Guaynabo, Puerto Rico

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Guaynabo, Puerto Rico
Municipality
Flag of Guaynabo, Puerto Rico
Flag
Nickname(s): Ciudad de los Conquistadores", "Pueblo del Carnaval Mabó", "Primer Poblado de Puerto Rico
Anthem: "Guaynabo, pueblo querido"
Location of Guaynabo in Puerto Rico
Location of Guaynabo in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°06′52″N 66°10′05″W / 18.11444°N 66.16806°W / 18.11444; -66.16806Coordinates: 18°06′52″N 66°10′05″W / 18.11444°N 66.16806°W / 18.11444; -66.16806
Country United States
Territory Puerto Rico
Founded 1769
Government
 • Mayor Hon. Héctor O'Neill García (PNP)
 • Senatorial dist. 1 - San Juan
 • Representative dist. 6 / 9
Area
 • Total 27.1 sq mi (70.2 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 97,924
 • Density 3,600/sq mi (1,400/km2)
Demonym Guaynabeño(s)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Zip code 00965, 00966, 00968, 00969, 00971, 00970
Website guaynabocity.gov.pr
Panorama of Central Plaza of Guaynabo, Puerto Rico

Guaynabo (Spanish pronunciation: [ɡwaiˈnaβo]) is a municipality in the northern part of Puerto Rico, located in the northern coast of the island, north of Aguas Buenas; south of Cataño; east of Bayamón; and west of San Juan. Guaynabo is spread over 9 wards and Guaynabo Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the suburb).

Guaynabo is considered, along with its neighbors - San Juan and the municipalities of Bayamón, Carolina, Cataño, Toa Alta, Canovanas, Caguas, Toa Baja, and Trujillo Alto - to be part of the Área Metropolitana (Metropolitan Area) of San Juan (the largest MSA in Puerto Rico. It is also part of the larger San Juan-Caguas-Fajardo Combined Statistical Area. The municipio has a land area of 27.13 square miles (70.3 km2) and a population of 97,924 as of the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The first European settlement in Puerto Rico, Caparra, was founded in 1508 by Juan Ponce de León in land that is today part of Guaynabo. Ponce de León resided there as first Spanish governor of Puerto Rico. This settlement was abandoned in 1521 in favor of San Juan. The ruins of Caparra remain and are a U.S. National Historic Landmark. The Museum of the Conquest and Colonization of Puerto Rico, which features artifacts from the site and others in Puerto Rico, is located on the grounds.

The municipality of Guaynabo was founded in 1769 by Pedro R. Davila (P.R.), after a struggle for division from the municipality of Bayamón. Previously, the municipality was known as "Buinabo", a name that means in Taíno "Aquí hay otro lugar de agua dulce" or "Here is another place of fresh water."

Cityscape[edit]

Barrios[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Landmarks and places of interest[edit]

  • Baldorioty de Castro Statue
  • Bellas Artes Center
  • Caparra Ruins
  • Caribe Recreational Center
  • Iglesia Parroquial de San Pedro Mártir
  • La Marquesa Forest Park
  • Mario 'Quijote' Morales Coliseum
  • San Patricio Plaza
  • Caparra Country Club
  • Garden Hills Plaza
  • Luis Vigoreaux Statue at the Luis Vigoreaux Boulevard
  • Museum Of Transportation

Economy[edit]

Long considered to be just a mostly rural, drive-by town for drivers who were going from San Juan to the western part of Puerto Rico, Guaynabo went through a large economic revitalization in the 1950s and 1960s. As a consequence, parts of the city have also served as a San Juan suburb preferred by upper-middle and high-income families. Today, Guaynabo has the highest per capita income in Puerto Rico. The neighborhoods of Garden Hills, Torrimar, San Patricio and Tintillo are among the upper-class neighborhoods located in Guaynabo that were built in the 1950s and 1960s, with the notable exception of Villa Caparra and Suchville, San Juan's first wealthy suburbs, which were built in the 1920s. Residential construction continued between the 1970s and 1990s, where hundreds of new upper middle class developments were built: Parkville, Mallorca, Tierra Alta, Prado Alto, Villas Reales, Ext. Villa Caparra, Mansiones de Guaynabo, La Colina, Mansiones Reales, and Palma Real, among many others.[citation needed]

As a result of the proliferation of upper middle class and wealthy neighborhoods, several prominent private schools were founded in Guaynabo, including Academia San José, Colegio Marista, which mainly instruct in Spanish, although most private schools extensively cover English to levels comparable to those of the mainland; and Parkville School, American Military Academy, Baldwin School, in the Guaynabo-Bayamón border, and Wesleyan Academy, which mainly instruct in English. The first modern shopping mall built in the Caribbean and Latin America, San Patricio Plaza, was built in Guaynabo in 1968, in the San Patricio sector next to Villa Caparra.[citation needed]

Guaynabo's skyline is filled with over a dozen high-rise buildings. Most are residential condominiums, but the buildings also include various major headquarters for banks and other businesses.[citation needed]

When Alejandro Cruz was Guaynabo's mayor, many sport facilities were built, such as Mario "Quijote" Morales Coliseum (then called Mets Pavilion). In addition, many manufacturing plants, such as the Hanes' plant, were established in Guaynabo. Guaynabo has, at different times, been voted the Most Picturesque and Cleanest Town in Puerto Rico[citation needed].

Several businesses have their headquarters or local Puerto Rican branches in Guaynabo. El Nuevo Día, Chrysler, Santander Securities, Puerto Rico Telephone, and many sales offices for large US firms (such as Texaco, Microsoft, American Airlines, Dell and others) have their Puerto Rican headquarters in Guaynabo. WAPA-TV (Televicentro) and Univisión de Puerto Rico have their main studios in Guaynabo.

Iberia's San Juan-area offices are in Guaynabo.[2]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Guaynabo, Puerto Rico
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 93
(34)
93
(34)
94
(34)
96
(36)
99
(37)
103
(39)
101
(38)
99
(37)
104
(40)
102
(39)
98
(37)
92
(33)
104
(40)
Average high °F (°C) 77
(25)
78
(26)
84
(29)
88
(31)
89
(32)
90
(32)
91
(33)
92
(33)
92
(33)
90
(32)
82
(28)
79
(26)
86
(30)
Average low °F (°C) 65
(18)
64
(18)
67
(19)
70
(21)
72
(22)
75
(24)
76
(24)
76
(24)
75
(24)
73
(23)
71
(22)
67
(19)
70.9
(21.5)
Record low °F (°C) 53
(12)
52
(11)
56
(13)
62
(17)
66
(19)
67
(19)
69
(21)
69
(21)
64
(18)
66
(19)
61
(16)
59
(15)
52
(11)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.89
(48)
1.51
(38.4)
1.52
(38.6)
2.39
(60.7)
9.36
(237.7)
4.35
(110.5)
2.42
(61.5)
5.50
(139.7)
8.34
(211.8)
5.57
(141.5)
5.28
(134.1)
3.74
(95)
51.87
(1,317.5)
Source: weather.com[3]

Culture[edit]

Festivals and events[edit]

  • Three Reyes Festival - January
  • Mabó Carnival - March
  • Mothers Tribute - May
  • Patron Festivities - May
  • Salsa National Day - June
  • Bellas Artes Camp - June
  • Bomba & Plena Festival - October
  • Christmas Lighting - November
  • Christmas Balls Giveaway - December

Sports[edit]

Guaynabo's old BSN team, the Guaynabo Mets, won national championships in 1980, 1982 and 1989, commanded by the player whom the Mario Morales Coliseum was named after, Mario "Quijote" Morales. The Conquistadores de Guaynabo, or Guaynabo Conquistadores, are the Guaynabo Mets replacement and still play in the Mario Morales Coliseum. The Mets de Guaynabo are the local women's volleyball team that play in the LVSF, or The Liga de Voliebol Superior Femenino. They have not won any championships yet. They also play in the Mario Morales Coliseum. Guaynabo Fluminense FC is Guaynabo's professional soccer team that plays in the Puerto Rico Soccer League. The league started in 2008 and Guaynabo's current position in the league is 4th place. Guaynabo Fluminense FC play their matches at the Jose Bonano Stadium that was originally made for baseball, but became a soccer arena after the Puerto Rico Baseball League was cancelled for the 2008 season. It was at the same year that the Puerto Rico Soccer League was starting to take place. In the 2009 season, Guaynabo Fluminense FC moved to the Sixto Escobar Stadium.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The United States Postal Service operates two post offices, Guaynabo and Caparra Heights, in Guaynabo.[4][5]

The Federal Bureau of Prisons operates the Metropolitan Detention Center, Guaynabo in Guaynabo.[6]

Some regions of the city belong to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district I while others belong to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district II. Both of the Districts are represented by two Senators. In 2012, José Nadal Power and Ramón Luis Nieves were elected as Senators for District I, while Migdalia Padilla and Carmelo Ríos have been serving as Senators for District II since being elected in 2004.[7]

Mayors[edit]

The Recent Mayors of Guaynabo[edit]

Mayor Term Party
Ebenezer Rivera 1969–1979 New Progressive Party
Alejandro Cruz Ortiz 1979–1993 New Progressive Party
Héctor O'Neill García 1993–present New Progressive Party

Mayors of Guaynabo from 1782 to 1969[edit]

Term Name
1782 Cayetano de la Sarna
1800 Pedro Dávila
1812 Dionisio Cátala
1816 Angel Umpierre
1818 Juan José González
1821 Joaquín Goyena
1822 José María Prosis
1823 Simón Hinonio
1825 José R. Ramírez
1827 Antonio Guzmán
1828 Genaro Oller
1836 Andrés Degal
1836 Agustín Rosario
1840 Francisco Hiques
1844 Martínez Díaz
1848 Tomás Cátla
1849 Andrés Vega
1852 Justo García
1856 José Tomás Sagarra
1857 Manuel Manzano
1859 Juan Floret
1859 José Francisco Chiques
1862 Segundo de Echeverte
1862 José de Murgas
1869 Juan J. Caro
1873 Benito Gómez
1874 Manuel Millones
1876 José Otero
1891 Juan Díaz de Barrio
1914 José Ramón
1914 José Carazo
1919 Narciso Val Llovera
1924 Zenón Díaz Valcárcel
1936 Dolores Vildivieso
1944 Augosto Rivera
1948 Jorge Gavillán Fuentes
1956 Juan Román
1964 José Rosario Reyes

Health facilities[edit]

Professional Hospital Guaynabo located on Felisa Rincón Avenue (formerly Las Cumbres Avenue), is the newest hospital infrastructure built in Puerto Rico. Guaynabo is the only city in Puerto Rico to have a hospital specialized in advanced vascular surgery.[8] Some of the first and newest procedures performed in Puerto Rico during 2009 were done in Professional Hospital Guaynabo, including the first AxiaLIF surgery for lumbar fusion.[9]

International relations[edit]

Guaynabo serves as a host city to four foreign consulates with business in Puerto Rico:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://welcome.topuertorico.org/maps/guaynabo.pdf
  2. ^ "Iberia Around the World." Iberia. Accessed September 11, 2008. "In the rest of the world -> Puerto Rico" - "San Juan de Puerto Rico. City office - Metro Office Park Calle 1 Lote 3 Oficina 102 Guaynabo, Puerto Rico 00968."
  3. ^ "Average Conditions Saint Thomas, VI". weather.com. Retrieved May 16, 2010. 
  4. ^ "Post Office Location - GUAYNABO." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 19, 2010.
  5. ^ "Post Office Location - CAPARRA HEIGHTS." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 19, 2010.
  6. ^ "MDC Guaynabo Contact Information." Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on January 12, 2010.
  7. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General on CEEPUR
  8. ^ "New hospital and medical building developing in Guaynabo" Caribbean Business Newspaper, Issued : 06/12/2008, By : LISA NIDO NYLUND
  9. ^ "Avanza la cirugía de la columna" Primera Hora Newspaper, Alejandra M. Jover Tovarra - 10/02/2009

External links[edit]