|State||Baja California Sur|
|Elevation||30 ft (9 m)|
|Time zone||Pacific (US Mountain) (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||Pacific (UTC-6)|
Guerrero Negro is the largest town located in the municipality of Mulegé in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur (BCS). It had a population of 13,054 in the 2010 census. Guerrero Negro is served by Guerrero Negro Airport.
The town has a celebration each year to hail the annual arrival of the gray whale to calve in the lagoons of BCS. This festival occurs during the first half of February. Another town in BCS, the port of San Blas, has a similar festival on February 24 and 25.
Guerrero Negro was born in 1957 when Daniel Ludwig—who also constructed the hotel Acapulco Princess in the port of Acapulco, Guerrero—built a salt works there to supply the demand of salt in the western United States. The salt mine was established around the Ojo de Liebre coastal lagoon taking advantage of the heavy salinity, without realizing that eventually this company, called Exportadora de Sal, S.A., of C.V. ("Salt Exporters, Inc."), would become the greatest salt mine in the world, with a production of seven million tons of salt per annum, exported to the main centers of consumption in the Pacific basin, especially Japan, Korea, the United States, Canada, Taiwan and New Zealand. In 1973, Daniel Ludwig sold the company to the Mexican government and the corporation Mitsubishi, 51% and 49% respectively. The company is distinguished not only by its growth and its yield, but also by the progress which has reached more than a thousand employees, their community and its ecological surroundings: The salt works, located in a site of extraordinary beauty, within a reserve of the biosphere, has been pivotal in the development of the region, where each winter whales gather, many species of resident and migratory birds stay, visiting birds originating mainly in the United States and Europe.
Guerrero Negro is the Spanish translation of the name "Black Warrior", a U.S. American whaling ship from Duxbury, Massachusetts near Boston that grounded near the coast in the 1850s. It was during this era that Captain Charles Melville Scammon discovered a prolific gray whale breeding lagoon which became a choice hunting ground for American and European whalers. Although locally known as "Laguna Ojo de Liebre" ("eye of the jackrabbit"), this lagoon is better known to boaters from around the world as "Scammon's". Now, instead of whaling, a whale-watching industry has developed around the whales in the lagoon. The whales in the lagoon are particularly known for their willingness to approach the whale-watching boats and sometimes (especially the newborns) allow themselves to be petted.
The town is on Federal Highway 1.
- Quintanar Hinojosa, Beatriz (February 2008). "Breves". Guía México Desconocido: Oaxaca 372: 8.
- 2010 census tables: INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografia e Informática
- www.AllAboutBaja.com Learn all about Guerrero Negro and the magnificent Baja peninsula.
Portal de Guerrero Negro http://detodoguerrero.com/