|Department of Guainía
Departamento de Guainía
|• Governor||Wilson Ladino Vigoya|
|• Total||72,238 km2 (27,891 sq mi)|
|• Density||0.56/km2 (1.4/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||CO-GUA|
Guainía (Spanish pronunciation: [ɡwaiˈni.a]; Yuri language: Land of many waters) is a department of Colombia. It is in the east of the country, bordering Venezuela and Brazil. Its capital is Inirida. In 1963 Guainía was split off from Vaupés. The northern part and the Inírida River are included in the Orinoco river basin; the rest is part of Amazonia. The Guaviare River is the main area of colonization, many colonos come from the Colombian Andean zone, most of them from Boyacá. They are followed by the llaneros, people from the Eastern plains. The main population is composed by Native Indians, the big ethnic groups are the Puinave (from the makú-puinave family) and the curripaco (from the Arawak family). There are a total of 24 ethnic groups in the department, many of them speak four Indian languages besides Spanish and Portuguese.
There's only one municipality in Guainía: Inírida the capital. The rest of the territory is subdivided in corregimientos departamentales, a pending figure due to public disorder. This case happens only in Amazonas, Vaupés and Vichada. Barrancominas is the second biggest population and its main corregimiento; it is located in the Guaviare River.
The Guainía corregimientos are:
- (Spanish) Guainía Secretary of Education