Gubakha

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Gubakha (English)
Губаха (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Perm Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Perm Krai in Russia
Gubakha is located in Perm Krai
Gubakha
Gubakha
Location of Gubakha in Perm Krai
Coordinates: 58°52′14″N 57°35′36″E / 58.87056°N 57.59333°E / 58.87056; 57.59333Coordinates: 58°52′14″N 57°35′36″E / 58.87056°N 57.59333°E / 58.87056; 57.59333
Administrative status (as of December 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Perm Krai[1]
Administratively subordinated to town of krai significance of Gubakha[1]
Administrative center of town of krai significance of Gubakha[1]
Municipal status (as of August 2012)
Urban okrug Gubakhinsky Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Gubakhinsky Urban Okrug[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 28,111 inhabitants[3]
Time zone YEKT (UTC+05:00)[4]
Founded mid-18th century[citation needed]
Town status since 1941[citation needed]
Gubakha on WikiCommons

Gubakha (Russian: Губа́ха) is a town in Perm Krai, Russia, located on the Kosva River (Kama's tributary) 400 kilometers (250 mi) northeast of Perm. Population: 28,111 (2010 Census);[3] 31,687 (2002 Census);[5] 36,858 (1989 Census).[6]

History[edit]

It was founded in the mid-18th century as a settlement around an iron ore deposit.[citation needed] Around 1909, it was known as Gubakhinskaya kop (Губахинская копь). Town status was granted to it in 1941.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with two work settlements and six rural localities, incorporated as the town of krai significance of Gubakha—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] Being a municipal division, the town of krai significance of Gubakha is incorporated as Gubakha Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

The town's economy includes several industrial facilities producing coke, chemicals, biochemicals, toys and power. An industrial base was built in Gubakha during World War II. Equipment from an evacuated nitrogen fertilizer plant was moved to Gubakha. Later, German reparations were used to increase the capital equipment in Gubakha. The plant was officially recognized as operational in 1955. During 1957 the plant may have been one of the first in Russia to operate a gas coke oven. In 1964 the plant began producing Methyl(ethyl)amines which are necessary for rocket fuel.

In 1993, the industrial association made up of the various chemical production facilities was reorganized into a joint stock company called Metrafrax. 51% of the company stock was sold to employees. Several agreements to build up waste treatment, expand and update the factory, and to build apartment blocks and a brewing facility were also concluded.[7]

The Kizel State Regional Power Plant is located in Gubakha.

Gubakha Coke has capacity to produce 1.3 million mt of metallurgical coke annually. The plant has never produced at capacity.[8]

Facilities[edit]

The town has a medical school.

The town has an orphanage.[9]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #416-67
  2. ^ a b c Law #87-PK
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Metrafax Corporate History, www.metrafrax.ru/en/about/history
  8. ^ SteelOrbis, OMK sells Gubakha Coke to Stroyservis, May 6, 2010, and Marchmont Capital Partners, UMC sells "$30m" Gubaka Coke to Stroyservice, May 11, 2010
  9. ^ http://www.adoptionknowhow.com

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное собрание Пермской области. Закон №416-67 от 28 февраля 1996 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Пермского края», в ред. Закона №328-ПК от 7 июня 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Пермской области и Коми-Пермяцкого автономного округа». Вступил в силу с момента опубликования. Опубликован: "Звезда", №38, 12 марта 1996 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Oblast. Law #416-67 of February 28, 1996 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Perm Krai, as amended by the Law #328-PK of June 7, 2014 On Amending Various Laws of Perm Oblast and Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug. Effective as of the moment of publication.).
  • Законодательное собрание Пермского края. Закон №87-ПК от 28 августа 2012 г. «О преобразовании Северо-Углеуральского городского поселения и Широковского сельского поселения путём объединения с городским округом "Город Губаха"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Бюллетень законов Пермского края, правовых актов губернатора Пермского края, Правительства Пермского края, исполнительных органов государственной власти Пермского края", №35, 3 сентября 2012 г. (Legislative Assembly of Perm Krai. Law #87-PK of August 28, 2012 On the Transformation of Severo-Ugleuralsky Urban Settlement and Shirokovskoye Rural Settlement by Merging Them with the Urban Okrug of the "Town of Gubakha". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the day of the official publication.).