Guangnan County

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Guangnan County
广南县
County
Location of Guangnan County (pink) within Wenshan Prefecture (yellow) and Yunnan
Location of Guangnan County (pink) within Wenshan Prefecture (yellow) and Yunnan
Guangnan County is located in Yunnan
Guangnan County
Guangnan County
Location of the seat in Yunnan
Coordinates: 24°03′N 105°04′E / 24.050°N 105.067°E / 24.050; 105.067Coordinates: 24°03′N 105°04′E / 24.050°N 105.067°E / 24.050; 105.067
Country People's Republic of China
Province Yunnan
Prefecture Wenshan
Area
 • Total 7,983 km2 (3,082 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 740,000
 • Density 93/km2 (240/sq mi)
Postal code 663300
Area code(s) 0876
Website http://www.yngn.gov.cn/

Guangnan County (simplified Chinese: 广南县; traditional Chinese: 廣南縣; pinyin: Guǎngnán Xiàn) is located in Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan province, China. The seat of Guangnan, known today as Liancheng (莲城镇), was the heart of the Gouding Kingdom (句町) that lasted from approximately 400 years, from 111 BC to 316 AD. (Johnson & Wang 2008).

Ethnic groups[edit]

The following information in this section is from the Guangnan County Almanac (广南县志) (2001).

  • Han
  • Zhuang
  • Miao
    • White Miao 白苗 (or Menglou 蒙娄)
    • Sinicized Miao 汉苗 AKA Lopsided Miao 偏苗 (or Mengsha 蒙纱)
    • "Meng Zhua" (蒙爪)
  • Yao
    • Landian [Blue Indigo] Yao 蓝靛瑶 (or Jinmen 金门)
    • Daban [Large Board] Yao 大板瑶 (or Yu Mian 育棉)
  • Yi: split into two official divisions of Pu 仆 and Luo 倮. Autonyms are: Nisupo 尼苏颇、Guo 果、Poluo 颇罗 (exonym: Axi 阿细)、Nishebei 尼舍杯、Nashepu 哪舍噗、Bugeng 布更、Gasou 嘎叟、Guwo 估涡、Mengpei 孟培、Mengpu 孟噗、Mengguobei 孟果杯、Lairen 徕人 (exonym: Laizi 徕子)
    • Pu 仆: Flowery Pula 花仆拉 (also called Pula 濮喇)、White Pula 白仆拉、Black Pula 黑仆拉
    • Luo 倮: Flowery Luo 花倮、Black Luo 黑倮、Chinese Luo 汉倮、Sandaohong 三道红、Lairen 徕人
  • Gelao
  • Hui
  • Mongol

Ethnic Zhuang and Han make up about 80% of the county's population, with each group making up about 40%.

Miao[edit]

There were 81,223 ethnic Miao individuals comprising 16,086 households as of 1995.

  • White Miao 白苗: most of the county, including Nalun 那伦乡 and Diyu 底于乡
  • Sinicized Miao 汉苗: Heizhiguo 黑支果乡、Nanping 南屏镇、Babao 八宝镇
  • "Meng Zhua" (蒙爪): Yanshang of Heizhiguo 黑支果乡岩上[1]、Dongguaping of Nanping 南屏镇冬瓜坪[2]、Sala of Yangliujing 杨柳井洒啦[3]

Yao[edit]

There were 14,707 ethnic Yao individuals comprising 2,673 households as of 1995.

  • Diyu Township (1,831 individuals, 323 households)
  • Babao Township (1,612 individuals, 281 households)
  • Zhetai Township (1,176 individuals, 175 households)
  • Jiumo Township (1,157 individuals, 226 households)
  • Yangliujing Township (1,092 individuals, 216 households)
  • Nasa Township (992 individuals, 188 households)
  • Heizhiguo Township (963 individuals, 165 households)

Yi[edit]

There were 35,879 ethnic Yi individuals comprising 7,001 households as of 1995, making up 5.21% of the county's total population.

  • Nisupo 尼苏颇: Longyang 龙秧, Zhetai 者太乡[4]
  • Guo 果: Weinaji 未那基, Zhetai 者太乡[5]
  • Guopo 果颇: Lao'an 老安, Zhetu 者兔乡[6]
  • Poguo 颇果 (or Pula 仆拉): Anwang 安王, Nanping 南屏镇[7]
  • Gasou 嘎叟: Anwang 安王, Nanping 南屏镇[8]
  • Guwo 估涡: Mumei 木媄, Babao 八宝镇[9]
  • Mengpei 孟培 (or Lairen 徕人): Wabiao 瓦标, Babao 八宝镇;[10] Yilang 夷郎, Heizhiguo 黑支果乡[11]
  • Meng 孟: Lisa 里洒, Babao 八宝镇[12]
  • Mengpu 孟噗: Dagulu 大咕噜, Heizhiguo 黑支果乡[13]
  • Bugeng 布更: Walong 挖聋, Nasa 那洒镇;[14][15] Amiao 阿渺, Zhuanjiao 篆角乡[16]
  • Nashepu 那舍噗: Changchong 长冲, Zhujie 珠街镇[17]
  • Kashepu 卡舍噗: Tuanqing 团箐, Shuguang 曙光镇[18]
  • Axi 阿细: Zhongzhai 中寨, Zhulin 珠琳镇[19]

Gelao[edit]

There are 157 ethnic Gelao.

  • Baishiyan 白石岩, Laozhai 老寨村, Babao Township 八宝镇[20] (56 people)
  • Xijide 西基得村, Zhulin Township 珠琳镇[21] (50 people)
  • Muyang 木秧, Shujie 鼠街村, Heizhiguo Township 黑支果乡[22] (29 people)

Hui[edit]

There were 1,306 ethnic Hui individuals comprising 314 households as of 1995. Most lived in Zhulin Township, which had 964 ethnic Hui individuals comprising 212 households. Liancheng Township, the county seat, had 161 ethnic Hui individuals comprising 51 households.

Mongol[edit]

There are 497 ethnic Mongols.

  • Heizhiguo 黑支果村, Heizhiguo Township 黑支果乡 (132 people, 23 households)
  • Longtan 龙滩村, Heizhiguo Township 黑支果乡 (126 people, 25 households)[23]
  • Shujie 鼠街村, Heizhiguo Township 黑支果乡 (24 people, 5 households)[24]
  • Liancheng Township (75 people)
  • Zhuanjiao Township (65 people)
  • Shuguang Township (52 people)

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Guangnan County (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 14.9
(58.8)
17.0
(62.6)
22.3
(72.1)
25.8
(78.4)
26.9
(80.4)
27.4
(81.3)
27.7
(81.9)
27.3
(81.1)
25.4
(77.7)
22.5
(72.5)
19.1
(66.4)
16.2
(61.2)
22.7
(72.9)
Average low °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
6.2
(43.2)
9.7
(49.5)
13.9
(57)
17.0
(62.6)
19.0
(66.2)
19.2
(66.6)
18.4
(65.1)
16.5
(61.7)
13.3
(55.9)
9.4
(48.9)
5.1
(41.2)
12.7
(54.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 16.4
(0.646)
19.2
(0.756)
28.9
(1.138)
58.9
(2.319)
143.9
(5.665)
171.0
(6.732)
193.3
(7.61)
187.9
(7.398)
107.8
(4.244)
63.8
(2.512)
38.9
(1.531)
12.1
(0.476)
1,042.1
(41.027)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 9.7 9.6 8.3 10.9 15.0 17.0 19.3 19.6 14.5 12.3 8.9 7.0 152.1
Source: Weather China

Transport[edit]

Historical sites[edit]

  • Grave of Princess Anhua (安化郡主). The 16-year-old princess, a full sister of the last (Southern) Ming emperor Zhu Youlang (the Yongli Emperor), died near Guangnan town in 1652, when the emperor was retreating from Guangxi to Yunnan.[25]
  • Ayong Bridge: built on the outstrected branches of trees from the two banks of the river
  • Ayong ancestral home of the Nong clan
  • Guima Bridge: a traditional wind-and-rain bridge that is the center for folk singing and recreation
  • Guima Hall of the Elders
  • Wang Peilun's Residence: Xiban Village 夕板村, Guangnan
  • The Tinglang (rest kiosks) of Xiban Village 夕板村, Guangnan
  • The ganlan houses of Tuotong Village 拖同村 and Dixian Village 底仙村

Historical villages include:

  • Heye 河野村[26]
  • Tuopai 拖派村[27]
  • Dixian 底仙村: notable for its unique ganlan houses found only there
  • Nabei 那贝村[28]
  • Tuotong 拖同村[29]
  • Gejia 革假村:[30] notable for its thousand-year-old banyan tree, and for its many natives who passed the civil examination to become jinshi 进士 (palace candidates) during the Qing Dynasty
  • Ayong 阿用[31]
  • Guima 贵马[32]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=213719
  2. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=229593
  3. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=203547
  4. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=202448
  5. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=202429
  6. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=140902
  7. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=229619
  8. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=229619
  9. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=258718
  10. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=258883
  11. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=213801
  12. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=258866
  13. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=213861
  14. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=194035
  15. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=194034
  16. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=213255
  17. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=202293
  18. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=204888
  19. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=86681
  20. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=258826
  21. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=86785
  22. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=213886
  23. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=213860
  24. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=213874
  25. ^ 皇姑坟...明朝永历帝朱由榔之胞妹
  26. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=258713
  27. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=207921
  28. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=106202
  29. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=106193
  30. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=217357
  31. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=203525
  32. ^ http://www.ynszxc.gov.cn/villagePage/vIndex.aspx?departmentid=193990
  • Guangnan County Almanac 广南县志 (2001).
  • Johnson, Eric and Wang Mingfu (2008). "Zhuang cultural and linguistic heritage". SIL International and the Nationalities Publishing House of Yunnan.

External links[edit]