Guernsey County, Ohio

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Guernsey County, Ohio
Cambridge Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Seal of Guernsey County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Guernsey County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded January 31, 1810[1]
Named for the Isle of Guernsey
Seat Cambridge
Largest city Cambridge
Area
 • Total 528.30 sq mi (1,368 km2)
 • Land 522.25 sq mi (1,353 km2)
 • Water 6.05 sq mi (16 km2), 1.15%
Population
 • (2010) 40,087
 • Density 76.8/sq mi (30/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.guernseycounty.org

Guernsey County is a county located in the state of Ohio. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 40,087, which is a decrease of 1.7% from 40,792 in 2000.[2] Its county seat is Cambridge,[3] and it is named for the Isle of Guernsey in the English Channel,[4] from which many of the county's early settlers came.

Guernsey County comprises the Cambridge, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Columbus-Marion-Zanesville, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Guernsey County, located in the Appalachian foothills, was first formed and organized in 1810 from portions of Muskingum and Belmont counties. It lost some land area during the formation of neighboring counties until it reached its present size and boundaries in 1851.

The county name originated with one Thomas Ogier, of Les Duvaux, Guernsey. During the Napoleonic Wars, six thousand Russian troops were garrisoned in Guernsey. There was considerable friction between the local population and the Russians, who were poorly rationed and often resorted to theft. Ogier was fowling in his fields one afternoon, when he surprised a Russian soldier stealing apples from his orchard. He shot at the soldier with his fowling piece, upon which the soldier dropped the apples and ran away. Ogier noted some blood upon the wall over which the soldier had escaped, but thought nothing of it. Later that day, he learned that the soldier had died in barracks and had reported Ogier to his commander.

Ogier, afraid of retribution, fled first to Jersey and then to France, where he took a boat to the USA. After some time on the Eastern Seaboard, he migrated west in 1808, to present-day Ohio. After having made some success for himself in that state, he wrote home to Guernsey, encouraging others to settle. He joined an earlier group of Guernsey settlers in the town of Cambridge. Throughout his travels, Ogier kept with him his family cradle, which is now in the possession of the Cambridge branch of the American Legion.[5][6]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 528.30 square miles (1,368.3 km2), of which 522.25 square miles (1,352.6 km2) (or 98.85%) is land and 6.05 square miles (15.7 km2) (or 1.15%) is water.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 3,051
1820 9,292 204.6%
1830 18,036 94.1%
1840 27,748 53.8%
1850 30,438 9.7%
1860 24,474 −19.6%
1870 23,838 −2.6%
1880 27,197 14.1%
1890 28,645 5.3%
1900 34,425 20.2%
1910 42,716 24.1%
1920 45,352 6.2%
1930 41,486 −8.5%
1940 38,822 −6.4%
1950 38,452 −1.0%
1960 38,579 0.3%
1970 37,665 −2.4%
1980 42,024 11.6%
1990 39,024 −7.1%
2000 40,792 4.5%
2010 40,087 −1.7%
Est. 2012 39,817 −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2012 Estimate[2]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 40,792 people, 16,094 households, and 11,233 families residing in the county. The population density was 78 people per square mile (30/km²). There were 18,771 housing units at an average density of 36 per square mile (14/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.28% White, 1.53% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.22% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. 0.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 96.7% spoke English, 1.3% Spanish and 1.1% German as their first language.

There were 16,094 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.90% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.20% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,110, and the median income for a family was $35,660. Males had a median income of $30,142 versus $20,804 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,542. About 12.90% of families and 16.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.50% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Communities[edit]

Map of Guernsey County, Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Guernsey County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "Guernsey County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Guernsey County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved 2007-04-28. [dead link]
  5. ^ Chapter XIII, Golden Guernsey by Alfred S. Campbell, D.Kemp & Company New York 1938
  6. ^ Guernsey County Rootsweb page
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 5, 2013. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Thomas William Lewis, History of Southeastern Ohio and the Muskingum Valley, 1788-1928. In Three Volumes. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1928.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°03′N 81°30′W / 40.05°N 81.50°W / 40.05; -81.50