Guarapari

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Guarapari
Municipality
The Municipality of Guarapari
A view of Guarapari
A view of Guarapari
Flag of Guarapari
Flag
Official seal of Guarapari
Seal
Nickname(s): "Barra"
Location of Guarapari in the State of Espírito Santo
Location of Guarapari in the State of Espírito Santo
Coordinates: 20°39′S 40°30′W / 20.650°S 40.500°W / -20.650; -40.500
Country  Brazil
Region Southeast
State Bandeira do Espírito Santo.svg Espírito Santo
Founded 1679
Government
 • Mayor Orly Gomes (DEM)
Area
 • Total 592.231 km2 (228.662 sq mi)
  [1]
Elevation 15 m (49 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 105,286
 • Density 180/km2 (460/sq mi)
  [2]
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
HDI (2000) 0.731 – high[3]

Guarapari is a coastal town of Espírito Santo, Brazil. It is a part of Greater Vitoria, 47 km south of the state capital Vitória. Its population is 105,116 (2005) and its area is 592 km².

Guarapa.jpg

It is a well-known tourist destination, known for its curving white sand beaches backed by commercial development. With its heavily built-up coastline like Vila Velha and Vitória, it caters heavily to seasonal tourists, and consequently has quite a dramatic seasonal population fluctuation.

Within the municipality there is the Setiba nature reserve, a pristine example of a coastal ecosystem and important for local turtle and bird populations.

History[edit]

The municipality has had European presence since 1585 when Jesuit missionaries built a small chapel and dug a well. Guarapari has an extremely high level of background radiation, some 175 mSv per year (20μSv/h).[4][5] Along a roughly 500-mile portion of Brazil's Atlantic coast that runs from north of Rio de Janeiro up to the region south of Bahia, the sands of old beaches are naturally radioactive. Sea waves pound coastal mountains rich in monazite, a phosphate of rare earth metals containing uranium and thorium.[6][7]

References[edit]

External links[edit]