Guido Bonatti

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Guido Bonatti, anonymous 18th-century engraving.

Guido Bonatti (died between 1296 and 1300) was an Italian astronomer and astrologer from Forlì. He was the most celebrated astrologer in Europe in his century.[1]

Biography[edit]

Bonatti's dates of birth and death are unknown, the latter probably occurring between 1296 and 1300. In 1233 he is known as the winner of a dispute in Bologna with the friar Giovanni Schio from Vicenza, who maintained the non-scientific basis of astrology.[1]

Bonatti was advisor of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor, Ezzelino da Romano III, Guido Novello da Polenta and Guido I da Montefeltro. He also served the communal governments of Florence, Siena and Forlì. His employers were all Ghibellines (supporters of the Holy Roman Emperor), who were in conflict with the Guelphs (supporters of the Pope), and all were excommunicated at some time or another.[2] Bonatti's astrological reputation was also criticised in Dante's Divine Comedy, where he is depicted as residing in hell as punishment for his astrology.[3]

Bonatti's most famous work was his Liber Astronomiae or 'Book of Astronomy', written around 1277. This remained a classic astrology textbook for two centuries.[2][4]

There is a tradition that Bonatti, towards the end of his life, took the friar's habit of the Franciscan Order. This has been contested as Bonatti, expressed great disdain for Franciscans in his early period. However, the Franciscan Order, in the 1924 inaugural issue of its annual publication, Franciscan Studies, lays claim to Fra Guido Bonatti:

The celebrated physicist, astronomer and astrologer, Guido Bonatti (d. 1296), a Friar Minor, drew scholars to his professional chair from all parts of Europe. He wrote Theoria Planetarum (printed at Venice, 1506) and Liber Astronomicus.[5]

According to the uncorroborated account of the Italian historian Ludovico Antonio Muratori Bonatti was murdered by robbers whilst returning from a study trip to Paris and other Italian cities, being set upon in or near Casena, with his body left upon the road. Evidence from various accounts establishes that Bonatti was in his eighties when he died.[2]:xliv

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Boncompagni, Baldassarre (1851). Della vita e delle opere di Guido Bonatti, astrologo e astronomo del secolo decimoterzo (in Italian). 
  2. ^ a b c Dykes, Benjamin N. (13th century). The Book of Astronomy by Guido Bonatti. Cazimi Press. ISBN 9781934586006.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ Alighieri, Dante (1867). Divine Comedy. Ticknor and Fields. 
  4. ^ Campion, Nicholas. An Introduction to the History of Astrology. ISCWA, 1982. p. 46.
  5. ^ Lenhard, John M., OFM Cap. (1924). "Science in the Franciscan Order: a historical sketch". Franciscan Studies. 

External links[edit]