Gryf coat of arms
|Battle cry||Po trzy na gałąź, Świeboda|
|Alternative names||Swoboda, Świeboda, Jaxa|
|Cities||Choroszcz, Dębica, Miechów|
|Divisions||Mielec County, Gmina Miechów|
Gryf (Polish for "Griffin") is a Polish coat of arms that was used by many noble families in medieval Poland and later under the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, branches of the original medieval Gryfita-Świebodzic family as well as families connected with the Clan by adoption at ennoblement or even by error.
Leszek III, legendary Prince of Poland, 805?, had 14 sons, of whom the oldest was Popiel I his successor to the throne. Leszek assured special parts of the realm to the remaining sons within his lifetime, obligating them by oath not to make the sovereignty of Popiel contentious. This ensured the safety and liberty of the country with a united army.
- The other sons:
- Barnim and Bogdal kept the principality of Pomerania.
- Kazimierz and Wtadystaw, the principality of Kashubia
- Vratislav, the island Rügen, with Przybyslaw.
- Cieszymierz and Otto, the Łużyce,
- Ziemowit and Zemornyst, the land of Brandenburg.
- Jaxa with another brother, the Meissen county, in the Łużyce
All these sons united under one war flag given by Leszek. The Lechites originally had a young lion on its war flag, then around 550, the white eagle appeared as a realm flag. The combination of both animal pictures into one figure has developed. Hence a lion's body and an eagle's head, which appears on and above the Gryf shield.
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Notable bearers of this coat of arms have included:
- Gryfici (Świebodzice)
- Kazimierz Małachowski
- Janisław I Ossowski, Archbishop of Gniezno and Primate of Poland
- Józef Leśniewski, general
- Abraham z Jaxów Chamiec, first known owner of Międzyrzec Podlaski
- Bogdan Jaksa-Ronikier, writer and publicist
- Aleksander Krzysztof Chodkiewicz, Bishop of Kieś and Canon of Wilno
- Zygmunt Rożen, knight
- Mateusz Michał Bąkowski, Stolnik of Halicz
- Szymon Konarski, heraldist
- House of Otwinowski
Individual grants based on Gryf
Rosen, a variation of Gryf according to Przemysław Pragert
Jadunka, a variation of Gryf according to Przemysław Pragert
Related coat of arms
- Polish heraldry
- Heraldic family
- List of Polish nobility coats of arms
- House of Griffins
- House of Sobiesław
- Tadeusz Gajl: Herbarz polski od średniowiecza do XX wieku : ponad 4500 herbów szlacheckich 37 tysięcy nazwisk 55 tysięcy rodów. L&L, 2007. ISBN 978-83-60597-10-1.
- Jan Długosz: Jana Długosza kanonika krakowskiego Dziejów polskich ksiąg dwanaście, ks. IX. Kraków: 1867-1870, s. 264.