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Coordinates: 20°39′S 40°30′W / 20.650°S 40.500°W Guarapari is a coastal town on the coast of Espírito Santo, Brazil. It is a part of Greater Vitoria. A municipal capital, it is located 47 km south of Vitória, of the state capital. Its population is 105,116 (2005) and its area is 592 km².
It is a well-known tourist destination, known for its curving white sand beaches backed by commercial development. With its heavily built-up coastline like Vila Velha and Vitória, it caters heavily to seasonal tourists, and consequently has quite a dramatic seasonal population fluctuation.
Within the municipality there is the Setiba nature reserve, a pristine example of a coastal ecosystem and important for local turtle and bird populations.
The municipality has had European presence since 1585 when Jesuit missionaries built a small chapel and dug a well. Guarapari has an extremely high level of background radiation, some 175 mSv per year. Along a roughly 500-mile portion of Brazil's Atlantic coast that runs from north of Rio de Janeiro up to the region south of Bahia, the sands of old beaches are naturally radioactive. Sea waves pound coastal mountains rich in monazite, a phosphate of rare earth metals containing uranium and thorium.
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