Guadalquivir

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For the river in Bolivia, see Guadalquivir River (Bolivia).
Coordinates: 36°47′N 6°21′W / 36.783°N 6.350°W / 36.783; -6.350
Guadalquivir
River
Guadalquivir River Coria del Rio.jpg
Guadalquivir River in Coria del Río
Name origin: from al-wadi al-kabir, "great valley" in Arabic
Country Spain
Region Andalusia
Tributaries
 - left Guadiana Menor, Guadalbullón, Guadajoz, Genil, Corbones, Guadaira
 - right Guadalimar, Jándula, Yeguas, Guadalmellato, Guadiato, Bembézar, Viar, Rivera de Huelva, Guadiamar
Cities Córdoba, Seville
Source Cañada de las Fuentes
 - location Cazorla Mountains, Quesada, Jaén
Mouth Atlantic Ocean
 - location Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Cádiz
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
 - coordinates 36°47′N 6°21′W / 36.783°N 6.350°W / 36.783; -6.350
Length 657 km (408 mi)
Basin 56,978 km2 (21,999 sq mi)
Discharge for Seville
 - average 164.3 m3/s (5,802 cu ft/s)
Location of the Guadalquivir
Website: Confederación Hidrográfica del Guadalquivir

The Guadalquivir (Spanish pronunciation: [ɡwaðalkiˈβir]) is the fifth longest river in the Iberian peninsula and the second longest river with its entire length in Spain. The Guadalquivir is 657 kilometers long and drains an area of about 58,000 square kilometers. It begins at Cañada de las Fuentes (village of Quesada) in the Cazorla mountain range (Jaén), passes through Córdoba and Seville and ends at the fishing village of Bonanza, in Sanlúcar de Barrameda, flowing into the Gulf of Cádiz, in the Atlantic Ocean. The marshy lowlands at the river's end are known as "Las Marismas". It borders Doñana National Park reserve.

The Guadalquivir river is the only great navigable river in Spain. Currently it is navigable to Seville, but in Roman times it was navigable to Córdoba.

The ancient city of Tartessos was said to have been located at the mouth of the Guadalquivir, although its site has not yet been found.

Name[edit]

The name comes from the Arabic al-wādi al-kabīr (الوادي الكبير), 'The Great Valley'. Classical Arabic Wadi is pronounced in present-day Maghreb as Oued. The Phoenicians named the river Baits, later Betis (or Baetis) from pre-Roman times to the Al-Andalus period, giving its name to the Hispania Baetica Roman province. An older Celtiberian name was Oba (gold river), leading to the assumption that etymologically Córdoba means city on the Oba (Cart-Oba), but it is actually derived from the Phoenician qorteb meaning "oil press".

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