Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link
|Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link|
Shenzhen section of the railway under construction in May 2011
|Locale||Guangdong, China and Kowloon, Hong Kong|
|Operator(s)||China Railway High-speed (MTR Corporation Limited for through service with Kowloon, Hong Kong)|
|Line length||142 km (88.23 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||25kV AC 50Hz|
|Operating speed||350 km/h (220 mph) (Guangshen section)
200 km/h (120 mph) (Hong Kong section)
Route of Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong XRL
(Guangshen section in red and Hong Kong section in blue)
|Transit type||Passenger high-speed rail|
|Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link|
|Alternative Chinese name|
Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link (XRL), also known as Guangshen'gang XRL (officially Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong High-Speed Railway, Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Section), is an express railway to be open in phases between 2011 and 2017. It will connect Panyu, Guangzhou, Guangdong in the north via Shenzhen to Kowloon, Hong Kong.
Revenue operation began in December 2011, between Shenzhen North Station and Guangzhou South Station. Service is to be extended to Futian Railway Station, in Shenzhen's city centre, when the station opens around December 2014, and the final section to Kowloon, Hong Kong is planned to be opened in 2017.
It is divided into two sections, the Guangshen section with four to six stations, and the Hong Kong section, with one station. Service on the Guangshen section officially opened on December 26, 2011. Construction of the Hong Kong Section began on January 2010, with service scheduled to open in 2017. It was originally anticipated to complete in 2015, but due to a damaged tunnel boring machine it has been delayed until 2017. In October 2014 an MTR report warned that the revised budget of HK$71.5 might be at risk.
Under the current plan the total distance will be 142 kilometres, and the expected travel time from West Kowloon Terminus in Kowloon to Guangzhou South Railway Station in Shibi, Guangzhou will be 48 minutes. It will be connected with the Wuguang High-Speed Railway at Guangzhou South Station, and the Xiamen–Shenzhen Railway at Shenzhen North Railway Station.
The Guangshen section connects Guangzhou, Dongguan, and Shenzhen in Guangdong. The total distance is 116 kilometres and the expected travel time between Guangzhou's Guangzhou South Railway Station (廣州南站) and Shenzhen's Futian Station (福田) is 36 minutes. Construction cost will be covered by the Guangdong Province People's Government and the Ministry of Railways of the People's Republic of China.
Apart from Guangzhou South and Futian, there are four stations in between, from north to south, Qingsheng (庆盛站), Humen (虎门站), Guangming (光明城站) and Shenzhen North (深圳北站). At Guangzhou South Station it is connected in the north to the Wuhan-Guangzhou Passenger Railway, with through service scheduled to begin April 1, in the south to the Guangzhou-Zhuhai Intercity Railway and in the west to the future Guizhou-Guangzhou Railway. At Shenzhen North Station it will be connected to the Xiashen section of the Southeast Coastal Express Railway.
A 10.8-km-long Shiziyang Tunnel has been built to allow the railway cross the Shiziyang Channel (Chinese: 狮子洋) of the Pearl River between the Dongchong and Humen Stations. The completion of the tunnel was reported in March 2011.
- Guangzhou South Railway Station (廣州南站) - Opened 31.1.2010
- Qingsheng (庆盛站) - Opened 26.12.2011
- Humen (虎门站) - Opened 26.12.2011
- Guangmingcheng (光明城站) - Opened 26.12.2011
- Shenzhen North (深圳北站) - Opened 26.12.2011
- Futian Railway Station (福田站) - Projected to be opened in July 2014
- West Kowloon (西九龍總站) - Projected to be opened in 2017
- Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Express Rail Link Hong Kong section
- Guangdong Through Train
- East Rail Line
- Kowloon–Canton Railway
- China Railway High-speed
- Guangzhou–Shenzhen Railway
- Pearl River Delta mega-city project
- "High speed rail link project delayed". RTHK. 16 April 2014.
- Flyvbjerg, Bent and Kao, Tsung-Chung and Budzier, Alexander, Report to the Independent Board Committee on the Hong Kong Express Rail Link Project (in MTR Independent Board Committee, Second Report by the Independent Board Committee on the Express Rail Link Project, MTR, Hong Kong, pp. A1-A122) (October 28, 2014).
- "High-speed rail to link Shenzhen, Guangzhou". asiaone.com. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- "Shenzhen Futian train station to start operation in 2014 - What's On Shenzhen". whatsonshenzhen.com. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
- Han Ximin (2012-03-14). "SZ-Wuhan high-speed trains to run in April". Shenzhen Daily. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- China starts work on first underwater railway tunnel
- China completes construction of world's fastest underwater railway tunnel, 2011-03-12
- MTR-Express Rail Link(Hong Kong)
- XRL Project, MTR official site
- expressrailtruth.com, Opposition site (Chinese)
- Hong Kong anti-rail protest gathers steam - FT.com
- Lee, Min (15 January 2010). "Hong Kongers protest high-speed rail link to China". The Washington Post. Associated Press.