Guangshen Railway Company,
the operator of Guangshen Railway
|Track gauge:||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Voltage:||25 kV AC 50 Hz AC|
|Maximum speed:||200 km/h (120 mph) (Line 1 & 2)
160 km/h (99 mph) (Line 3 & 4)
Guangshen Railway or Guangzhou–Shenzhen Railway (Chinese: 广深铁路 or 广深线), also known as the Chinese Section of the Canton-Kowloon Railway (Chinese: 廣九鐵路華段) in 1911-1949, is a railway in Guangdong province in the People's Republic of China, between Guangzhou and Shenzhen. It is operated by Guangshen Railway Company Limited, a subsidiary of Guangzhou Railway Group Co. Ltd..
With a length of 147 kilometres, it was the first railway in the People's Republic of China to reach the speed of 220 km/h in some sections, though it is limited to about 200 km/h during commercial operation. Now it has four tracks between Guangzhou East and Shenzhen railway station. Line 1 and 2 are up-direction and down-direction 200-km/h passenger lines for CRH EMU respectively, and Line 3 and 4 are up-direction and down-direction 160-km/h mixed passenger and freight line respectively. In order to reduce the interference to passenger trains in the daytime from lower -speed freight trains, most freight trains will be scheduled to run at night.
Guangshen Railway connects with several other important railways to different directions. It links Jingguang railway and Guangmao railway in Guangzhou, Jingjiu railway in Dongguan (with which shares two regular speed track), and the East Rail Line to Hong Kong at the southern end of the railway. Besides, there are some branch lines along Guangshen Railway, such as Pingyan railway to Yantian Port, Pingnan railway to Shenzhen West railway station and also the line to Huangbu Port.
The idea of constructing a railway linking Canton (now Guangzhou) and Kowloon in Hong Kong, a British crown colony, was begun in the late Qing Dynasty. In 1899, Qing government and Britain agreed to construct the Kowloon-Canton Railway (KCR), but Britain postponed the construction as she was busy at the Second Boer War in Africa. In 1907, Qing government and Britain formally signed an agreement in Peking on issuing 100 million pounds sterling bond as part of loan for the construction of the Chinese Section of the Kowloon-Canton Railway. In July 1907, British Section of the KCR started to build first. Then the construction of Chinese section was delayed and started from 1909. Under the loan contract, China needed to employ the British engineers for the construction of Chinese section, but China still employed famous Chinese railway engineers, Zhan Tianyou, as a consultant. At 8 October 1911, the Chinese section of KCR with total length of 142.77 km was opened. The northern end of railway at that time was located in Dashatou (Chinese: 大沙头), Guangzhou, where was demolished in 1951. The through train service between Kowloon and Guangzhou also started to operate at the same time.
After the establishment of People's Republic of China in October 1949, the 'Chinese Section of the Canton-Kowloon Railway' was renamed 'Guangshen Railway', and repair the railroad damaged during the war. In 1967, railway department carried out a comprehensive maintenance on Guangshen railway to improve the transport capacity. From 1980s, since the economic reform policy of China, the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone was established. The rapid economic development in the Pearl River Delta region brought large amount of importing goods and passengers to the railway. Therefore, the second line of Guangshen Railway was constructed during 1984 - 1987 in order to meet the huge demand. Simultaneously Guangshen Railway Company (the predecessor of Guangshen Railway Co., Ltd.), which was directly subordinated to the Guangzhou Railway Bureau (now Guangzhou Railway Group Co. Ltd.), was established. This company was in charge of the construction works and operational management of Guangshen Railway. In 1987, Guangshen Railway became the first double-track railway in Guangdong province.
Indeed, Guangshen Railway is the first place in China to carry out successfully speed-up on the existing railroad. At the beginning of the 1990s, Guangzhou Railway Bureau and the Ministry of Railways carried out the pre-feasibility research about raising the maximum speed of passenger trains to 160 km/h. At 28 December 1991, the construction of the third line of Guangshen Railway, and the speed-up improvement works of original double tracks started. In October 1994, the maximum speed of a train reached 174 km/h during the test. At 22 December 1994, the first sub-high speed (160 km/h) passenger train in China started commercial operation between Guangzhou and Shenzhen.
In 1998, the electrification of two sub-high speed lines of Guangshen Railway was finished. After the improvement the 200 km/h high speed trains are allowed to run on the existing subhigh speed railroad. A Swedish-built X 2000 tilting train called 'Xinshisu' began to serve intercity train service between Guangzhou and Shenzhen, as well as the through train to Hong Kong. The train are 165m long, consisting of a power car, five passenger cars, and a trailing car. The non-power cars can have a pitch of up to 8 degrees.They are noted for being very quiet (less than 65 dBA) even at 200 km/h.
Construction of the fourth track was commenced at 31 December 2005, and was finished at 18 April 2007. Since then Guangshen Railway has been the first four-track railway in mainland China and it allows passenger trains and freight trains to run on separate lines.
Guangshen Intercity Trains
As of 2009, intercity train service between Guangzhou and Shenzhen uses 8-car CRH1A highspeed EMU. There are 100 pairs of trains operated daily, in which 98 pairs will stop for 1.5 minutes at three stations: Zhangmutou, Dongguan and Shilong. On the ‘As-frequent-as-buses’ basis, one pair of trains is dispatched every 5 minutes on average during peak hours. The fastest journey time is 52 minutes between Guangzhou East and Shenzhen for D7002 and D7008 with no stop.
|Name||Chinese name||Grade||Location||Distance from Guangzhou Railway Station||Notes|
|Yuexiu District, Guangzhou||0||The departure station for minor Guangzhou - Shenzhen intercity trains (CRH)|
|Yunlu||雲麓||4||Yuexiu District, Guangzhou||4||Not for passenger service.|
|Guangzhou East||广州东||Top class||Tianhe District, Guangzhou||8||The stop and departure station for all Guangzhou - Shenzhen intercity trains (CRH)|
|Shipai||石牌||4||Tianhe District, Guangzhou||12|
|Jishan||吉山||3||Tianhe District, Guangzhou||20|
|Xiayuan||下元||3||Huangpu District, Guangzhou||27||Not for passenger service.|
|Nangang||南岗||4||Huangpu District, Guangzhou||32|
|Xintang||新塘||4||Xintang Town, Zengcheng City, Guangzhou||39|
|Shapu||沙浦||5||Xintang Town, Zengcheng City, Guangzhou||45|
|Xiancun||仙村||4||Xintang Town, Zengcheng City, Guangzhou||51|
|Shitan||石滩||4||Shitan Town, Zengcheng City, Guangzhou||60|
|Honghai||红海||4||Shilong Town, Dongguan||64||Not for passenger service.|
|Shilong||石龙||3||Shilong Town, Dongguan||69|
|Chashan||茶山||4||Chashan Town, Dongguan||75|
|Nanshe||南社||4||Chashan Town, Dongguan||78|
|Hengli||橫瀝||4||Hengli Town, Dongguan||84|
|Dongguan||东莞||2||Changping Town, Dongguan||90|
|Zhangmutou||樟木頭||3||Zhangmutou Town, Dongguan||103|
|Tangtouxia||塘头厦||4||Tangxia Town, Dongguan||114|
|Tiantangwei||天堂围||4||Fenggang Town, Dongguan||122|
|Pinghu||平湖||4||Longgang District, Shenzhen||127|
|Shenzhen East||布吉||3||Longgang District, Shenzhen||139|
|Sungang||笋岗||1||Luohu District, Shenzhen||144||Not for passenger service.|
|Shenzhen||深圳||1||Luohu District, Shenzhen||147||The departure station for all Guangzhou - Shenzhen intercity trains (CRH)|
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