Guerrilla Army of the Poor

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Guerrilla Army of the Poor
Ejército Guerrillero de los Pobres
Participant in Guatemalan Civil War
Ejército Guerrillero de los Pobres (emblem).jpg
Logo of the Ejército Guerrillero de los Pobres
Active 19 January 1972 – 15 February 1997
Ideology Marxist–Leninism
Communism
Vanguardism
Leaders Rolando Morán
Area of operations Guatemala
Part of URNG
Allies URNG
PGT
MR-13
FAR
EGP[disambiguation needed]
ORPA (and it's supporters)
Opponents Guatemala (and it's supporters)

The Guerrilla Army Of The Poor (EGP – Ejército Guerrillero de los Pobres) was Guatemalan guerrilla movement, one of the four organizations comprising the Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity (URNG – Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca) that negotiated and signed the Peace accords in Guatemala with the Government and the Army of Guatemala.

Initially, the guerrilla organization went by the acronym NORC but soon became known as the EGP. On January 19, 1972, the first guerrilla contingents entered the forests of the Ixcán, to the north of Quichė. As a communist organization, it combined a vanguard party structure with paramilitary forces and a Marxist–Leninist ideology.

The EGP sought to organize and, to a certain extent, control elements of the Indigenous towns of Guatemala as an opposition to the dictatorial regimes of the late twentieth century.

Until the peace accords were signed on 29 December 1996, the EGP was the guerrilla organization with the greatest number of militants and territorial extension, although this level of influence was greatly diminished from earlier levels, particularly following the brutal 'pacification' of the countryside under General Efrain Rios Montt. At its peak, the EGP could rely upon a social base of approximately 250,000 people, divided in the following guerrilla fronts:

The Commander-in-Chief was Ricardo Ramirez de León, alias Commander Rolando Morán, who became the first Secretary General of URNG following the peace accords. The EGP were disbanded on 15 February 1997, two months after signing the accords, and were integrated into the URNG, which today exists as a conventional political party.

See also[edit]