Guadix

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Guadix
Municipality
Coat of arms of Guadix
Coat of arms
Guadix is located in Spain
Guadix
Guadix
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 37°18′N 3°8′W / 37.300°N 3.133°W / 37.300; -3.133
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Andalusia
Province Granada
Comarca Comarca de Guadix
Judicial district Guadix
Government
 • Mayor José Antonio González Alcalá (2012) (PP)
Area
 • Total 317 km2 (122 sq mi)
Elevation 949 m (3,114 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 20,395
 • Density 64/km2 (170/sq mi)
Demonym Accitanos, Guadijeños
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 18500
Website Official website

Guadix, a city of southern Spain, in the province of Granada; on the left bank of the river Guadix, a sub-tributary of the Guadiana Menor, and on the Madrid-Valdepeñas-Almería railway. It occupies part of an elevated plateau among the northern foothills of the Sierra Nevada.

The city was once famous for its cutlery; but its modern manufactures (chiefly earthenware, hempen goods, and hats) are inconsiderable. It has some trade in wool, cotton, flax, corn and liqueurs. The warm mineral springs of Cortes y Graena, much frequented during the summer, are 6 miles west.

Troglodyte cave dwellings in Guadix

History[edit]

Guadix el Viejo, 6 km northwest, was the Roman Acci (also Accitum) mentioned in Pliny's Natural History and as Akki by Ptolemy, who placed it among the Bastetani. Acci was situated in the region of the Bastetanos, whose capital was Baza. It is not known for certain whether it is of Phoenician or of early Spanish origin. According to Macrobius, the primitive inhabitants paid homage to Mars under the name of Neton. Julius Caesar established the Roman colony called Julia Gemella. According to tradition, it was the seat of the first bishopric in Hispania, in the 2nd century.

After 711 it rose to some importance as a Moorish fortress and trading station, renamed Wadi 'Ashi ("the Wadi of Acci" [1] Guadix was the site of the Battle of Guadix in January 1362 in which a small Castilian army was routed by the forces of Muhammed VI, Sultan of Granada.[2] It was surrendered without a siege to the Spaniards, under Ferdinand and Isabella, in 1489.

The novelist Pedro Antonio de Alarcon, author of El Sombrero de Tres Picos (The Three-cornered Hat) was born in Guadix in 1833. The 19th and 20th centuries saw a period of economical crisis for the town. Currently Guadix is a center of production of fruit (strawberries), cereals, vegetables, as well as a minor tourist center.

Main sights[edit]

Guadix Cathedral
Plaza de la Constitución
  • Guadix Cathedral (16th-18th centuries), built over a Moorish mosque in Gothic-Renaissance style. The façade is in Baroque style.
  • Church of St. Augustine (18th century),
  • Church of Santiago (1540), with a Plateresque portal
  • Convent and church of the Conception
  • Alcazaba, a Moorish fortress commanding the town
  • Barrio de Santiago, a quarter characterized by houses carved in tuff rocks.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Guadix is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Princeton Encyclopedia
  2. ^ Mérimée, Prosper (1848). "Histoire de Dan Pédre". Revue des deux mondes (in French). Au bureau de la Revue des deux mondes. pp. 280–281. Retrieved 2013-07-15. 

External links[edit]