Gudur

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Gudur
గూడూరు
Town
Gudur is located in Andhra Pradesh
Gudur
Gudur
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 14°08′50″N 79°50′52″E / 14.14733°N 79.84771°E / 14.14733; 79.84771Coordinates: 14°08′50″N 79°50′52″E / 14.14733°N 79.84771°E / 14.14733; 79.84771
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 60,625
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 524 101
Telephone code +91–8624
Vehicle registration AP–26
Sex ratio 1:1(approx) /
Website Gudur Municipality

Gudur is the third largest town and municipality in Nellore District in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. Gudur is the largest division in Nellore and a very old municipality. The mica belt around Gudur is considered the 2nd largest in the country. The mica deposits are located in a 1000sq.km. area surrounding Gudur.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 60,625. The total population constitute, 29,786 males, 30,839 females and 5,672 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 74.06% with 44,901 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[2]

History[edit]

Alaganatha Swamy temple is a famous temple here. Later the town developed around this temple. It is the largest temple in Gudur. The Satavahanas, Cholas, Pallavas, Telugu Cholas, Kakatiyas, Vijayanagara kings, and Golkonda Nawabs ruled this area. The town is also linked with the history of Venkatagiri (ruled by the Yachendra family), which is close by, 42 km from Gudur.

Shridi Sai baba Temple, Narasingarao pet, Gudur, is an old temple, constructed at 1938, constructed upon the advice of baba.

Climate[edit]

Gudur is very hot in summer. The town is quite frequently affected by cyclones and has an almost nonexistent winter. The best season to visit is from October to March. The eastern part of town is flooded often during the rainy season, with people facing hardships. This is due to the apathy of the administrative authorities and the uncontrolled swamping of fields by the local populace. Gudur does not have any good infrastructure. Afforestation and will improve this place.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Gudur's economy depends on agriculture, mica, lemons, and aquaculture. The mica belt around Gudur is considered the 2nd largest in the country. The mica deposits are located in a 1000sq.km. area covering Gudur, Sydapuram, Rapur & Atmakur mandals of the Nellore district. Muscovite, quartz, feldspar and vermiculite type of mica are found around this area.

Industries[edit]

  • Tirumala Milk Products [1]
  • Nelcast Ltd
  • Meenakshi Power Plant
  • NP Industries Water and Soft Drinks Pvt Ltd.
  • Navayuga Power Plant
  • L&T Power Plant
  • SBQ Steels Ltd
  • HCL Technology
  • Mass Fabrics
  • Apex Foot Factory

Mica companies[edit]

  • Chaithanya Mining & Mineral Industries
  • Micamin Exports
  • Premier Mica Company
  • Microfine Mica Company
  • Micafab
  • Krishna Mica Company
  • The Micawares (Founded in 1904)
  • Yashoda Krishna Mica Mining Co.
  • Venkatagiri Raja Mining Co.
  • khr mica company

Transportation[edit]

Gudur is accessible by road and railroad.

Roadway[edit]

Asian Highway 45 (from Kolkatta to Chennai) is passes through Gudur. APSRTC played buses from Gudur to all most all major towns of Andhra Pradesh.

Railway[edit]

Gudur railway station is a major railway junction, located between Chennai Central and Viajayawada, with connections to Tirupathi, Chennai. This is one of the biggest railway junctions in Andhra Pradesh and a major junction of the Indian Railways. All trains towards North, East and North East India from Chennai, Tamil Nadu and Kerala pass through Gudur. On an ordinary day the total number of trains passing through are 140 to 150 trains in 24 hours, including 60-70 goods trains.

Airports[edit]

The nearest airports are at Chennai (148 km) and Tirupati (96 km).

Languages[edit]

Telugu is the language of the land. The Telugu dialect in Gudur follows the general dialect spoken in and around Nellore district. But the distinctive feature of Gudur is the slow pace of the speech. "Endi mandhala ? " is Gudur Telugu for " how'z things going / Whats up ? " and "Endi eavvaram" is the Gudur Telugu for "What's the problem" Now some additional nationalities and languages are joined with Gudur people for power plant construction, and the population has increased.

Political representation[edit]

Gudur is one of the major towns of Nellore district. From 1985 onwards(as known) this constituency has been reserved for Scheduled Castes.

Previous MLA's who have represented Gudur (in chronological order):

Name Party Term
Balli Durga Prasad Rao T.D.P(Telugu Desam Party) 1985 - 89
Patra Prakasam Congress(I) 1989 - 94
Balli Durga Prasad Rao T.D.P 1994 - 99
Balli Durga Prasad Rao T.D.P 1999–2004
Patra Prakasam Congress(I) 2004–2009
Balli Durga Prasad Rao T.D.P 2009 - 2014
Pasam Suneel Kumar Y.S.R Congress 2014 - Till date

Educational institutions[edit]

There are many schools run by both government and private namely Sree Vivekananda High School(Estd.:1977) (first school in Gudur), Viswa Bharati School (Estd:1985) (One of the oldest schools in the town), Zilla Parishad Boys and Girls high schools etc. Technical training institutes include Government Polytechnic College, Government Institute of Ceramic Technology, Industrial Training Institute etc. Apart from these there are many Degree and Engineering colleges as well namely S.K.R. Government college, Vidyalaya Degree College, Sri Venkateshwara Degree College, Audisankara Engineering college, S.K.R Engineering college, Narayana Engineering college and A.V.S Engineering college etc.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 20 August 2014.