Guastalla

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Guastalla
Comune
Città di Guastalla
Guastalla Piazza Mazzini Aerea.jpg
Coat of arms of Guastalla
Coat of arms
Guastalla is located in Italy
Guastalla
Guastalla
Location of Guastalla in Italy
Coordinates: 44°55′N 10°40′E / 44.917°N 10.667°E / 44.917; 10.667
Country Italy
Region Emilia-Romagna
Province Reggio Emilia (RE)
Frazioni Pieve, San Giacomo, San Giorgio, San Girolamo, San Martino, San Rocco, Tagliata
Government
 • Mayor Giorgio Benaglia
Area
 • Total 52.5 km2 (20.3 sq mi)
Elevation 24 m (79 ft)
Population (31 September 2009)
 • Total 15,202
 • Density 290/km2 (750/sq mi)
Demonym Guastallesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 42016
Dialing code 0522
Patron saint St. Francis
Saint day October 4
Website Official website

Guastalla is a town and comune in the province of Reggio Emilia in Emilia-Romagna, Italy.

Geography[edit]

Guastalla is situated in the Po Valley, and lies on the banks of the Po River. Guastalla is located at around 30 km from the cities of Reggio Emilia, Parma, and Mantova.

History[edit]

The area of Guastalla was probably settled by Etruscans as early as the 7th century BCE, but the name of the city is mentioned for the first time in 864 CE. Of Lombard origin, the city was ruled by the Torelli family from 1406 to 1539, when it became the capital of a duchy under the Gonzaga family and housed artists like Guercino and Torquato Tasso.

In 1748, by the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, the city became part of the Duchy of Parma, Piacenza e Guastalla, to which it belonged until 1847, when it was inherited by the Duke of Modena. Since the unification of Italy in 1861 Guastalla has been a part of Italy.

Industry[edit]

Smalterie Metallurgiche Emiliane Guastall (Smeg), a manufacturer of world famous designer domestic appliances, was founded and still has its headquarters in Guastalla. Vittorio Bertazzoni founded the company in the village in 1948 and the company still remains in the private ownership of the Bertazzoni family. Smeg is best known for its FAB range of 1950s-style, retro refrigerators with curved corners in a variety of non-traditional colours and patterns. The company, which began as a metal enamelling factory, also manufactures dishwashers, washing machines and other appliances.

Main sights[edit]

  • The Cathedral (16th century) by Francesco da Volterra.
  • The Ducal Palace of Guastalla (1567).
  • The Civic Theatre Ruggero Ruggeri (1671).
  • The Town Hall.
  • The octagonal Oratory of Madonna della Concezione.
  • The church of Santa Maria dei Servi, designed by Francesco da Volterra. Noteworthy in the interior is a Deposition, canvas by Giuseppe Maria Crespi.
  • The Civic Tower (18th century), in the location where once was the Spanish Castle

In the Guastalla communal territory is also home to:

  • The Romanesque Oratory of St. George (probably from the 9th century).
  • The Basilica of St. Peter at Pieve di Guastalla, which was seat of two Roman Catholic councils. It houses an ancient baptismal font (9th century) and painted terracotta portraying the Madonna with Child, attributed to Guido Mazzoni.

Twin Towns[edit]

Famous Residents[edit]

  • Ingrid Alberini, known as In-Grid. Italian pop-dance artist, known for the 2003 global dance hit Tu es foutu or "You Promised Me", born in Guastalla in 1978 and grew up in this town.
  • Vittorio Bertazzoni founded Smalterie Metallurgiche Emiliane Guastall (Smeg) in the village in 1948 as a metal enamelling factory.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]