Guards Division (United Kingdom)

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For the equivalent formation in World War II, see Guards Armoured Division.
Guards Division
British Guards Division Insignia.png
Active First World War
August 1915 – 29 April 1919
Second World War
June 1945
Country United Kingdom
Branch British Army
Type Infantry
Engagements Battle of Loos
Battle of the Somme (1916)
Battle of Morval
Battle of Cambrai (1917)
Third Battle of Ypres

The Guards Division was a formation of the British Army that was formed in France in 1915 from battalions of the elite Guards regiments from the Regular Army. The division served on the Western Front for the duration of the First World War. The division's insignia was the "All Seeing Eye".

There was also a Guards Division in the Second World War which was formed on 12 June 1945 from the Guards Armoured Division which had undergone reorganisation.

Formation History[edit]

Order of Battle[edit]

The division comprised the following infantry brigades:

1st Guards Brigade 
2nd Guards Brigade 
  • 3rd Battalion, Grenadier Guards
  • 1st Battalion, Coldstream Guards
  • 1st Battalion, Scots Guards
  • 2nd Battalion, Irish Guards
3rd Guards Brigade 
  • 1st Battalion, Grenadier Guards
  • 4th Battalion, Grenadier Guards
  • 2nd Battalion, Scots Guards
  • 1st Battalion, Welsh Guards

Each brigade had an attached machine gun company; these were eventually regimented into the 4th Battalion, Machine Gun Guards. The 4th Battalion Coldstream Guards acted as the Division's pioneer battalion.

2nd Lieutenant John Kipling, son of the famous author Rudyard Kipling, served with the Guards Division in France as a platoon commander in the 2nd Battalion, Irish Guards. He was aged just 18, his birthday being only a month before, and was tragically killed in the 1915 Battle of Loos yet exactly how he died still remains a mystery even nearly 100 years later. His body has never been found.

Battles[edit]

Commanders[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]