Guarulhos

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the city. For the airport, see São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport.

Coordinates: 23°28′00″S 46°32′00″W / 23.46667°S 46.53333°W / -23.46667; -46.53333

Guarulhos
Municipality
The Municipality of Guarulhos
Guarulhos
Guarulhos
Flag of Guarulhos
Flag
Coat of arms of Guarulhos
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Cidade Progresso (City Progress)
Location of Guarulhos
Location of Guarulhos
Guarulhos is located in Brazil
Guarulhos
Guarulhos
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 23°28′00″S 46°32′00″W / 23.46667°S 46.53333°W / -23.46667; -46.53333
Country  Brazil
Region Southeast
State Bandeira do estado de São Paulo.svg São Paulo
Demonym guaruihense
Founded December 8, 1560
Government
 • Mayor Sebastiao Almeida (PT)
Area
 • Total 318 km2 (123 sq mi)
Elevation 759 m (2,490 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 1,299,283 (12th)
 • Density 4,035.26/km2 (10,451.3/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal Code 07000-000
Area code(s) +55 11
Website Guarulhos, São Paulo

Guarulhos (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɡwaˈɾuʎus]) is a Brazilian municipality in the state of São Paulo. It is the second most populous city in the Brazilian state of São Paulo, the 13th most populous city in Brazil, and the 53rd most populous on the continent. It pertains to the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo city. In the last few years it has outgrown Campinas. The population in 2006 is 1,283,253, the population density is 4,035.26 inh./km², and the area is 318 km². It is the most populous non-capital city in the country and has the 2nd largest GDP in the state--as well as the 8th largest in the country.

Overview[edit]

Ranks 8th by GDP among Brazilian cities; 2nd in São Paulo state. (source:IBGE, Brazil's national institute of statistics. GDP by cities report, published in 2005 with data from 2002).

It is the 10th largest suburb in the world.

The name comes from the Tupi language, and means Eaters, big-bellied people; a reference to the original indigenous inhabitants of the area.

The per capita income for the municipality is R$12,793.

São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport (GRU), one of the main Brazilian airports, is located there.

Mamonas Assassinas, a 1990s satirical pop/rock group, came from Guarulhos.

The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Guarulhos.

History[edit]

Guarulhos was founded on December 8, 1560 by the Jesuit priest Manuel de Paiva and entitled Nossa Senhora da Conceição. Its origin is linked to five other small villages that were in charge of defending the boundaries of São Paulo de Piratininga Village against the Tamoios, a wild tribe of Indians that lived in that region.[1]

In the 16th Century, Guarulhos was a strategic location: bordered the future São Paulo’s Capital and surrounded by the rivers Tietê (south), and Cabuçu (east). On that same period was established, for similar purposes, São Miguel Village, called nowadays São Miguel Paulista District.

In 1880, Guarulhos was emancipated from São Paulo and named Nossa Senhora da Conceição dos Guarulhos. Its current name, Guarulhos was adopted later, after the enactment of the law # 1.021, on November 6, 1906.

At the beginning of the twentieth century the City was remarked by the settlement of railroads and the power electricity system (Light & Power C.O.), by numerous requests for the implantation of a telephone System, industrial buildings permits, by commercial activities and public transportation.

During the 30’s the city witnessed the actions of the Federal Intervention, and the Constitutional Movement (Reflections of the Revolution that marked the end of the "Old Republic" during the 30’s in Brazil).

In 1940 the Monteiro Lobato Municipal Library is founded, in 1941 the first Health Center of the city, and ten years after that the Holy House of Mercy of Guarulhos is established. On that decade arrive in the municipality Industries from different sectors: electricity; metallurgy; plastics; food; rubber; footwear; vehicles; clocks and leather.[2]

In 1945 the São Paulo’s Air Base (BASP) was transferred from the Campo de Marte, a little airport in São Paulo, to Cumbica neighborhood in Guarulhos.

In 1958 the Rotary Club establishes a branch in the city.

In 1963 The Commercial & Industrial Association of Guarulhos is founded, nowadays the institution is called Commerce & Business Association of Guarulhos (Associação Comercial e Empresarial de Guarulhos- ACE).

With the big boom of the Industrial sector, a large number of manpower was drawn. This new population settled themselves in urban area on a continuous process of land occupation. At this rate the population grew from 35,000 in 1950 to 101,000 in 1960, from 237,000 in 1970 to 532,726 in 1980. Most of these citizens devoted themselves to Industrial activities in Guarulhos (that hosts around 2,000 establishments), and São Paulo.[3]

In 1985 the Cumbica Airport is opened.[4] Today it is called “International Airport of São Paulo-Guarulhos Governor André Franco Montoro” (Aeroporto Internacional de São Paulo-Guarulhos Governador André Franco Montoro), the 2nd biggest Airport in Latin America.[5]

Between 2000 and 2006 its population grew three times as much as São Paulo State. According to IBGE, Guarulhos is the second most populous city in the State after São Paulo Capital. Most of its population is economically active and evenly distributed in terms of gender.[6]

Currently the City Council of Guarulhos has 34 aldermen.

Notable residents[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).[7]

Climate data for Guarulhos
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
28
(83)
27
(80)
25
(77)
23
(73)
22
(71)
21
(70)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(76)
26
(79)
27
(80)
24.6
(76.3)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
19
(67)
18
(64)
14
(58)
13
(56)
12
(53)
12
(54)
14
(57)
16
(61)
18
(64)
18
(65)
16.2
(61.3)
Avg. precipitation days 14 9 11 6 7 7 6 7 9 10 10 13 109
Source: Weatherbase [8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "História da Cidade" (in Portuguese). novo.guarulhos.sp.gov.br/. Retrieved 2011-05-30. 
  2. ^ "História da Cidade" (in Portuguese). novo.guarulhos.sp.gov.br/. Retrieved 2011-05-30. 
  3. ^ "IBGE Cidades Guarulhos-SP Histórico" (in Portuguese). www.ibge.gov.br/. Retrieved 2011-05-30. 
  4. ^ Kishi, Massami. "GUarulhos sec. XX". guaru.com.br/. Retrieved 2011-05-30. 
  5. ^ OAG MAX Online. "Top 100 Airports by Seat Capacity Available on International Departing Flights". Retrieved 2011-05-30. 
  6. ^ "IBGE Cidades Guarulhos-SP População" (in Portuguese). www.ibge.gov.br/. Retrieved 2011-05-30. 
  7. ^ Climate Summary for Guarulhos
  8. ^ "Weatherbase.com". 2013.  Retrieved on July 29, 2013.

External links[edit]

Media related to Guarulhos at Wikimedia Commons