Main street in front of post office
Guantánamo municipality (red) within
Guantánamo Province (yellow) and Cuba
|• Municipality||741.4 km2 (286.3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||46 m (151 ft)|
|• Density||280/km2 (740/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|Area code(s)||+53 21|
The municipality is mountainous in the north, where it overlays the Sierra Maestra (mountains), and borders the Windward Passage of the Caribbean Sea in the south. It is crossed by the Guantánamo, Yateras, Guaso, San Andrés and Sabanalamar rivers. The Guantánamo Bay is a natural harbour south of the city.
The municipality is divided into the barrios of Arroyo Hondo, Baitiquirí, Bano, Bayate, Caimanera, Camarones, Caridad, Corralillo, Cuatro Caminos, Filipinas, Glorieta, Gobierno, Guaso, Hospital, Indios, Isleta, Jaibo Abajo, Las Lajas, Macurijes, Mercado, Ocujal, Parroquia, Palma de San Juan, Rastro, Tiguabos and Vínculo.
About 15 km away from the city lies the Guantánamo Bay, a superior natural harbor which has been militarily occupied by the United States since 1898, when it was captured from Spain in the Battle of Guantánamo Bay, and was subsequently leased from Cuba in 1903 by the Cuban–American Treaty. It is the site of the Guantanamo Bay detention camp.
Notable natives of Guantánamo include athletes Joel Casamayor, Erislandy Lara, Yuriorkis Gamboa, Yumileidi Cumbá, Jaime Jefferson, Yargelis Savigne, Dayron Robles, Luis Delís, Cuban-American gymnast Annia Hatch, and cosmonaut Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez.
The song "Guantanamera"
"Guantanamera" (Spanish: "from Guantánamo [feminine]", thus "woman from Guantánamo") is perhaps the best known Cuban song and that country's most noted patriotic song. In 1966, a version by American vocal group The Sandpipers, based on an arrangement by Pete Seeger, became an international hit.
- Guije.com. "Guantánamo". Retrieved 2007-10-05. (Spanish)
- Statoids. "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-05.
- Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-05. (Spanish)
- Jonathan M. Hansen, Guantánamo: An American History. New York: Hill and Wang, 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Guantánamo.|
- Complete guide to Guantánamo City
- Detailed information about Zoologico de Piedra (Stone Zoo)
- Article about the prison history
- (Spanish) City webpage