Guangzhou–Shenzhen Railway

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the Chinese Section of the Canton-Kowloon Railway. For the British Section of the Canton-Kowloon Railway, see East Rail Line.
Guangshen Railway
Guangshen Railway Company, the operator of Guangshen Railway
Guangshen Railway Company,
the operator of Guangshen Railway
Line number: 4
Track gauge: 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Voltage: 25 kV AC 50 Hz AC
Electrification: Catenary
Maximum speed: 200 km/h (120 mph) (Line 1 & 2)
160 km/h (99 mph) (Line 3 & 4)
 Jingguang railway, Guangmao railway 
Guangzhou0 km
Yunlu4 km
Guangzhou East8 km
Shipai12 km
Jishan20 km
Xiayuan27 km
Nangang32 km
Xintang39 km
Shapu45 km
Xiancun51 km
Shitan60 km
Honghai64 km
Shilong69 km
Chashan75 km
Nanshe78 km
Hengli84 km
Dongguan90 km
Dongguan East
 Jingjiu railway 
Zhangmutou103 km
Tangtouxia114 km
Shigu119 km
Pinghu127 km
Pinghu South
 Pingyan railway to Yantian District in Shenzhen 
 Pingnan railway to Shenzhen West 
Shenzhen East139 km
Sungang144 km
Shenzhen147 km
Lowu Bridge, the border between HKSAR & Shenzhen
 East Rail Line of MTR 
Guangshen Railway
Traditional Chinese 廣深鐵路
Simplified Chinese 广深铁路

Guangshen Railway or Guangzhou–Shenzhen Railway (Chinese: 广深铁路 or 广深线), also known as the Chinese Section of the Kowloon-Canton Railway (Chinese: 廣九鐵路華段) in 1911-1949, is a railway in Guangdong province in the People's Republic of China, between Guangzhou and Shenzhen. It is operated by Guangshen Railway Company Limited, a subsidiary of Guangzhou Railway Group Co. Ltd..

With a length of 147 kilometres, it was the first railway in the People's Republic of China to reach the speed of 220 km/h in some sections, though it is limited to about 200 km/h during commercial operation. Now it has four tracks between Guangzhou East and Shenzhen railway station. Line 1 and 2 are up-direction and down-direction 200-km/h passenger lines for CRH EMU respectively, and Line 3 and 4 are up-direction and down-direction 160-km/h mixed passenger and freight line respectively. In order to reduce the interference to passenger trains in the daytime from lower -speed freight trains, most freight trains will be scheduled to run at night.

Guangshen Railway connects with several other important railways to different directions. It links Jingguang railway and Guangmao railway in Guangzhou, Jingjiu railway in Dongguan (with which shares two regular speed track), and the East Rail Line to Hong Kong at the southern end of the railway. Besides, there are some branch lines along Guangshen Railway, such as Pingyan railway to Yantian Port, Pingnan railway to Shenzhen West railway station and also the line to Huangbu Port.

Cross-border services from Hong Kong to Dongguan (Changping), Guangzhou East, Foshan and Zhaoqing, as well as to Beijing West and Shanghai use its route.

History[edit]

The idea of constructing a railway linking Canton (now Guangzhou) and Kowloon in Hong Kong, a British crown colony, was begun in the late Qing Dynasty. In 1899, Qing government and Britain agreed to construct the Kowloon-Canton Railway (KCR), but Britain postponed the construction as she was busy at the Second Boer War in Africa. In 1907, Qing government and Britain formally signed an agreement in Peking on issuing 100 million pounds sterling bond as part of loan for the construction of the Chinese Section of the Kowloon-Canton Railway. In July 1907, British Section of the KCR started to build first. Then the construction of Chinese section was delayed and started from 1909. Under the loan contract, China needed to employ the British engineers for the construction of Chinese section, but China still employed famous Chinese railway engineers, Zhan Tianyou, as a consultant. At 8 October 1911, the Chinese section of KCR with total length of 142.77 km was opened.[1] The northern end of railway at that time was located in Dashatou (Chinese: 大沙头), Guangzhou, where was demolished in 1951. The through train service between Kowloon and Guangzhou also started to operate at the same time.

After the establishment of People's Republic of China in October 1949, the 'Chinese Section of the Canton-Kowloon Railway' was renamed 'Guangshen Railway', and repair the railroad damaged during the war. In 1967, railway department carried out a comprehensive maintenance on Guangshen railway to improve the transport capacity. From 1980s, since the economic reform policy of China, the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone was established. The rapid economic development in the Pearl River Delta region brought large amount of importing goods and passengers to the railway. Therefore, the second line of Guangshen Railway was constructed during 1984 - 1987 in order to meet the huge demand. Simultaneously Guangshen Railway Company (the predecessor of Guangshen Railway Co., Ltd.), which was directly subordinated to the Guangzhou Railway Bureau (now Guangzhou Railway Group Co. Ltd.), was established. This company was in charge of the construction works and operational management of Guangshen Railway. In 1987, Guangshen Railway became the first double-track railway in Guangdong province.

Image gallery[edit]

Indeed, Guangshen Railway is the first place in China to carry out successfully speed-up on the existing railroad. At the beginning of the 1990s, Guangzhou Railway Bureau and the Ministry of Railways carried out the pre-feasibility research about raising the maximum speed of passenger trains to 160 km/h. At 28 December 1991, the construction of the third line of Guangshen Railway, and the speed-up improvement works of original double tracks started. In October 1994, the maximum speed of a train reached 174 km/h during the test. At 22 December 1994, the first sub-high speed (160 km/h) passenger train in China started commercial operation between Guangzhou and Shenzhen.

4th line of Guangshen Railway in construction

In 1998, the electrification of two sub-high speed lines of Guangshen Railway was finished. After the improvement the 200 km/h high speed trains are allowed to run on the existing subhigh speed railroad. A Swedish-built X 2000 tilting train called 'Xinshisu' began to serve intercity train service between Guangzhou and Shenzhen, as well as the through train to Hong Kong. The train are 165m long, consisting of a power car, five passenger cars, and a trailing car. The non-power cars can have a pitch of up to 8 degrees.They are noted for being very quiet (less than 65 dBA) even at 200 km/h.

Construction of the fourth track was commenced at 31 December 2005, and was finished at 18 April 2007. Since then Guangshen Railway has been the first four-track railway in mainland China and it allows passenger trains and freight trains to run on separate lines.

Guangshen Intercity Trains[edit]

Tickets of Intercity Trains
CRH1A running on Guangshen Railway

As of 2009, intercity train service between Guangzhou and Shenzhen uses 8-car CRH1A highspeed EMU. There are 100 pairs of trains operated daily, in which 98 pairs will stop for 1.5 minutes at three stations: Zhangmutou, Dongguan and Shilong. On the ‘As-frequent-as-buses’ basis, one pair of trains is dispatched every 5 minutes on average during peak hours. The fastest journey time is 52 minutes between Guangzhou East and Shenzhen for D7002 and D7008 with no stop.

Rolling stock[edit]

Time Rolling stocks using by Guangshen intercity trains
Before 1966 SL6 steam locomotive hauling 21 Series / 22 Series railway carriages
1966 ~ mid-1970s SL6 steam locomotive / Dongfanghong1 / DF diesel locomotive (from 1972) hauling 21 Series / 22 Series railway carriage
Dongfanghong1 / DF diesel locomotive(from 1972) hauling 24 Series railway carriages with air-conditioning (91/92 Express)
1970s ~ late 1994 Locomotives: DF3 / ND2 / DF4B (from 1985) / DF9 diesel locomotive(from 1990s)
Passenger coaches: 24 Series with air-conditioning / 25 Series / 22 Series / 22 Series railway carriages with air-conditioning
Late 1994 ~ 1998 Locomotives:DF4B / DF9 / DF11 diesel locomotive
Passenger coaches:22 Series / Double-deck 25B Series with air-conditioning / 25Z Series
1998 ~ 2004 DF4B diesel locomotive hauling 22 Series / Double-deck 25B Series with air-conditioning /
SS8 electric locomotive / DF11 diesel locomotive hauling 25Z Series / 25C Series railway carriage
DDJ1 EMU(mid-1999 ~ mid-2000)
Xianfenghao EMU(2001)
X2000 tilting train
DJJ1 EMU (Blue Arrow)(from 2001)
2004 ~ 2006 DF4B diesel locomotive hauling Double-deck 25B Series with air-conditioning /
SS8 electric locomotive / DF11 diesel locomotive hauling 25Z Series / 25C Series railway carriage
X2000 tilting train / DJJ1 EMU (Blue Arrow)
2007 ~ DF11 diesel locomotive hauling 25Z Series railway carriage (Until 25 April 2007)
DF4B diesel locomotive hauling Double-deck 25B Series with air-conditioning (Until 30 June 2007)
DJJ1 EMU (Blue Arrow) (Until 25 April 2007)
CRH1A EMU (from 1 February 2007)

Stations[edit]

Existing stations[edit]

Name Chinese name Grade Location Distance from Guangzhou Railway Station Notes
Guangzhou 广州 Top class
(Chinese:特等站)
Yuexiu District, Guangzhou 0 The departure station for minor Guangzhou - Shenzhen intercity trains (CRH)
Yunlu 雲麓 4 Yuexiu District, Guangzhou 4 Not for passenger service.
Guangzhou East 广州东 Top class Tianhe District, Guangzhou 8 The stop and departure station for all Guangzhou - Shenzhen intercity trains (CRH)
Shipai 石牌 4 Tianhe District, Guangzhou 12
Jishan 吉山 3 Tianhe District, Guangzhou 20
Xiayuan 下元 3 Huangpu District, Guangzhou 27 Not for passenger service.
Nangang 南岗 4 Huangpu District, Guangzhou 32
Xintang 新塘 4 Xintang Town, Zengcheng City, Guangzhou 39
Shapu 沙浦 5 Xintang Town, Zengcheng City, Guangzhou 45
Xiancun 仙村 4 Xintang Town, Zengcheng City, Guangzhou 51
Shitan 石滩 4 Shitan Town, Zengcheng City, Guangzhou 60
Honghai 红海 4 Shilong Town, Dongguan 64 Not for passenger service.
Shilong 石龙 3 Shilong Town, Dongguan 69
Chashan 茶山 4 Chashan Town, Dongguan 75
Nanshe 南社 4 Chashan Town, Dongguan 78
Hengli 橫瀝 4 Hengli Town, Dongguan 84
Dongguan 东莞 2 Changping Town, Dongguan 90
Zhangmutou 樟木頭 3 Zhangmutou Town, Dongguan 103
Tangtouxia 塘头厦 4 Tangxia Town, Dongguan 114
Shigu 石鼓 4 Shigu village, Dongguan 119
Pinghu 平湖 4 Longgang District, Shenzhen 127
Shenzhen East 布吉 3 Longgang District, Shenzhen 139
Sungang 笋岗 1 Luohu District, Shenzhen 144 Not for passenger service.
Shenzhen 深圳 1 Luohu District, Shenzhen 147 The departure station for all Guangzhou - Shenzhen intercity trains (CRH)

Revoked stations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]