|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2011)|
|Villa de Guaduas
Villa de San Miguel de las Guaduas
|Motto: Confianza y Desarrollo|
Location of the town and municipality of Guaduas in Cundinamarca Department.
|Established||December 13, 1610|
|Founded||December 27, 1644|
|• Mayor||Doris Acero de Vera|
|Elevation||992 m (3,255 ft)|
Guaduas (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈɡaðwas]) is a town in Colombia, in the Lower Magdalena Province department of Cundinamarca, about 117 km from Bogotá. It is an agricultural and tourist center of some importance with a population of about 33,000. Its name refers to a variety of bamboo cane. It is one of the cities in the Bogotá-Medellín highway. Its main plaza is featured on the Colombian ten-thousand pesos bill, and is one of the seats of the Roman Catholic Diocese of La Dorada–Guaduas
The early inhabitants of the "Valley of the Guaduas" were the aboriginal Panche people. It was an important stop in the road from Santa Fe to Honda, located in a small, fertile valley. The town proper was founded on April 20, 1572 by Andrés Díaz Venero de Leiva. It was abandoned after its foundation until December 13, 1610, when Fray Tomas de Morales founded the Franciscan monastery of La Soledad on the same location. It was recognized officially as a villa on December 27, 1644 and formally re-founded by Francisco Pérez de Guzmán.
In 1696, Guadas became a parish seat, thanks to a charter from King Charles II. The convent was closed around 1805. In 1809 Fray Domingo de Petres, a Capuchin architect who also directed the construction of the Cathedral of Bogotá, began building a church in the village. The original convent building was subsequently transformed into a prison by order of the Congress of Cucuta.
Guaduas was a center of botanical experimentation, which included the introduction of níspero trees from the West Indies in the late 18th century. The crop is now widely cultivated in the region.
The provincial constitution of 1815 upgraded Guaduas to a canton, which in turn was incorporated into the province of Bogotá in 1824. The town experienced rapid growth after that. The first official school was opened in 1833, the town acquired the status of provincial capital in 1857, four years later the local hospital was founded, and in 1871 it was connected to the national telegraph network.
The 7 Wonders of Guaduas
In 2007, the school community of Guaduas picked 7 of the locality's most notable features or locations:
- Convento de la Soledad Currently houses the Municipal Government, Simon Bolívar and Antonio Nariño are known to have stayed here. Built by Father Thomas Morales on December 13, 1610, this was the town's first colonial building.
- Navarro bridge Inaugurated on January 16, 1899 and declared a National Monument on May 10, 1994 for its technical and aesthetic merits and relevance in national history as well as an example of engineering in Colombia.
- Puerto Gallot Located 3 km from the Inspectorate of Puerto Bogota, the first river port in the new Kingdom of Granada. Well-preserved colonial buildings.
- Salavarrieta Policarpa House Museum House where Policarpa Salavarrieta was born and lived.
- Aboriginal settlement Located 22 km from the town. Archaeological pieces that date from about 200 BC C., fossilized stones and other samples are still routinely found here.
- Mirador Piedra Capira Overlook point that covers much of the region, including the snow-covered Magdalena Ruiz, Santa Isabel and Tolima.
- Puerto Bogotá One of the most well-known historical locations in Guaduas. Dating from 1555, there are plans to build a theme park there to showcase the culture and history not only of Guaduas, or Cundinamarca but the Republic of Colombia as a whole.
- Policarpa Salavarrieta, national heroine.