новиков, ed. Развитие железных дорог Костромского края в ХХ веке. II Романовские чтения. Центр и провинция в системе российской государственности: материалы конференции. Кострома: КГУ им. Н.А. Некрасова. Retrieved September 23, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved October 30, 2011. 
  16. ^ "Краеведческий музей г. Грязовца" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1114-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ Грязовецкого муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №3001-ОЗ от 7 марта 2013 г. «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований Грязовецкого муниципального района Вологодской области и о внесении изменений в Закон области "Об установлении границ Грязовецкого муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1114-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Gryazovetsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #3001-OZ of March 7, 2013 On the Transformation of Several Municipal Formations of Gryazovetsky Municipal District of Vologda Oblast and on Amending the Oblast Law "On Establishing the Borders of Gryazovetsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).